Role of preoptic NK3R neurons in the estrogen modulation of body temperature

Project: Research projectResearch Project


Hot flushes occur in the majority of menopausal women and in young women after estrogen withdrawal. They
are characterized by the activation of heat dissipation effectors, including skin vasodilatation, sweating, and
cold-seeking behavior. Despite the millions of individuals who experience these symptoms, the cause remains
an enigma, and there is little understanding of the neural circuits for estrogen modulation of body temperature.
Our laboratory has long hypothesized that kisspeptin/neurokinin B/dynorphin (KNDy) neurons contribute to the
generation of flushes, because of their dramatic changes in the hypothalamus of postmenopausal women. In
support of this hypothesis, we recently showed that ablation of KNDy neurons in the rat decreases cutaneous
vasodilatation and alters the effects of estrogen on thermoregulation. The goal of the present grant is to
elucidate the downstream (preoptic) pathways used by estrogen-responsive KNDy neurons to mediate
thermoregulatory vasodilatation. KNDy neurons project to key thermoregulatory structures that regulate heat-
dissipation effectors: the median preoptic nucleus (MnPO) and medial preoptic area (MPO). Moreover, both
these areas express the primary NKB receptor (NK3R) and activation of NK3R in the MnPO reduces body
temperature. We hypothesize that NK3R neurons in the MnPO and MPO integrate information from
estrogen-responsive KNDy neurons with warm thermal- signals that trigger heat dissipation effectors.
The following specific aims are proposed: 1) To evaluate whether NK3R neurons in the MnPO and MPO of
Tacr3-EGFP mice are activated by warm-thermal signals from the environment, are modulated by estrogen and
receive inputs from KNDy neurons; 2) To perform electrophysiological recordings of NK3R neurons in the
preoptic area of the Tacr3-EGFP mouse to determine if they are warm-sensitive, receive inputs from KNDy
neurons and if their thermal sensitivity is altered by estrogen or NK3R signaling; 3) To determine if NK3R
neurons in the MnPO and MPO are essential for the estrogen modulation of body temperature; 4) To determine
if a homologous projection pathway from KNDy neurons to preoptic NK3R neurons exists in the human. These
studies will shed light on the integration of reproductive and thermoregulatory systems and provide clues into
the etiology of hot flushes. Understanding the mechanisms of hot flushes is essential for designing targeted
Effective start/end date8/15/144/30/19


  • National Institutes of Health: $301,074.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $302,751.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $292,781.00


Body Temperature
Preoptic Area
Neurokinin B
Hot Temperature
Body Temperature Regulation
Organized Financing


  • Medicine(all)