α6 Integrin Cleavage: Sensitizing human prostate cancer to ionizing radiation

Sangita C. Pawar, Shona Dougherty, Michael E. Pennington, Manolis C. Demetriou, B. Dino Stea, Robert T. Dorr, Anne E. Cress

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: The goal was to determine if prostate tumor cells containing a mutant α6 integrin would be defective in tumor re-population following clinically relevant fractionated ionizing radiation (IR) treatments. Material and methods: Human prostate cancer cells derived from PC3N cells were used which conditionally expressed a cleavable, wild type form of α6 integrin (PC3N-α6-WT) or a mutated non-cleavable form of α6 integrin (PC3N-α6-RR). The resulting tumor growth before, during and after fractionated doses of IR (3 Gyx10 days) was analyzed using the endpoints of tumor growth inhibition (T/C), tumor growth delay (T-C), tumor doubling time (Td) and tumor cell kill (Log10 cell kill). Results: The T/C values were 36.1% and 39.5%, the T-C values were 20.5 days and 28.5 days and the Td values were 5.5 and 10.5 days for the irradiated PC3N-α6-WT and PC3N-α6-RR cells, respectively. The Log10 was 1.1 for the PC3N-α6-WT cells and 0.8 for the PC3N-α6-RR cells. The tumor response to IR was altered in tumors expressing the mutant α6 integrin as indicated by a significant increase in tumor growth inhibition, an increase in tumor growth delay, an increase in tumor doubling time and an increase in tumor cell kill. Conclusions: Blocking integrin cleavage in vivo may be efficacious for increasing the IR responsiveness of slow growing, pro-metastatic human prostate cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)761-767
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Biology
Volume83
Issue number11-12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 12 2007

Keywords

  • Growth delay
  • Integrin
  • Ionizing radiation
  • Prostate cancer
  • Tumor cell kill
  • Tumor doubling time
  • Tumor growth inhibition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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