1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 induces 25-hydroxyvitamin D3-24-hydroxylase in a cultured monkey kidney cell line (LLC-MK2) apparently deficient in the high affinity receptor for the hormone

J. S. Chandler, S. K. Chandler, J. W. Pike, M. R. Haussler

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33 Scopus citations


A consequence of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25-(OH)2D3) action in kidney is the enhanced production of 24,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (24,25-(OH)2D3). We have studied this apparent induction phenomenon in two established mammalian cell lines of renal origin. A porcine kidney cell line, LLC-PK1, was found to possess typical receptors for 1,25-(OH)2D3 which sediment at 3.3 S and bind to immobilized DNA. Saturation analysis of LLC-PK1 cell cytosol revealed an equilibrium binding constant (K(d)) for 1,25-(OH)2D3 of 7.8 x 10-11 M and a concentration of 5400 binding sites/cell. In the presence of serum, intact LLC-PK1 cells also internalize and bind 1,25-(OH)2D3. In contrast, monkey kidney cell line, LLC-MK2, was found to contain a negligible concentration of the 1,25-(OH)2D3 receptor by all criteria examined. However, both renal cell lines respond to 1,25-(OH)2D3 with a 2- to 20-fold increase in basal levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3-24-hydroxylase (24-hydroxylase) activity. Incubation of viable cell suspensions with 25-hydroxy[26,27-3H]vitamin D3 (0.5 μM) at 37°C for 30 min followed by subsequent analysis of lipid extracts via high performance liquid chromatography was carried out to assess 24,25-(OH)2[3H]D3 formation. Enzyme induction was found to be specific for 1,25-(OH)2D3 in both cell lines with half-maximal stimulation of 24-hydroxylase activity observed at 0.2 and ≥ 1.0 nM 1,25-(OH)2D3 in LLC-PK1 and LLC-MK2, respectively. The response in LLC-PK1 was more rapid (1-4 h) than in LLC-MK2 (4-8 h) following 1,25-(OH)2D3 treatment of cultures in situ. In both cell lines, actinomycin D abolished the 1,25-(OH)2D3-dependent increase in 24-hydroxylase activity. Our results suggest that the high affinity 1,25-(OH)2D3 receptor may not be required for 1,25-(OH)2D3-dependent induction of renal 24-hydroxylase activity. Alternatively, LLC-MK2 cells could contain an atypical form of the 1,25-(OH)2D3 receptor protein which retains functionally but escapes detection by standard binding techniques.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2214-2222
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1984

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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