A Bandwidth-Enhanced, Compact, Single-Feed, Low-Profile, Multilayered, Circularly Polarized Patch Antenna

Ming Chun Tang, Xiaoming Chen, Mei Li, Richard W. Ziolkowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

A bandwidth-enhanced, compact, single-feed, low-profile, multilayered, circularly polarized (CP) patch antenna is presented. A corner-truncated patch is introduced as a near-field resonant parasitic element directly beneath a specially engineered radiation patch. Without sacrificing the antenna's low profile and compact size, its presence not only introduces a new pair of orthogonal near-degenerate resonant modes, but also recovers a similar pair from the cross slot of the main patch. With the aid of both circular slots and meander-line slots on these patches, the resulting three pairs of adjacent near-degenerate modes have been successfully combined with the same clockwise polarization to enhance the CP bandwidth by more than a factor of two when compared to the same-height conventional single-layer patch antennas. Measured results are in good agreement with their simulated values and demonstrate that the reported antenna is low-profile: 0.016 λ achieves a -10-dB impedance bandwidth of ∼4.6%, and a 3-dB axial-ratio bandwidth of about 2.33% along with realized gains of 4.5 ± 0.15 dBi, throughout that bandwidth. Analyses of the current distributions are used to explain the contributions of the parasitic patch, and further simulation studies validate our design guidelines and show its advantages.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7942141
Pages (from-to)2258-2261
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters
Volume16
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Bandwidth
  • circular polarization
  • compact antenna
  • low-profile antenna
  • patch antenna

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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