METABOLISM--AUTOCRINE PEPTIDES/SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER

Project: Research project

Description

Small cell lung cancer (i.e. small oat-cell carcinoma) accounts for
approximately 25% of all identifiable human lung cancers. This
malignant neoplasm has a rapid growth rate and shows a
propensity to metastasize and grow rapidly. In Arizona alone,
there are 2,400 new cases of lung cancer diagnosed each year. Of
these 2,400 cases, 600 are new cases of small cell lung cancer
(SCLC). This proposal is designed to study and develop potential
inhibitors of small cell lung cancer growth by inhibiting the
formation of certain peptide hormones produced by the SCLC
cells. These peptide hormones are known to affect SCLC by
increasing its potential for abnormal growth. The hypothesis that
we will test is that SCLC produces metabolic "byproduct" peptide
hormones by proteolytic metabolism of larger "parent" proteins,
and that these peptides cause SCLC to grow. If we can control
the production of these peptide hormones by inhibiting the
enzymes responsible for their formation, then we may be able to
control SCLC growth. Our research approach can be seen as
attempting to disrupt a cascade of events responsible for SCLC
growth by altering the formation of the necessary catalysts
(peptides) responsible for many of the symptoms of the disease.
Our long term objective is to develop a drug (peptidase inhibitor)
capable of acting on peptides produced from SCLC. In this way
we will be controlling the growth of SCLC, and also controlling
the formation of peptide hormones which have serious and
deleterious side effects due to their hypersecretion from SCLC
cells.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date3/15/882/28/92

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health

Fingerprint

Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
Peptides
Peptide Hormones
Growth
Small Cell Carcinoma
Lung Neoplasms
Protease Inhibitors

ASJC

  • Medicine(all)