A 6-year review of total parenteral nutrition use and association with late-onset acute respiratory distress syndrome among ventilated trauma victims

David Plurad, Donald Green, Kenji Inaba, Howard Belzberg, Demetrios Demetriades, Peter Rhee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aim: To establish whether total parenteral nutrition (TPN) for ventilated trauma victims is associated with late-onset acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) independent of ventilation and transfusion parameters. Method: Intensive care unit data over 6 years from a level I centre regarding all trauma victims ≥16 years old who underwent mechanical ventilation within the first 48 h of admission were examined. Patients were prospectively followed for late ARDS. Variables were examined for significant changes over time and independent associations with late ARDS were determined. Results: Of 2346 eligible patients among whom 404 (17.2%) were exposed to TPN, 192 (8.2%) met criteria for late ARDS. The incidence of late ARDS among those exposed to TPN was 28.7% (116/404) compared with 3.9% (76/1942) among those not so exposed. Adjustments for potential confounding associated risk factors were made. Conclusions: TPN administration is independently associated with late ARDS, and its use among critically ill trauma victims should be carefully scrutinised.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)511-515
Number of pages5
JournalInjury
Volume40
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2009

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Keywords

  • Acute respiratory distress syndrome
  • Mechanical ventilation
  • Total parenteral nutrition
  • Trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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