Ion channel/membrane arrays on electroactive waveguides for biomolecular assays

Project: Research project

Description

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): In this multi-disciplinary project, we will develop a unique electroactive integrated optical channel waveguide (EA-channel IOW) that is functionalized with ligand-gated, ion channel proteins (ICs) reconstituted into a stabilized planar supported lipid bilayer (PSLB). Our long-term objective is to create arrays of these devices on a single platform to enable high throughput, multiplexed screening of ligands that modulate 1C function, including those correlated with human disease states, and new pharmaceutical candidates to treat these diseases. Successful development of this highly integrated, bioassay platform will complement and potentially supplant existing, cumbersome methods for screening libraries of 1C modulators, providing a powerful new tool for drug discovery, clinical diagnostics, and physiological investigations of structure-activity relationships in structurally-related ICs. The Specific Aims are designed to systematically develop this technology and demonstrate its utility in these important areas, and thus its relevance to human health. 1. New types of polymerizable lipids and poly(lipid) membranes will be created that preserve the activity of incorporated ATP-sensitive K+ (KATP) ion channels and are sufficiently stabilized to enable long-term use and storage. 2. New types of transducer layers will be created from porous sol-gels (PSGs) with embedded conducting polymer (CP) "wires" and appended crown ether-dye conjugates. These CP-PSG layers will serve as supports for poly(PSLBs) with incorporated KATP channels. Ligand binding to IC-poly(PSLBs) will produce changes in K+ flux across the membrane, which will be detected via K+ binding to the crown, producing both electrochemical and fluorescence responses. 3. Novel EA-channel lOWs will be designed to efficiently excite dyes in the overlying CP-PSG layer, and to efficiently capture their emission into waveguided modes. This approach will enable the backcoupled fluorescence to be detected in the waveguide plane and, when interfaced with an in-plane light source (organic light emitting diode) and photodetector (organic photovoltaic), will lead to creation of chip-like, waveguide arrays for multiplexed, optical/electrochemical surface-binding assays. 4. IC-poly(PSLB)/CP-PSG multilayers and EA-IOWs will be integrated into single channel sensors and then four-channel arrays, and coupled to microfluidic analyte delivery systems. Multiplexed, 4-channel screening of different 1C ligands and 1C structural compositions will demonstrate the utility of this technology for high throughput screening and establish the feasibility of evolving to higher density arrays.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date9/30/065/31/16

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health: $431,626.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $379,506.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $422,994.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $365,178.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $422,994.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $591,217.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $375,636.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $521,980.00

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Conducting polymers
Biosensing Techniques
Ion Channels
Sol-gels
Neurotransmitter Agents
Assays
Screening
Waveguides
Hormones
Membranes
Lipid bilayers
Ligands
Artificial Membranes
Coloring Agents
Fluorescence
Throughput
Crown Ethers
Ligand-Gated Ion Channels
KATP Channels
Dopamine

ASJC

  • Engineering(all)
  • Medicine(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)