Aim: To establish whether total parenteral nutrition (TPN) for ventilated trauma victims is associated with late-onset acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) independent of ventilation and transfusion parameters. Method: Intensive care unit data over 6 years from a level I centre regarding all trauma victims ≥16 years old who underwent mechanical ventilation within the first 48 h of admission were examined. Patients were prospectively followed for late ARDS. Variables were examined for significant changes over time and independent associations with late ARDS were determined. Results: Of 2346 eligible patients among whom 404 (17.2%) were exposed to TPN, 192 (8.2%) met criteria for late ARDS. The incidence of late ARDS among those exposed to TPN was 28.7% (116/404) compared with 3.9% (76/1942) among those not so exposed. Adjustments for potential confounding associated risk factors were made. Conclusions: TPN administration is independently associated with late ARDS, and its use among critically ill trauma victims should be carefully scrutinised.
- Acute respiratory distress syndrome
- Mechanical ventilation
- Total parenteral nutrition
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Emergency Medicine
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine