3.6 and 4.5 μm SPITZER PHASE CURVES of the HIGHLY IRRADIATED HOT JUPITERS WASP-19b and HAT-P-7b

Ian Wong, Heather A. Knutson, Tiffany Kataria, Nikole K. Lewis, Adam Burrows, Jonathan J. Fortney, Joel Schwartz, Avi Shporer, Eric Agol, Nicolas B. Cowan, Drake Deming, Jean Michel Désert, Benjamin J. Fulton, Andrew W. Howard, Jonathan Langton, Gregory Laughlin, Adam Showman, Kamen Todorov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We analyze full-orbit phase curve observations of the transiting hot Jupiters WASP-19b and HAT-P-7b at 3.6 and 4.5 μm, obtained using the Spitzer Space Telescope. For WASP-19b, we measure secondary eclipse depths of and at 3.6 and 4.5 μm, which are consistent with a single blackbody with effective temperature 2372 ± 60 K. The measured 3.6 and 4.5 μm secondary eclipse depths for HAT-P-7b are and , which are well described by a single blackbody with effective temperature 2667 ± 57 K. Comparing the phase curves to the predictions of one-dimensional and three-dimensional atmospheric models, we find that WASP-19b's dayside emission is consistent with a model atmosphere with no dayside thermal inversion and moderately efficient day-night circulation. We also detect an eastward-shifted hotspot, which suggests the presence of a superrotating equatorial jet. In contrast, HAT-P-7b's dayside emission suggests a dayside thermal inversion and relatively inefficient day-night circulation; no hotspot shift is detected. For both planets, these same models do not agree with the measured nightside emission. The discrepancies in the model-data comparisons for WASP-19b might be explained by high-altitude silicate clouds on the nightside and/or high atmospheric metallicity, while the very low 3.6 μm nightside planetary brightness for HAT-P-7b may be indicative of an enhanced global C/O ratio. We compute Bond albedos of 0.38 ± 0.06 and 0 ( at ) for WASP-19b and HAT-P-7b, respectively. In the context of other planets with thermal phase curve measurements, we show that WASP-19b and HAT-P-7b fit the general trend of decreasing day-night heat recirculation with increasing irradiation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number122
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume823
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016

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wasp
Jupiter (planet)
Jupiter
night
eclipses
planets
curves
planet
inversions
Space Infrared Telescope Facility
atmospheric models
three dimensional models
high altitude
albedo
metallicity
silicates
irradiation
brightness
silicate
temperature

Keywords

  • planetary systems
  • stars: individual (WASP-19 and HAT-P-7)
  • techniques: photometric

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Wong, I., Knutson, H. A., Kataria, T., Lewis, N. K., Burrows, A., Fortney, J. J., ... Todorov, K. (2016). 3.6 and 4.5 μm SPITZER PHASE CURVES of the HIGHLY IRRADIATED HOT JUPITERS WASP-19b and HAT-P-7b. Astrophysical Journal, 823(2), [122]. https://doi.org/10.3847/0004-637X/823/2/122

3.6 and 4.5 μm SPITZER PHASE CURVES of the HIGHLY IRRADIATED HOT JUPITERS WASP-19b and HAT-P-7b. / Wong, Ian; Knutson, Heather A.; Kataria, Tiffany; Lewis, Nikole K.; Burrows, Adam; Fortney, Jonathan J.; Schwartz, Joel; Shporer, Avi; Agol, Eric; Cowan, Nicolas B.; Deming, Drake; Désert, Jean Michel; Fulton, Benjamin J.; Howard, Andrew W.; Langton, Jonathan; Laughlin, Gregory; Showman, Adam; Todorov, Kamen.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 823, No. 2, 122, 01.06.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wong, I, Knutson, HA, Kataria, T, Lewis, NK, Burrows, A, Fortney, JJ, Schwartz, J, Shporer, A, Agol, E, Cowan, NB, Deming, D, Désert, JM, Fulton, BJ, Howard, AW, Langton, J, Laughlin, G, Showman, A & Todorov, K 2016, '3.6 and 4.5 μm SPITZER PHASE CURVES of the HIGHLY IRRADIATED HOT JUPITERS WASP-19b and HAT-P-7b', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 823, no. 2, 122. https://doi.org/10.3847/0004-637X/823/2/122
Wong, Ian ; Knutson, Heather A. ; Kataria, Tiffany ; Lewis, Nikole K. ; Burrows, Adam ; Fortney, Jonathan J. ; Schwartz, Joel ; Shporer, Avi ; Agol, Eric ; Cowan, Nicolas B. ; Deming, Drake ; Désert, Jean Michel ; Fulton, Benjamin J. ; Howard, Andrew W. ; Langton, Jonathan ; Laughlin, Gregory ; Showman, Adam ; Todorov, Kamen. / 3.6 and 4.5 μm SPITZER PHASE CURVES of the HIGHLY IRRADIATED HOT JUPITERS WASP-19b and HAT-P-7b. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2016 ; Vol. 823, No. 2.
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AU - Wong, Ian

AU - Knutson, Heather A.

AU - Kataria, Tiffany

AU - Lewis, Nikole K.

AU - Burrows, Adam

AU - Fortney, Jonathan J.

AU - Schwartz, Joel

AU - Shporer, Avi

AU - Agol, Eric

AU - Cowan, Nicolas B.

AU - Deming, Drake

AU - Désert, Jean Michel

AU - Fulton, Benjamin J.

AU - Howard, Andrew W.

AU - Langton, Jonathan

AU - Laughlin, Gregory

AU - Showman, Adam

AU - Todorov, Kamen

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N2 - We analyze full-orbit phase curve observations of the transiting hot Jupiters WASP-19b and HAT-P-7b at 3.6 and 4.5 μm, obtained using the Spitzer Space Telescope. For WASP-19b, we measure secondary eclipse depths of and at 3.6 and 4.5 μm, which are consistent with a single blackbody with effective temperature 2372 ± 60 K. The measured 3.6 and 4.5 μm secondary eclipse depths for HAT-P-7b are and , which are well described by a single blackbody with effective temperature 2667 ± 57 K. Comparing the phase curves to the predictions of one-dimensional and three-dimensional atmospheric models, we find that WASP-19b's dayside emission is consistent with a model atmosphere with no dayside thermal inversion and moderately efficient day-night circulation. We also detect an eastward-shifted hotspot, which suggests the presence of a superrotating equatorial jet. In contrast, HAT-P-7b's dayside emission suggests a dayside thermal inversion and relatively inefficient day-night circulation; no hotspot shift is detected. For both planets, these same models do not agree with the measured nightside emission. The discrepancies in the model-data comparisons for WASP-19b might be explained by high-altitude silicate clouds on the nightside and/or high atmospheric metallicity, while the very low 3.6 μm nightside planetary brightness for HAT-P-7b may be indicative of an enhanced global C/O ratio. We compute Bond albedos of 0.38 ± 0.06 and 0 ( at ) for WASP-19b and HAT-P-7b, respectively. In the context of other planets with thermal phase curve measurements, we show that WASP-19b and HAT-P-7b fit the general trend of decreasing day-night heat recirculation with increasing irradiation.

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KW - planetary systems

KW - stars: individual (WASP-19 and HAT-P-7)

KW - techniques: photometric

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