A 1.3 mm SMA survey of 29 variable young stellar objects

Hauyu Baobab Liu, Michael M. Dunham, Ilaria Pascucci, Tyler L. Bourke, Naomi Hirano, Steven Longmore, Sean Andrews, Carlos Carrasco-González, Jan Forbrich, Roberto Galván-Madrid, Josep M. Girart, Joel D. Green, Carmen Juárez, Ágnes Kóspál, Carlo F. Manara, Aina Palau, Michihiro Takami, Leonardo Testi, Eduard I. Vorobyov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Context. Young stellar objects (YSOs) may undergo periods of active accretion (outbursts), during which the protostellar accretion rate is temporarily enhanced by a few orders of magnitude. Whether or not these accretion outburst YSOs possess similar dust and gas reservoirs to each other, and whether or not their dust and gas reservoirs are similar as quiescent YSOs, are issues yet to be clarified.Aims. The aim of this work is to characterize the millimeter thermal dust emission properties of a statistically significant sample of long and short duration accretion outburst YSOs (i.e., FUors and EXors) and the spectroscopically identified candidates of accretion outbursting YSOs (i.e., FUor-like objects). Methods. We have carried out extensive Submillimeter Array (SMA) observations mostly at ~225 GHz (1.33 mm) and ~272 GHz (1.10 mm), from 2008 to 2017. We covered accretion outburst YSOs located at <1 kpc distances from the solar system. Results. We analyze all the existing SMA data of such objects, both published and unpublished, in a coherent way to present a millimeter interferometric database of 29 objects. We obtained 21 detections at >3σ significance. Detected sources except for the two cases of V883 Ori and NGC 2071 MM3 were observed with ~1″ angular resolution. Overall our observed targets show a systematically higher millimeter luminosity distribution than those of the M > 0.3 MClass II YSOs in the nearby (400 pc) low-mass star-forming molecular clouds (e.g., Taurus, Lupus, Upp Scorpio, and Chameleon I). In addition, at 1 mm our observed confirmed binaries or triple-system sources are systematically fainter than the rest of the sources even though their 1 mm fluxes are broadly distributed. We may have detected ∼30-60% millimeter flux variability from V2494 Cyg and V2495 Cyg, from the observations separated by approximately one year.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Article numberA54
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume612
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2018

Fingerprint

accretion
outburst
dust
angular resolution
molecular clouds
gases
young
luminosity
stars
gas reservoir

Keywords

  • Radio continuum: ISM
  • Stars: formation
  • Stars: variables: T Tauri, Herbig Ae/Be
  • Submillimeter: ISM

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Liu, H. B., Dunham, M. M., Pascucci, I., Bourke, T. L., Hirano, N., Longmore, S., ... Vorobyov, E. I. (2018). A 1.3 mm SMA survey of 29 variable young stellar objects. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 612, [A54]. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201731951

A 1.3 mm SMA survey of 29 variable young stellar objects. / Liu, Hauyu Baobab; Dunham, Michael M.; Pascucci, Ilaria; Bourke, Tyler L.; Hirano, Naomi; Longmore, Steven; Andrews, Sean; Carrasco-González, Carlos; Forbrich, Jan; Galván-Madrid, Roberto; Girart, Josep M.; Green, Joel D.; Juárez, Carmen; Kóspál, Ágnes; Manara, Carlo F.; Palau, Aina; Takami, Michihiro; Testi, Leonardo; Vorobyov, Eduard I.

In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol. 612, A54, 01.04.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Liu, HB, Dunham, MM, Pascucci, I, Bourke, TL, Hirano, N, Longmore, S, Andrews, S, Carrasco-González, C, Forbrich, J, Galván-Madrid, R, Girart, JM, Green, JD, Juárez, C, Kóspál, Á, Manara, CF, Palau, A, Takami, M, Testi, L & Vorobyov, EI 2018, 'A 1.3 mm SMA survey of 29 variable young stellar objects' Astronomy and Astrophysics, vol. 612, A54. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201731951
Liu, Hauyu Baobab ; Dunham, Michael M. ; Pascucci, Ilaria ; Bourke, Tyler L. ; Hirano, Naomi ; Longmore, Steven ; Andrews, Sean ; Carrasco-González, Carlos ; Forbrich, Jan ; Galván-Madrid, Roberto ; Girart, Josep M. ; Green, Joel D. ; Juárez, Carmen ; Kóspál, Ágnes ; Manara, Carlo F. ; Palau, Aina ; Takami, Michihiro ; Testi, Leonardo ; Vorobyov, Eduard I. / A 1.3 mm SMA survey of 29 variable young stellar objects. In: Astronomy and Astrophysics. 2018 ; Vol. 612.
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abstract = "Context. Young stellar objects (YSOs) may undergo periods of active accretion (outbursts), during which the protostellar accretion rate is temporarily enhanced by a few orders of magnitude. Whether or not these accretion outburst YSOs possess similar dust and gas reservoirs to each other, and whether or not their dust and gas reservoirs are similar as quiescent YSOs, are issues yet to be clarified.Aims. The aim of this work is to characterize the millimeter thermal dust emission properties of a statistically significant sample of long and short duration accretion outburst YSOs (i.e., FUors and EXors) and the spectroscopically identified candidates of accretion outbursting YSOs (i.e., FUor-like objects). Methods. We have carried out extensive Submillimeter Array (SMA) observations mostly at ~225 GHz (1.33 mm) and ~272 GHz (1.10 mm), from 2008 to 2017. We covered accretion outburst YSOs located at <1 kpc distances from the solar system. Results. We analyze all the existing SMA data of such objects, both published and unpublished, in a coherent way to present a millimeter interferometric database of 29 objects. We obtained 21 detections at >3σ significance. Detected sources except for the two cases of V883 Ori and NGC 2071 MM3 were observed with ~1″ angular resolution. Overall our observed targets show a systematically higher millimeter luminosity distribution than those of the M∗ > 0.3 MClass II YSOs in the nearby (400 pc) low-mass star-forming molecular clouds (e.g., Taurus, Lupus, Upp Scorpio, and Chameleon I). In addition, at 1 mm our observed confirmed binaries or triple-system sources are systematically fainter than the rest of the sources even though their 1 mm fluxes are broadly distributed. We may have detected ∼30-60{\%} millimeter flux variability from V2494 Cyg and V2495 Cyg, from the observations separated by approximately one year.",
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AU - Dunham, Michael M.

AU - Pascucci, Ilaria

AU - Bourke, Tyler L.

AU - Hirano, Naomi

AU - Longmore, Steven

AU - Andrews, Sean

AU - Carrasco-González, Carlos

AU - Forbrich, Jan

AU - Galván-Madrid, Roberto

AU - Girart, Josep M.

AU - Green, Joel D.

AU - Juárez, Carmen

AU - Kóspál, Ágnes

AU - Manara, Carlo F.

AU - Palau, Aina

AU - Takami, Michihiro

AU - Testi, Leonardo

AU - Vorobyov, Eduard I.

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N2 - Context. Young stellar objects (YSOs) may undergo periods of active accretion (outbursts), during which the protostellar accretion rate is temporarily enhanced by a few orders of magnitude. Whether or not these accretion outburst YSOs possess similar dust and gas reservoirs to each other, and whether or not their dust and gas reservoirs are similar as quiescent YSOs, are issues yet to be clarified.Aims. The aim of this work is to characterize the millimeter thermal dust emission properties of a statistically significant sample of long and short duration accretion outburst YSOs (i.e., FUors and EXors) and the spectroscopically identified candidates of accretion outbursting YSOs (i.e., FUor-like objects). Methods. We have carried out extensive Submillimeter Array (SMA) observations mostly at ~225 GHz (1.33 mm) and ~272 GHz (1.10 mm), from 2008 to 2017. We covered accretion outburst YSOs located at <1 kpc distances from the solar system. Results. We analyze all the existing SMA data of such objects, both published and unpublished, in a coherent way to present a millimeter interferometric database of 29 objects. We obtained 21 detections at >3σ significance. Detected sources except for the two cases of V883 Ori and NGC 2071 MM3 were observed with ~1″ angular resolution. Overall our observed targets show a systematically higher millimeter luminosity distribution than those of the M∗ > 0.3 MClass II YSOs in the nearby (400 pc) low-mass star-forming molecular clouds (e.g., Taurus, Lupus, Upp Scorpio, and Chameleon I). In addition, at 1 mm our observed confirmed binaries or triple-system sources are systematically fainter than the rest of the sources even though their 1 mm fluxes are broadly distributed. We may have detected ∼30-60% millimeter flux variability from V2494 Cyg and V2495 Cyg, from the observations separated by approximately one year.

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KW - Radio continuum: ISM

KW - Stars: formation

KW - Stars: variables: T Tauri, Herbig Ae/Be

KW - Submillimeter: ISM

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