120-150 ka human tooth and ivory engravings from Xinglongdong Cave, Three Gorges Region, South China

Xing Gao, Wanbo Huang, Ziqiang Xu, Zhibang Ma, J. W. Olsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rich paleoanthropological materials were unearthed in primary context from the Xinglongdong Cave in Fengjie County, Chongqing, South China, including a human tooth, numerous mammalian fossils, some stone artifacts and a Stegodon tusk exhibiting intentional engravings. Based on biostratigraphic data and uranium series dating, the cave was utilized as a human shelter about 120000-150000 years ago. It is the first time that an archaic Homo sapiens fossil has been unearthed from the Three Gorges Region. Engravings on the Stegodon tusk appear in groups, making up simple and abstract images. It is the earliest known engravings created by human beings; it exhibits great potential for the study of the origin of art and the development of ancient cultures in south China and bears important implications for the origin of modern humans in East Asia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)175-180
Number of pages6
JournalChinese Science Bulletin
Volume49
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2004

Keywords

  • Homo sapiens
  • Ivory engraving
  • Late Middle Pleistocene
  • Primeval art
  • Xinglongdong Cave

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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