A chemical indicator of trade wind reversal in corals from the western tropical Pacific

G. T. Shen, L. J. Linn, T. M. Campbell, J. E. Cole, R. G. Fairbanks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Historical levels of manganese have been measured in the annual rings of a reef coral from Tarawa atoll in order to assess the temporal variability of this trace element in surface waters of the western tropical Pacific. Seasonal variability associated with vertical mixing is not apparent as is the case in the eastern Pacific; however, Mn/Ca ratios are highly perturbed during three El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events (1965, 1972, 1976) that occurred within the growth period 1960-1977. For approximately 6 months during each of these vents, Mn/Ca ratios increase by 50-80% from a background of 27 nmol Mn/mol Ca. These features co-occur with negative δ18O pulses recorded in the same coral which result from anomalously abundant rainfall. Wet deposition of Mn, however, does not appear to be an adequate source to account for the inferred surface ocean enrichments. The most plausible explanation has to do with the transient appearance of westerly winds along the equator during ENSO periods. -from Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12,689-12,697
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research
Volume97
Issue numberC8
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

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    Shen, G. T., Linn, L. J., Campbell, T. M., Cole, J. E., & Fairbanks, R. G. (1992). A chemical indicator of trade wind reversal in corals from the western tropical Pacific. Journal of Geophysical Research, 97(C8), 12,689-12,697.