1-2.4 μm Near-IR Spectrum of the Giant Planet β Pictoris b Obtained with the Gemini Planet Imager

Jeffrey Chilcote, Laurent Pueyo, Robert J.De Rosa, Jeffrey Vargas, Bruce Macintosh, Vanessa P. Bailey, Travis Barman, Brian Bauman, Sebastian Bruzzone, Joanna Bulger, Adam S. Burrows, Andrew Cardwell, Christine H. Chen, Tara Cotten, Daren Dillon, Rene Doyon, Zachary H. Draper, Gaspard Duchêne, Jennifer Dunn, Darren Erikson & 44 others Michael P. Fitzgerald, Katherine B. Follette, Donald Gavel, Stephen J. Goodsell, James R. Graham, Alexandra Z. Greenbaum, Markus Hartung, Pascale Hibon, Li Wei Hung, Patrick Ingraham, Paul Kalas, Quinn Konopacky, James E. Larkin, Jérôme Maire, Franck Marchis, Mark S. Marley, Christian Marois, Stanimir Metchev, Maxwell A. Millar-Blanchaer, Katie M. Morzinski, Eric L. Nielsen, Andrew Norton, Rebecca Oppenheimer, David Palmer, Jennifer Patience, Marshall Perrin, Lisa Poyneer, Abhijith Rajan, Julien Rameau, Fredrik T. Rantakyrö, Naru Sadakuni, Leslie Saddlemyer, Dmitry Savransky, Adam C. Schneider, Andrew Serio, Anand Sivaramakrishnan, Inseok Song, Remi Soummer, Sandrine Thomas, J. Kent Wallace, Jason J. Wang, Kimberly Ward-Duong, Sloane Wiktorowicz, Schuyler Wolff

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

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Abstract

Using the Gemini Planet Imager located at Gemini South, we measured the near-infrared (1.0-2.4 μm) spectrum of the planetary companion to the nearby, young star β Pictoris. We compare the spectrum obtained with currently published model grids and with known substellar objects and present the best matching models as well as the best matching observed objects. Comparing the empirical measurement of the bolometric luminosity to evolutionary models, we find a mass of 12.9 ±0.2 , an effective temperature of 1724 ±15 K, a radius of 1.46 ±0.01 , and a surface gravity of [dex] (cgs). The stated uncertainties are statistical errors only, and do not incorporate any uncertainty on the evolutionary models. Using atmospheric models, we find an effective temperature of 1700-1800 K and a surface gravity of -4.0 [dex] depending upon the model. These values agree well with other publications and with "hot-start" predictions from planetary evolution models. Further, we find that the spectrum of β Pic b best matches a low surface gravity L2 ±1 brown dwarf. Finally, comparing the spectrum to field brown dwarfs, we find the the spectrum best matches 2MASS J04062677-381210 and 2MASS J03552337+1133437.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Article number182
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume153
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2017

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planets
planet
gravitation
gravity
temperature
planetary evolution
atmospheric models
grids
luminosity
stars
radii
predictions
near infrared
prediction
young
atmospheric model

Keywords

  • instrumentation: adaptive optics
  • planetary systems
  • stars: individual (beta Pictoris)
  • techniques: spectroscopic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Chilcote, J., Pueyo, L., Rosa, R. J. D., Vargas, J., Macintosh, B., Bailey, V. P., ... Wolff, S. (2017). 1-2.4 μm Near-IR Spectrum of the Giant Planet β Pictoris b Obtained with the Gemini Planet Imager. Astronomical Journal, 153(4), [182]. DOI: 10.3847/1538-3881/aa63e9

1-2.4 μm Near-IR Spectrum of the Giant Planet β Pictoris b Obtained with the Gemini Planet Imager. / Chilcote, Jeffrey; Pueyo, Laurent; Rosa, Robert J.De; Vargas, Jeffrey; Macintosh, Bruce; Bailey, Vanessa P.; Barman, Travis; Bauman, Brian; Bruzzone, Sebastian; Bulger, Joanna; Burrows, Adam S.; Cardwell, Andrew; Chen, Christine H.; Cotten, Tara; Dillon, Daren; Doyon, Rene; Draper, Zachary H.; Duchêne, Gaspard; Dunn, Jennifer; Erikson, Darren; Fitzgerald, Michael P.; Follette, Katherine B.; Gavel, Donald; Goodsell, Stephen J.; Graham, James R.; Greenbaum, Alexandra Z.; Hartung, Markus; Hibon, Pascale; Hung, Li Wei; Ingraham, Patrick; Kalas, Paul; Konopacky, Quinn; Larkin, James E.; Maire, Jérôme; Marchis, Franck; Marley, Mark S.; Marois, Christian; Metchev, Stanimir; Millar-Blanchaer, Maxwell A.; Morzinski, Katie M.; Nielsen, Eric L.; Norton, Andrew; Oppenheimer, Rebecca; Palmer, David; Patience, Jennifer; Perrin, Marshall; Poyneer, Lisa; Rajan, Abhijith; Rameau, Julien; Rantakyrö, Fredrik T.; Sadakuni, Naru; Saddlemyer, Leslie; Savransky, Dmitry; Schneider, Adam C.; Serio, Andrew; Sivaramakrishnan, Anand; Song, Inseok; Soummer, Remi; Thomas, Sandrine; Wallace, J. Kent; Wang, Jason J.; Ward-Duong, Kimberly; Wiktorowicz, Sloane; Wolff, Schuyler.

In: Astronomical Journal, Vol. 153, No. 4, 182, 01.04.2017.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Chilcote, J, Pueyo, L, Rosa, RJD, Vargas, J, Macintosh, B, Bailey, VP, Barman, T, Bauman, B, Bruzzone, S, Bulger, J, Burrows, AS, Cardwell, A, Chen, CH, Cotten, T, Dillon, D, Doyon, R, Draper, ZH, Duchêne, G, Dunn, J, Erikson, D, Fitzgerald, MP, Follette, KB, Gavel, D, Goodsell, SJ, Graham, JR, Greenbaum, AZ, Hartung, M, Hibon, P, Hung, LW, Ingraham, P, Kalas, P, Konopacky, Q, Larkin, JE, Maire, J, Marchis, F, Marley, MS, Marois, C, Metchev, S, Millar-Blanchaer, MA, Morzinski, KM, Nielsen, EL, Norton, A, Oppenheimer, R, Palmer, D, Patience, J, Perrin, M, Poyneer, L, Rajan, A, Rameau, J, Rantakyrö, FT, Sadakuni, N, Saddlemyer, L, Savransky, D, Schneider, AC, Serio, A, Sivaramakrishnan, A, Song, I, Soummer, R, Thomas, S, Wallace, JK, Wang, JJ, Ward-Duong, K, Wiktorowicz, S & Wolff, S 2017, '1-2.4 μm Near-IR Spectrum of the Giant Planet β Pictoris b Obtained with the Gemini Planet Imager' Astronomical Journal, vol 153, no. 4, 182. DOI: 10.3847/1538-3881/aa63e9
Chilcote J, Pueyo L, Rosa RJD, Vargas J, Macintosh B, Bailey VP et al. 1-2.4 μm Near-IR Spectrum of the Giant Planet β Pictoris b Obtained with the Gemini Planet Imager. Astronomical Journal. 2017 Apr 1;153(4). 182. Available from, DOI: 10.3847/1538-3881/aa63e9
Chilcote, Jeffrey ; Pueyo, Laurent ; Rosa, Robert J.De ; Vargas, Jeffrey ; Macintosh, Bruce ; Bailey, Vanessa P. ; Barman, Travis ; Bauman, Brian ; Bruzzone, Sebastian ; Bulger, Joanna ; Burrows, Adam S. ; Cardwell, Andrew ; Chen, Christine H. ; Cotten, Tara ; Dillon, Daren ; Doyon, Rene ; Draper, Zachary H. ; Duchêne, Gaspard ; Dunn, Jennifer ; Erikson, Darren ; Fitzgerald, Michael P. ; Follette, Katherine B. ; Gavel, Donald ; Goodsell, Stephen J. ; Graham, James R. ; Greenbaum, Alexandra Z. ; Hartung, Markus ; Hibon, Pascale ; Hung, Li Wei ; Ingraham, Patrick ; Kalas, Paul ; Konopacky, Quinn ; Larkin, James E. ; Maire, Jérôme ; Marchis, Franck ; Marley, Mark S. ; Marois, Christian ; Metchev, Stanimir ; Millar-Blanchaer, Maxwell A. ; Morzinski, Katie M. ; Nielsen, Eric L. ; Norton, Andrew ; Oppenheimer, Rebecca ; Palmer, David ; Patience, Jennifer ; Perrin, Marshall ; Poyneer, Lisa ; Rajan, Abhijith ; Rameau, Julien ; Rantakyrö, Fredrik T. ; Sadakuni, Naru ; Saddlemyer, Leslie ; Savransky, Dmitry ; Schneider, Adam C. ; Serio, Andrew ; Sivaramakrishnan, Anand ; Song, Inseok ; Soummer, Remi ; Thomas, Sandrine ; Wallace, J. Kent ; Wang, Jason J. ; Ward-Duong, Kimberly ; Wiktorowicz, Sloane ; Wolff, Schuyler. / 1-2.4 μm Near-IR Spectrum of the Giant Planet β Pictoris b Obtained with the Gemini Planet Imager. In: Astronomical Journal. 2017 ; Vol. 153, No. 4.
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abstract = "Using the Gemini Planet Imager located at Gemini South, we measured the near-infrared (1.0-2.4 μm) spectrum of the planetary companion to the nearby, young star β Pictoris. We compare the spectrum obtained with currently published model grids and with known substellar objects and present the best matching models as well as the best matching observed objects. Comparing the empirical measurement of the bolometric luminosity to evolutionary models, we find a mass of 12.9 ±0.2 , an effective temperature of 1724 ±15 K, a radius of 1.46 ±0.01 , and a surface gravity of [dex] (cgs). The stated uncertainties are statistical errors only, and do not incorporate any uncertainty on the evolutionary models. Using atmospheric models, we find an effective temperature of 1700-1800 K and a surface gravity of -4.0 [dex] depending upon the model. These values agree well with other publications and with {"}hot-start{"} predictions from planetary evolution models. Further, we find that the spectrum of β Pic b best matches a low surface gravity L2 ±1 brown dwarf. Finally, comparing the spectrum to field brown dwarfs, we find the the spectrum best matches 2MASS J04062677-381210 and 2MASS J03552337+1133437.",
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AU - Pueyo,Laurent

AU - Rosa,Robert J.De

AU - Vargas,Jeffrey

AU - Macintosh,Bruce

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AU - Bulger,Joanna

AU - Burrows,Adam S.

AU - Cardwell,Andrew

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AU - Erikson,Darren

AU - Fitzgerald,Michael P.

AU - Follette,Katherine B.

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AU - Graham,James R.

AU - Greenbaum,Alexandra Z.

AU - Hartung,Markus

AU - Hibon,Pascale

AU - Hung,Li Wei

AU - Ingraham,Patrick

AU - Kalas,Paul

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AU - Rantakyrö,Fredrik T.

AU - Sadakuni,Naru

AU - Saddlemyer,Leslie

AU - Savransky,Dmitry

AU - Schneider,Adam C.

AU - Serio,Andrew

AU - Sivaramakrishnan,Anand

AU - Song,Inseok

AU - Soummer,Remi

AU - Thomas,Sandrine

AU - Wallace,J. Kent

AU - Wang,Jason J.

AU - Ward-Duong,Kimberly

AU - Wiktorowicz,Sloane

AU - Wolff,Schuyler

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N2 - Using the Gemini Planet Imager located at Gemini South, we measured the near-infrared (1.0-2.4 μm) spectrum of the planetary companion to the nearby, young star β Pictoris. We compare the spectrum obtained with currently published model grids and with known substellar objects and present the best matching models as well as the best matching observed objects. Comparing the empirical measurement of the bolometric luminosity to evolutionary models, we find a mass of 12.9 ±0.2 , an effective temperature of 1724 ±15 K, a radius of 1.46 ±0.01 , and a surface gravity of [dex] (cgs). The stated uncertainties are statistical errors only, and do not incorporate any uncertainty on the evolutionary models. Using atmospheric models, we find an effective temperature of 1700-1800 K and a surface gravity of -4.0 [dex] depending upon the model. These values agree well with other publications and with "hot-start" predictions from planetary evolution models. Further, we find that the spectrum of β Pic b best matches a low surface gravity L2 ±1 brown dwarf. Finally, comparing the spectrum to field brown dwarfs, we find the the spectrum best matches 2MASS J04062677-381210 and 2MASS J03552337+1133437.

AB - Using the Gemini Planet Imager located at Gemini South, we measured the near-infrared (1.0-2.4 μm) spectrum of the planetary companion to the nearby, young star β Pictoris. We compare the spectrum obtained with currently published model grids and with known substellar objects and present the best matching models as well as the best matching observed objects. Comparing the empirical measurement of the bolometric luminosity to evolutionary models, we find a mass of 12.9 ±0.2 , an effective temperature of 1724 ±15 K, a radius of 1.46 ±0.01 , and a surface gravity of [dex] (cgs). The stated uncertainties are statistical errors only, and do not incorporate any uncertainty on the evolutionary models. Using atmospheric models, we find an effective temperature of 1700-1800 K and a surface gravity of -4.0 [dex] depending upon the model. These values agree well with other publications and with "hot-start" predictions from planetary evolution models. Further, we find that the spectrum of β Pic b best matches a low surface gravity L2 ±1 brown dwarf. Finally, comparing the spectrum to field brown dwarfs, we find the the spectrum best matches 2MASS J04062677-381210 and 2MASS J03552337+1133437.

KW - instrumentation: adaptive optics

KW - planetary systems

KW - stars: individual (beta Pictoris)

KW - techniques: spectroscopic

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