A chemical survey of exoplanets with ARIEL

Giovanna Tinetti, Pierre Drossart, Paul Eccleston, Paul Hartogh, Astrid Heske, Jérémy Leconte, Giusi Micela, Marc Ollivier, Göran Pilbratt, Ludovic Puig, Diego Turrini, Bart Vandenbussche, Paulina Wolkenberg, Jean Philippe Beaulieu, Lars A. Buchave, Martin Ferus, Matt Griffin, Manuel Guedel, Kay Justtanont, Pierre Olivier Lagage & 224 others Pedro Machado, Giuseppe Malaguti, Michiel Min, Hans Ulrik Nørgaard-Nielsen, Mirek Rataj, Tom Ray, Ignasi Ribas, Mark Swain, Robert Szabo, Stephanie Werner, Joanna Barstow, Matt Burleigh, James Cho, Vincent Coudé du Foresto, Athena Coustenis, Leen Decin, Therese Encrenaz, Marina Galand, Michael Gillon, Ravit Helled, Juan Carlos Morales, Antonio García Muñoz, Andrea Moneti, Isabella Pagano, Enzo Pascale, Giuseppe Piccioni, David Pinfield, Subhajit Sarkar, Franck Selsis, Jonathan Tennyson, Amaury Triaud, Olivia Venot, Ingo Waldmann, David Waltham, Gillian Wright, Jerome Amiaux, Jean Louis Auguères, Michel Berthé, Naidu Bezawada, Georgia Bishop, Neil Bowles, Deirdre Coffey, Josep Colomé, Martin Crook, Pierre Elie Crouzet, Vania Da Peppo, Isabel Escudero Sanz, Mauro Focardi, Martin Frericks, Tom Hunt, Ralf Kohley, Kevin Middleton, Gianluca Morgante, Roland Ottensamer, Emanuele Pace, Chris Pearson, Richard Stamper, Kate Symonds, Miriam Rengel, Etienne Renotte, Peter Ade, Laura Affer, Christophe Alard, Nicole Allard, Francesca Altieri, Yves André, Claudio Arena, Ioannis Argyriou, Alan Aylward, Cristian Baccani, Gaspar Bakos, Marek Banaszkiewicz, Mike Barlow, Virginie Batista, Giancarlo Bellucci, Serena Benatti, Pernelle Bernardi, Bruno Bézard, Maria Blecka, Emeline Bolmont, Bertrand Bonfond, Rosaria Bonito, Aldo S. Bonomo, John Robert Brucato, Allan Sacha Brun, Ian Bryson, Waldemar Bujwan, Sarah Casewell, Bejamin Charnay, Cesare Cecchi Pestellini, Guo Chen, Angela Ciaravella, Riccardo Claudi, Rodolphe Clédassou, Mario Damasso, Mario Damiano, Camilla Danielski, Pieter Deroo, Anna Maria Di Giorgio, Carsten Dominik, Vanessa Doublier, Simon Doyle, René Doyon, Benjamin Drummond, Bastien Duong, Stephen Eales, Billy Edwards, Maria Farina, Ettore Flaccomio, Leigh Fletcher, François Forget, Steve Fossey, Markus Fränz, Yuka Fujii, Álvaro García-Piquer, Walter Gear, Hervé Geoffray, Jean Claude Gérard, Lluis Gesa, H. Gomez, Rafał Graczyk, Caitlin Griffith, Denis Grodent, Mario Giuseppe Guarcello, Jacques Gustin, Keiko Hamano, Peter Hargrave, Yann Hello, Kevin Heng, Enrique Herrero, Allan Hornstrup, Benoit Hubert, Shigeru Ida, Masahiro Ikoma, Nicolas Iro, Patrick Irwin, Christopher Jarchow, Jean Jaubert, Hugh Jones, Queyrel Julien, Shingo Kameda, Franz Kerschbaum, Pierre Kervella, Tommi Koskinen, Matthijs Krijger, Norbert Krupp, Marina Lafarga, Federico Landini, Emanuel Lellouch, Giuseppe Leto, A. Luntzer, Theresa Rank-Lüftinger, Antonio Maggio, Jesus Maldonado, Jean Pierre Maillard, Urs Mall, Jean Baptiste Marquette, Stephane Mathis, Pierre Maxted, Taro Matsuo, Alexander Medvedev, Yamila Miguel, Vincent Minier, Giuseppe Morello, Alessandro Mura, Norio Narita, Valerio Nascimbeni, N. Nguyen Tong, Vladimiro Noce, Fabrizio Oliva, Enric Palle, Paul Palmer, Maurizio Pancrazzi, Andreas Papageorgiou, Vivien Parmentier, Manuel Perger, Antonino Petralia, Stefano Pezzuto, Ray Pierrehumbert, Ignazio Pillitteri, Giampaolo Piotto, Giampaolo Pisano, Loredana Prisinzano, Aikaterini Radioti, Jean Michel Réess, Ladislav Rezac, Marco Rocchetto, Albert Rosich, Nicoletta Sanna, Alexandre Santerne, Giorgio Savini, Gaetano Scandariato, Bruno Sicardy, Carles Sierra, Giuseppe Sindoni, Konrad Skup, Ignas Snellen, Mateusz Sobiecki, Lauriane Soret, Alessandro Sozzetti, A. Stiepen, Antoine Strugarek, Jake Taylor, William Taylor, Luca Terenzi, Marcell Tessenyi, Angelos Tsiaras, C. Tucker, Diana Valencia, Gautam Vasisht, Allona Vazan, Francesc Vilardell, Sabrine Vinatier, Serena Viti, Rens Waters, Piotr Wawer, Anna Wawrzaszek, Anthony Whitworth, Yuk L. Yung, Sergey N. Yurchenko, María Rosa Zapatero Osorio, Robert Zellem, Tiziano Zingales, Frans Zwart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Thousands of exoplanets have now been discovered with a huge range of masses, sizes and orbits: from rocky Earth-like planets to large gas giants grazing the surface of their host star. However, the essential nature of these exoplanets remains largely mysterious: there is no known, discernible pattern linking the presence, size, or orbital parameters of a planet to the nature of its parent star. We have little idea whether the chemistry of a planet is linked to its formation environment, or whether the type of host star drives the physics and chemistry of the planet’s birth, and evolution. ARIEL was conceived to observe a large number (~1000) of transiting planets for statistical understanding, including gas giants, Neptunes, super-Earths and Earth-size planets around a range of host star types using transit spectroscopy in the 1.25–7.8 μm spectral range and multiple narrow-band photometry in the optical. ARIEL will focus on warm and hot planets to take advantage of their well-mixed atmospheres which should show minimal condensation and sequestration of high-Z materials compared to their colder Solar System siblings. Said warm and hot atmospheres are expected to be more representative of the planetary bulk composition. Observations of these warm/hot exoplanets, and in particular of their elemental composition (especially C, O, N, S, Si), will allow the understanding of the early stages of planetary and atmospheric formation during the nebular phase and the following few million years. ARIEL will thus provide a representative picture of the chemical nature of the exoplanets and relate this directly to the type and chemical environment of the host star. ARIEL is designed as a dedicated survey mission for combined-light spectroscopy, capable of observing a large and well-defined planet sample within its 4-year mission lifetime. Transit, eclipse and phase-curve spectroscopy methods, whereby the signal from the star and planet are differentiated using knowledge of the planetary ephemerides, allow us to measure atmospheric signals from the planet at levels of 10–100 part per million (ppm) relative to the star and, given the bright nature of targets, also allows more sophisticated techniques, such as eclipse mapping, to give a deeper insight into the nature of the atmosphere. These types of observations require a stable payload and satellite platform with broad, instantaneous wavelength coverage to detect many molecular species, probe the thermal structure, identify clouds and monitor the stellar activity. The wavelength range proposed covers all the expected major atmospheric gases from e.g. H2O, CO2, CH4 NH3, HCN, H2S through to the more exotic metallic compounds, such as TiO, VO, and condensed species. Simulations of ARIEL performance in conducting exoplanet surveys have been performed – using conservative estimates of mission performance and a full model of all significant noise sources in the measurement – using a list of potential ARIEL targets that incorporates the latest available exoplanet statistics. The conclusion at the end of the Phase A study, is that ARIEL – in line with the stated mission objectives – will be able to observe about 1000 exoplanets depending on the details of the adopted survey strategy, thus confirming the feasibility of the main science objectives.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)135-209
Number of pages75
JournalExperimental Astronomy
Volume46
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2018

Fingerprint

extrasolar planets
planets
planet
stars
eclipses
transit
spectroscopy
atmospheres
atmosphere
gases
chemistry
stellar activity
ephemerides
chemical
Neptune (planet)
wavelength
grazing
Neptune
atmospheric gas
payloads

Keywords

  • Exoplanets
  • IR spectroscopy
  • Molecular signatures
  • Space missions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Tinetti, G., Drossart, P., Eccleston, P., Hartogh, P., Heske, A., Leconte, J., ... Zwart, F. (2018). A chemical survey of exoplanets with ARIEL. Experimental Astronomy, 46(1), 135-209. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10686-018-9598-x

A chemical survey of exoplanets with ARIEL. / Tinetti, Giovanna; Drossart, Pierre; Eccleston, Paul; Hartogh, Paul; Heske, Astrid; Leconte, Jérémy; Micela, Giusi; Ollivier, Marc; Pilbratt, Göran; Puig, Ludovic; Turrini, Diego; Vandenbussche, Bart; Wolkenberg, Paulina; Beaulieu, Jean Philippe; Buchave, Lars A.; Ferus, Martin; Griffin, Matt; Guedel, Manuel; Justtanont, Kay; Lagage, Pierre Olivier; Machado, Pedro; Malaguti, Giuseppe; Min, Michiel; Nørgaard-Nielsen, Hans Ulrik; Rataj, Mirek; Ray, Tom; Ribas, Ignasi; Swain, Mark; Szabo, Robert; Werner, Stephanie; Barstow, Joanna; Burleigh, Matt; Cho, James; du Foresto, Vincent Coudé; Coustenis, Athena; Decin, Leen; Encrenaz, Therese; Galand, Marina; Gillon, Michael; Helled, Ravit; Morales, Juan Carlos; Muñoz, Antonio García; Moneti, Andrea; Pagano, Isabella; Pascale, Enzo; Piccioni, Giuseppe; Pinfield, David; Sarkar, Subhajit; Selsis, Franck; Tennyson, Jonathan; Triaud, Amaury; Venot, Olivia; Waldmann, Ingo; Waltham, David; Wright, Gillian; Amiaux, Jerome; Auguères, Jean Louis; Berthé, Michel; Bezawada, Naidu; Bishop, Georgia; Bowles, Neil; Coffey, Deirdre; Colomé, Josep; Crook, Martin; Crouzet, Pierre Elie; Da Peppo, Vania; Sanz, Isabel Escudero; Focardi, Mauro; Frericks, Martin; Hunt, Tom; Kohley, Ralf; Middleton, Kevin; Morgante, Gianluca; Ottensamer, Roland; Pace, Emanuele; Pearson, Chris; Stamper, Richard; Symonds, Kate; Rengel, Miriam; Renotte, Etienne; Ade, Peter; Affer, Laura; Alard, Christophe; Allard, Nicole; Altieri, Francesca; André, Yves; Arena, Claudio; Argyriou, Ioannis; Aylward, Alan; Baccani, Cristian; Bakos, Gaspar; Banaszkiewicz, Marek; Barlow, Mike; Batista, Virginie; Bellucci, Giancarlo; Benatti, Serena; Bernardi, Pernelle; Bézard, Bruno; Blecka, Maria; Bolmont, Emeline; Bonfond, Bertrand; Bonito, Rosaria; Bonomo, Aldo S.; Brucato, John Robert; Brun, Allan Sacha; Bryson, Ian; Bujwan, Waldemar; Casewell, Sarah; Charnay, Bejamin; Pestellini, Cesare Cecchi; Chen, Guo; Ciaravella, Angela; Claudi, Riccardo; Clédassou, Rodolphe; Damasso, Mario; Damiano, Mario; Danielski, Camilla; Deroo, Pieter; Di Giorgio, Anna Maria; Dominik, Carsten; Doublier, Vanessa; Doyle, Simon; Doyon, René; Drummond, Benjamin; Duong, Bastien; Eales, Stephen; Edwards, Billy; Farina, Maria; Flaccomio, Ettore; Fletcher, Leigh; Forget, François; Fossey, Steve; Fränz, Markus; Fujii, Yuka; García-Piquer, Álvaro; Gear, Walter; Geoffray, Hervé; Gérard, Jean Claude; Gesa, Lluis; Gomez, H.; Graczyk, Rafał; Griffith, Caitlin; Grodent, Denis; Guarcello, Mario Giuseppe; Gustin, Jacques; Hamano, Keiko; Hargrave, Peter; Hello, Yann; Heng, Kevin; Herrero, Enrique; Hornstrup, Allan; Hubert, Benoit; Ida, Shigeru; Ikoma, Masahiro; Iro, Nicolas; Irwin, Patrick; Jarchow, Christopher; Jaubert, Jean; Jones, Hugh; Julien, Queyrel; Kameda, Shingo; Kerschbaum, Franz; Kervella, Pierre; Koskinen, Tommi; Krijger, Matthijs; Krupp, Norbert; Lafarga, Marina; Landini, Federico; Lellouch, Emanuel; Leto, Giuseppe; Luntzer, A.; Rank-Lüftinger, Theresa; Maggio, Antonio; Maldonado, Jesus; Maillard, Jean Pierre; Mall, Urs; Marquette, Jean Baptiste; Mathis, Stephane; Maxted, Pierre; Matsuo, Taro; Medvedev, Alexander; Miguel, Yamila; Minier, Vincent; Morello, Giuseppe; Mura, Alessandro; Narita, Norio; Nascimbeni, Valerio; Nguyen Tong, N.; Noce, Vladimiro; Oliva, Fabrizio; Palle, Enric; Palmer, Paul; Pancrazzi, Maurizio; Papageorgiou, Andreas; Parmentier, Vivien; Perger, Manuel; Petralia, Antonino; Pezzuto, Stefano; Pierrehumbert, Ray; Pillitteri, Ignazio; Piotto, Giampaolo; Pisano, Giampaolo; Prisinzano, Loredana; Radioti, Aikaterini; Réess, Jean Michel; Rezac, Ladislav; Rocchetto, Marco; Rosich, Albert; Sanna, Nicoletta; Santerne, Alexandre; Savini, Giorgio; Scandariato, Gaetano; Sicardy, Bruno; Sierra, Carles; Sindoni, Giuseppe; Skup, Konrad; Snellen, Ignas; Sobiecki, Mateusz; Soret, Lauriane; Sozzetti, Alessandro; Stiepen, A.; Strugarek, Antoine; Taylor, Jake; Taylor, William; Terenzi, Luca; Tessenyi, Marcell; Tsiaras, Angelos; Tucker, C.; Valencia, Diana; Vasisht, Gautam; Vazan, Allona; Vilardell, Francesc; Vinatier, Sabrine; Viti, Serena; Waters, Rens; Wawer, Piotr; Wawrzaszek, Anna; Whitworth, Anthony; Yung, Yuk L.; Yurchenko, Sergey N.; Osorio, María Rosa Zapatero; Zellem, Robert; Zingales, Tiziano; Zwart, Frans.

In: Experimental Astronomy, Vol. 46, No. 1, 01.11.2018, p. 135-209.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tinetti, G, Drossart, P, Eccleston, P, Hartogh, P, Heske, A, Leconte, J, Micela, G, Ollivier, M, Pilbratt, G, Puig, L, Turrini, D, Vandenbussche, B, Wolkenberg, P, Beaulieu, JP, Buchave, LA, Ferus, M, Griffin, M, Guedel, M, Justtanont, K, Lagage, PO, Machado, P, Malaguti, G, Min, M, Nørgaard-Nielsen, HU, Rataj, M, Ray, T, Ribas, I, Swain, M, Szabo, R, Werner, S, Barstow, J, Burleigh, M, Cho, J, du Foresto, VC, Coustenis, A, Decin, L, Encrenaz, T, Galand, M, Gillon, M, Helled, R, Morales, JC, Muñoz, AG, Moneti, A, Pagano, I, Pascale, E, Piccioni, G, Pinfield, D, Sarkar, S, Selsis, F, Tennyson, J, Triaud, A, Venot, O, Waldmann, I, Waltham, D, Wright, G, Amiaux, J, Auguères, JL, Berthé, M, Bezawada, N, Bishop, G, Bowles, N, Coffey, D, Colomé, J, Crook, M, Crouzet, PE, Da Peppo, V, Sanz, IE, Focardi, M, Frericks, M, Hunt, T, Kohley, R, Middleton, K, Morgante, G, Ottensamer, R, Pace, E, Pearson, C, Stamper, R, Symonds, K, Rengel, M, Renotte, E, Ade, P, Affer, L, Alard, C, Allard, N, Altieri, F, André, Y, Arena, C, Argyriou, I, Aylward, A, Baccani, C, Bakos, G, Banaszkiewicz, M, Barlow, M, Batista, V, Bellucci, G, Benatti, S, Bernardi, P, Bézard, B, Blecka, M, Bolmont, E, Bonfond, B, Bonito, R, Bonomo, AS, Brucato, JR, Brun, AS, Bryson, I, Bujwan, W, Casewell, S, Charnay, B, Pestellini, CC, Chen, G, Ciaravella, A, Claudi, R, Clédassou, R, Damasso, M, Damiano, M, Danielski, C, Deroo, P, Di Giorgio, AM, Dominik, C, Doublier, V, Doyle, S, Doyon, R, Drummond, B, Duong, B, Eales, S, Edwards, B, Farina, M, Flaccomio, E, Fletcher, L, Forget, F, Fossey, S, Fränz, M, Fujii, Y, García-Piquer, Á, Gear, W, Geoffray, H, Gérard, JC, Gesa, L, Gomez, H, Graczyk, R, Griffith, C, Grodent, D, Guarcello, MG, Gustin, J, Hamano, K, Hargrave, P, Hello, Y, Heng, K, Herrero, E, Hornstrup, A, Hubert, B, Ida, S, Ikoma, M, Iro, N, Irwin, P, Jarchow, C, Jaubert, J, Jones, H, Julien, Q, Kameda, S, Kerschbaum, F, Kervella, P, Koskinen, T, Krijger, M, Krupp, N, Lafarga, M, Landini, F, Lellouch, E, Leto, G, Luntzer, A, Rank-Lüftinger, T, Maggio, A, Maldonado, J, Maillard, JP, Mall, U, Marquette, JB, Mathis, S, Maxted, P, Matsuo, T, Medvedev, A, Miguel, Y, Minier, V, Morello, G, Mura, A, Narita, N, Nascimbeni, V, Nguyen Tong, N, Noce, V, Oliva, F, Palle, E, Palmer, P, Pancrazzi, M, Papageorgiou, A, Parmentier, V, Perger, M, Petralia, A, Pezzuto, S, Pierrehumbert, R, Pillitteri, I, Piotto, G, Pisano, G, Prisinzano, L, Radioti, A, Réess, JM, Rezac, L, Rocchetto, M, Rosich, A, Sanna, N, Santerne, A, Savini, G, Scandariato, G, Sicardy, B, Sierra, C, Sindoni, G, Skup, K, Snellen, I, Sobiecki, M, Soret, L, Sozzetti, A, Stiepen, A, Strugarek, A, Taylor, J, Taylor, W, Terenzi, L, Tessenyi, M, Tsiaras, A, Tucker, C, Valencia, D, Vasisht, G, Vazan, A, Vilardell, F, Vinatier, S, Viti, S, Waters, R, Wawer, P, Wawrzaszek, A, Whitworth, A, Yung, YL, Yurchenko, SN, Osorio, MRZ, Zellem, R, Zingales, T & Zwart, F 2018, 'A chemical survey of exoplanets with ARIEL', Experimental Astronomy, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 135-209. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10686-018-9598-x
Tinetti G, Drossart P, Eccleston P, Hartogh P, Heske A, Leconte J et al. A chemical survey of exoplanets with ARIEL. Experimental Astronomy. 2018 Nov 1;46(1):135-209. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10686-018-9598-x
Tinetti, Giovanna ; Drossart, Pierre ; Eccleston, Paul ; Hartogh, Paul ; Heske, Astrid ; Leconte, Jérémy ; Micela, Giusi ; Ollivier, Marc ; Pilbratt, Göran ; Puig, Ludovic ; Turrini, Diego ; Vandenbussche, Bart ; Wolkenberg, Paulina ; Beaulieu, Jean Philippe ; Buchave, Lars A. ; Ferus, Martin ; Griffin, Matt ; Guedel, Manuel ; Justtanont, Kay ; Lagage, Pierre Olivier ; Machado, Pedro ; Malaguti, Giuseppe ; Min, Michiel ; Nørgaard-Nielsen, Hans Ulrik ; Rataj, Mirek ; Ray, Tom ; Ribas, Ignasi ; Swain, Mark ; Szabo, Robert ; Werner, Stephanie ; Barstow, Joanna ; Burleigh, Matt ; Cho, James ; du Foresto, Vincent Coudé ; Coustenis, Athena ; Decin, Leen ; Encrenaz, Therese ; Galand, Marina ; Gillon, Michael ; Helled, Ravit ; Morales, Juan Carlos ; Muñoz, Antonio García ; Moneti, Andrea ; Pagano, Isabella ; Pascale, Enzo ; Piccioni, Giuseppe ; Pinfield, David ; Sarkar, Subhajit ; Selsis, Franck ; Tennyson, Jonathan ; Triaud, Amaury ; Venot, Olivia ; Waldmann, Ingo ; Waltham, David ; Wright, Gillian ; Amiaux, Jerome ; Auguères, Jean Louis ; Berthé, Michel ; Bezawada, Naidu ; Bishop, Georgia ; Bowles, Neil ; Coffey, Deirdre ; Colomé, Josep ; Crook, Martin ; Crouzet, Pierre Elie ; Da Peppo, Vania ; Sanz, Isabel Escudero ; Focardi, Mauro ; Frericks, Martin ; Hunt, Tom ; Kohley, Ralf ; Middleton, Kevin ; Morgante, Gianluca ; Ottensamer, Roland ; Pace, Emanuele ; Pearson, Chris ; Stamper, Richard ; Symonds, Kate ; Rengel, Miriam ; Renotte, Etienne ; Ade, Peter ; Affer, Laura ; Alard, Christophe ; Allard, Nicole ; Altieri, Francesca ; André, Yves ; Arena, Claudio ; Argyriou, Ioannis ; Aylward, Alan ; Baccani, Cristian ; Bakos, Gaspar ; Banaszkiewicz, Marek ; Barlow, Mike ; Batista, Virginie ; Bellucci, Giancarlo ; Benatti, Serena ; Bernardi, Pernelle ; Bézard, Bruno ; Blecka, Maria ; Bolmont, Emeline ; Bonfond, Bertrand ; Bonito, Rosaria ; Bonomo, Aldo S. ; Brucato, John Robert ; Brun, Allan Sacha ; Bryson, Ian ; Bujwan, Waldemar ; Casewell, Sarah ; Charnay, Bejamin ; Pestellini, Cesare Cecchi ; Chen, Guo ; Ciaravella, Angela ; Claudi, Riccardo ; Clédassou, Rodolphe ; Damasso, Mario ; Damiano, Mario ; Danielski, Camilla ; Deroo, Pieter ; Di Giorgio, Anna Maria ; Dominik, Carsten ; Doublier, Vanessa ; Doyle, Simon ; Doyon, René ; Drummond, Benjamin ; Duong, Bastien ; Eales, Stephen ; Edwards, Billy ; Farina, Maria ; Flaccomio, Ettore ; Fletcher, Leigh ; Forget, François ; Fossey, Steve ; Fränz, Markus ; Fujii, Yuka ; García-Piquer, Álvaro ; Gear, Walter ; Geoffray, Hervé ; Gérard, Jean Claude ; Gesa, Lluis ; Gomez, H. ; Graczyk, Rafał ; Griffith, Caitlin ; Grodent, Denis ; Guarcello, Mario Giuseppe ; Gustin, Jacques ; Hamano, Keiko ; Hargrave, Peter ; Hello, Yann ; Heng, Kevin ; Herrero, Enrique ; Hornstrup, Allan ; Hubert, Benoit ; Ida, Shigeru ; Ikoma, Masahiro ; Iro, Nicolas ; Irwin, Patrick ; Jarchow, Christopher ; Jaubert, Jean ; Jones, Hugh ; Julien, Queyrel ; Kameda, Shingo ; Kerschbaum, Franz ; Kervella, Pierre ; Koskinen, Tommi ; Krijger, Matthijs ; Krupp, Norbert ; Lafarga, Marina ; Landini, Federico ; Lellouch, Emanuel ; Leto, Giuseppe ; Luntzer, A. ; Rank-Lüftinger, Theresa ; Maggio, Antonio ; Maldonado, Jesus ; Maillard, Jean Pierre ; Mall, Urs ; Marquette, Jean Baptiste ; Mathis, Stephane ; Maxted, Pierre ; Matsuo, Taro ; Medvedev, Alexander ; Miguel, Yamila ; Minier, Vincent ; Morello, Giuseppe ; Mura, Alessandro ; Narita, Norio ; Nascimbeni, Valerio ; Nguyen Tong, N. ; Noce, Vladimiro ; Oliva, Fabrizio ; Palle, Enric ; Palmer, Paul ; Pancrazzi, Maurizio ; Papageorgiou, Andreas ; Parmentier, Vivien ; Perger, Manuel ; Petralia, Antonino ; Pezzuto, Stefano ; Pierrehumbert, Ray ; Pillitteri, Ignazio ; Piotto, Giampaolo ; Pisano, Giampaolo ; Prisinzano, Loredana ; Radioti, Aikaterini ; Réess, Jean Michel ; Rezac, Ladislav ; Rocchetto, Marco ; Rosich, Albert ; Sanna, Nicoletta ; Santerne, Alexandre ; Savini, Giorgio ; Scandariato, Gaetano ; Sicardy, Bruno ; Sierra, Carles ; Sindoni, Giuseppe ; Skup, Konrad ; Snellen, Ignas ; Sobiecki, Mateusz ; Soret, Lauriane ; Sozzetti, Alessandro ; Stiepen, A. ; Strugarek, Antoine ; Taylor, Jake ; Taylor, William ; Terenzi, Luca ; Tessenyi, Marcell ; Tsiaras, Angelos ; Tucker, C. ; Valencia, Diana ; Vasisht, Gautam ; Vazan, Allona ; Vilardell, Francesc ; Vinatier, Sabrine ; Viti, Serena ; Waters, Rens ; Wawer, Piotr ; Wawrzaszek, Anna ; Whitworth, Anthony ; Yung, Yuk L. ; Yurchenko, Sergey N. ; Osorio, María Rosa Zapatero ; Zellem, Robert ; Zingales, Tiziano ; Zwart, Frans. / A chemical survey of exoplanets with ARIEL. In: Experimental Astronomy. 2018 ; Vol. 46, No. 1. pp. 135-209.
@article{76a087c50b8345c699df3452b8d9f22e,
title = "A chemical survey of exoplanets with ARIEL",
abstract = "Thousands of exoplanets have now been discovered with a huge range of masses, sizes and orbits: from rocky Earth-like planets to large gas giants grazing the surface of their host star. However, the essential nature of these exoplanets remains largely mysterious: there is no known, discernible pattern linking the presence, size, or orbital parameters of a planet to the nature of its parent star. We have little idea whether the chemistry of a planet is linked to its formation environment, or whether the type of host star drives the physics and chemistry of the planet’s birth, and evolution. ARIEL was conceived to observe a large number (~1000) of transiting planets for statistical understanding, including gas giants, Neptunes, super-Earths and Earth-size planets around a range of host star types using transit spectroscopy in the 1.25–7.8 μm spectral range and multiple narrow-band photometry in the optical. ARIEL will focus on warm and hot planets to take advantage of their well-mixed atmospheres which should show minimal condensation and sequestration of high-Z materials compared to their colder Solar System siblings. Said warm and hot atmospheres are expected to be more representative of the planetary bulk composition. Observations of these warm/hot exoplanets, and in particular of their elemental composition (especially C, O, N, S, Si), will allow the understanding of the early stages of planetary and atmospheric formation during the nebular phase and the following few million years. ARIEL will thus provide a representative picture of the chemical nature of the exoplanets and relate this directly to the type and chemical environment of the host star. ARIEL is designed as a dedicated survey mission for combined-light spectroscopy, capable of observing a large and well-defined planet sample within its 4-year mission lifetime. Transit, eclipse and phase-curve spectroscopy methods, whereby the signal from the star and planet are differentiated using knowledge of the planetary ephemerides, allow us to measure atmospheric signals from the planet at levels of 10–100 part per million (ppm) relative to the star and, given the bright nature of targets, also allows more sophisticated techniques, such as eclipse mapping, to give a deeper insight into the nature of the atmosphere. These types of observations require a stable payload and satellite platform with broad, instantaneous wavelength coverage to detect many molecular species, probe the thermal structure, identify clouds and monitor the stellar activity. The wavelength range proposed covers all the expected major atmospheric gases from e.g. H2O, CO2, CH4 NH3, HCN, H2S through to the more exotic metallic compounds, such as TiO, VO, and condensed species. Simulations of ARIEL performance in conducting exoplanet surveys have been performed – using conservative estimates of mission performance and a full model of all significant noise sources in the measurement – using a list of potential ARIEL targets that incorporates the latest available exoplanet statistics. The conclusion at the end of the Phase A study, is that ARIEL – in line with the stated mission objectives – will be able to observe about 1000 exoplanets depending on the details of the adopted survey strategy, thus confirming the feasibility of the main science objectives.",
keywords = "Exoplanets, IR spectroscopy, Molecular signatures, Space missions",
author = "Giovanna Tinetti and Pierre Drossart and Paul Eccleston and Paul Hartogh and Astrid Heske and J{\'e}r{\'e}my Leconte and Giusi Micela and Marc Ollivier and G{\"o}ran Pilbratt and Ludovic Puig and Diego Turrini and Bart Vandenbussche and Paulina Wolkenberg and Beaulieu, {Jean Philippe} and Buchave, {Lars A.} and Martin Ferus and Matt Griffin and Manuel Guedel and Kay Justtanont and Lagage, {Pierre Olivier} and Pedro Machado and Giuseppe Malaguti and Michiel Min and N{\o}rgaard-Nielsen, {Hans Ulrik} and Mirek Rataj and Tom Ray and Ignasi Ribas and Mark Swain and Robert Szabo and Stephanie Werner and Joanna Barstow and Matt Burleigh and James Cho and {du Foresto}, {Vincent Coud{\'e}} and Athena Coustenis and Leen Decin and Therese Encrenaz and Marina Galand and Michael Gillon and Ravit Helled and Morales, {Juan Carlos} and Mu{\~n}oz, {Antonio Garc{\'i}a} and Andrea Moneti and Isabella Pagano and Enzo Pascale and Giuseppe Piccioni and David Pinfield and Subhajit Sarkar and Franck Selsis and Jonathan Tennyson and Amaury Triaud and Olivia Venot and Ingo Waldmann and David Waltham and Gillian Wright and Jerome Amiaux and Augu{\`e}res, {Jean Louis} and Michel Berth{\'e} and Naidu Bezawada and Georgia Bishop and Neil Bowles and Deirdre Coffey and Josep Colom{\'e} and Martin Crook and Crouzet, {Pierre Elie} and {Da Peppo}, Vania and Sanz, {Isabel Escudero} and Mauro Focardi and Martin Frericks and Tom Hunt and Ralf Kohley and Kevin Middleton and Gianluca Morgante and Roland Ottensamer and Emanuele Pace and Chris Pearson and Richard Stamper and Kate Symonds and Miriam Rengel and Etienne Renotte and Peter Ade and Laura Affer and Christophe Alard and Nicole Allard and Francesca Altieri and Yves Andr{\'e} and Claudio Arena and Ioannis Argyriou and Alan Aylward and Cristian Baccani and Gaspar Bakos and Marek Banaszkiewicz and Mike Barlow and Virginie Batista and Giancarlo Bellucci and Serena Benatti and Pernelle Bernardi and Bruno B{\'e}zard and Maria Blecka and Emeline Bolmont and Bertrand Bonfond and Rosaria Bonito and Bonomo, {Aldo S.} and Brucato, {John Robert} and Brun, {Allan Sacha} and Ian Bryson and Waldemar Bujwan and Sarah Casewell and Bejamin Charnay and Pestellini, {Cesare Cecchi} and Guo Chen and Angela Ciaravella and Riccardo Claudi and Rodolphe Cl{\'e}dassou and Mario Damasso and Mario Damiano and Camilla Danielski and Pieter Deroo and {Di Giorgio}, {Anna Maria} and Carsten Dominik and Vanessa Doublier and Simon Doyle and Ren{\'e} Doyon and Benjamin Drummond and Bastien Duong and Stephen Eales and Billy Edwards and Maria Farina and Ettore Flaccomio and Leigh Fletcher and Fran{\cc}ois Forget and Steve Fossey and Markus Fr{\"a}nz and Yuka Fujii and {\'A}lvaro Garc{\'i}a-Piquer and Walter Gear and Herv{\'e} Geoffray and G{\'e}rard, {Jean Claude} and Lluis Gesa and H. Gomez and Rafał Graczyk and Caitlin Griffith and Denis Grodent and Guarcello, {Mario Giuseppe} and Jacques Gustin and Keiko Hamano and Peter Hargrave and Yann Hello and Kevin Heng and Enrique Herrero and Allan Hornstrup and Benoit Hubert and Shigeru Ida and Masahiro Ikoma and Nicolas Iro and Patrick Irwin and Christopher Jarchow and Jean Jaubert and Hugh Jones and Queyrel Julien and Shingo Kameda and Franz Kerschbaum and Pierre Kervella and Tommi Koskinen and Matthijs Krijger and Norbert Krupp and Marina Lafarga and Federico Landini and Emanuel Lellouch and Giuseppe Leto and A. Luntzer and Theresa Rank-L{\"u}ftinger and Antonio Maggio and Jesus Maldonado and Maillard, {Jean Pierre} and Urs Mall and Marquette, {Jean Baptiste} and Stephane Mathis and Pierre Maxted and Taro Matsuo and Alexander Medvedev and Yamila Miguel and Vincent Minier and Giuseppe Morello and Alessandro Mura and Norio Narita and Valerio Nascimbeni and {Nguyen Tong}, N. and Vladimiro Noce and Fabrizio Oliva and Enric Palle and Paul Palmer and Maurizio Pancrazzi and Andreas Papageorgiou and Vivien Parmentier and Manuel Perger and Antonino Petralia and Stefano Pezzuto and Ray Pierrehumbert and Ignazio Pillitteri and Giampaolo Piotto and Giampaolo Pisano and Loredana Prisinzano and Aikaterini Radioti and R{\'e}ess, {Jean Michel} and Ladislav Rezac and Marco Rocchetto and Albert Rosich and Nicoletta Sanna and Alexandre Santerne and Giorgio Savini and Gaetano Scandariato and Bruno Sicardy and Carles Sierra and Giuseppe Sindoni and Konrad Skup and Ignas Snellen and Mateusz Sobiecki and Lauriane Soret and Alessandro Sozzetti and A. Stiepen and Antoine Strugarek and Jake Taylor and William Taylor and Luca Terenzi and Marcell Tessenyi and Angelos Tsiaras and C. Tucker and Diana Valencia and Gautam Vasisht and Allona Vazan and Francesc Vilardell and Sabrine Vinatier and Serena Viti and Rens Waters and Piotr Wawer and Anna Wawrzaszek and Anthony Whitworth and Yung, {Yuk L.} and Yurchenko, {Sergey N.} and Osorio, {Mar{\'i}a Rosa Zapatero} and Robert Zellem and Tiziano Zingales and Frans Zwart",
year = "2018",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s10686-018-9598-x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "46",
pages = "135--209",
journal = "Experimental Astronomy",
issn = "0922-6435",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A chemical survey of exoplanets with ARIEL

AU - Tinetti, Giovanna

AU - Drossart, Pierre

AU - Eccleston, Paul

AU - Hartogh, Paul

AU - Heske, Astrid

AU - Leconte, Jérémy

AU - Micela, Giusi

AU - Ollivier, Marc

AU - Pilbratt, Göran

AU - Puig, Ludovic

AU - Turrini, Diego

AU - Vandenbussche, Bart

AU - Wolkenberg, Paulina

AU - Beaulieu, Jean Philippe

AU - Buchave, Lars A.

AU - Ferus, Martin

AU - Griffin, Matt

AU - Guedel, Manuel

AU - Justtanont, Kay

AU - Lagage, Pierre Olivier

AU - Machado, Pedro

AU - Malaguti, Giuseppe

AU - Min, Michiel

AU - Nørgaard-Nielsen, Hans Ulrik

AU - Rataj, Mirek

AU - Ray, Tom

AU - Ribas, Ignasi

AU - Swain, Mark

AU - Szabo, Robert

AU - Werner, Stephanie

AU - Barstow, Joanna

AU - Burleigh, Matt

AU - Cho, James

AU - du Foresto, Vincent Coudé

AU - Coustenis, Athena

AU - Decin, Leen

AU - Encrenaz, Therese

AU - Galand, Marina

AU - Gillon, Michael

AU - Helled, Ravit

AU - Morales, Juan Carlos

AU - Muñoz, Antonio García

AU - Moneti, Andrea

AU - Pagano, Isabella

AU - Pascale, Enzo

AU - Piccioni, Giuseppe

AU - Pinfield, David

AU - Sarkar, Subhajit

AU - Selsis, Franck

AU - Tennyson, Jonathan

AU - Triaud, Amaury

AU - Venot, Olivia

AU - Waldmann, Ingo

AU - Waltham, David

AU - Wright, Gillian

AU - Amiaux, Jerome

AU - Auguères, Jean Louis

AU - Berthé, Michel

AU - Bezawada, Naidu

AU - Bishop, Georgia

AU - Bowles, Neil

AU - Coffey, Deirdre

AU - Colomé, Josep

AU - Crook, Martin

AU - Crouzet, Pierre Elie

AU - Da Peppo, Vania

AU - Sanz, Isabel Escudero

AU - Focardi, Mauro

AU - Frericks, Martin

AU - Hunt, Tom

AU - Kohley, Ralf

AU - Middleton, Kevin

AU - Morgante, Gianluca

AU - Ottensamer, Roland

AU - Pace, Emanuele

AU - Pearson, Chris

AU - Stamper, Richard

AU - Symonds, Kate

AU - Rengel, Miriam

AU - Renotte, Etienne

AU - Ade, Peter

AU - Affer, Laura

AU - Alard, Christophe

AU - Allard, Nicole

AU - Altieri, Francesca

AU - André, Yves

AU - Arena, Claudio

AU - Argyriou, Ioannis

AU - Aylward, Alan

AU - Baccani, Cristian

AU - Bakos, Gaspar

AU - Banaszkiewicz, Marek

AU - Barlow, Mike

AU - Batista, Virginie

AU - Bellucci, Giancarlo

AU - Benatti, Serena

AU - Bernardi, Pernelle

AU - Bézard, Bruno

AU - Blecka, Maria

AU - Bolmont, Emeline

AU - Bonfond, Bertrand

AU - Bonito, Rosaria

AU - Bonomo, Aldo S.

AU - Brucato, John Robert

AU - Brun, Allan Sacha

AU - Bryson, Ian

AU - Bujwan, Waldemar

AU - Casewell, Sarah

AU - Charnay, Bejamin

AU - Pestellini, Cesare Cecchi

AU - Chen, Guo

AU - Ciaravella, Angela

AU - Claudi, Riccardo

AU - Clédassou, Rodolphe

AU - Damasso, Mario

AU - Damiano, Mario

AU - Danielski, Camilla

AU - Deroo, Pieter

AU - Di Giorgio, Anna Maria

AU - Dominik, Carsten

AU - Doublier, Vanessa

AU - Doyle, Simon

AU - Doyon, René

AU - Drummond, Benjamin

AU - Duong, Bastien

AU - Eales, Stephen

AU - Edwards, Billy

AU - Farina, Maria

AU - Flaccomio, Ettore

AU - Fletcher, Leigh

AU - Forget, François

AU - Fossey, Steve

AU - Fränz, Markus

AU - Fujii, Yuka

AU - García-Piquer, Álvaro

AU - Gear, Walter

AU - Geoffray, Hervé

AU - Gérard, Jean Claude

AU - Gesa, Lluis

AU - Gomez, H.

AU - Graczyk, Rafał

AU - Griffith, Caitlin

AU - Grodent, Denis

AU - Guarcello, Mario Giuseppe

AU - Gustin, Jacques

AU - Hamano, Keiko

AU - Hargrave, Peter

AU - Hello, Yann

AU - Heng, Kevin

AU - Herrero, Enrique

AU - Hornstrup, Allan

AU - Hubert, Benoit

AU - Ida, Shigeru

AU - Ikoma, Masahiro

AU - Iro, Nicolas

AU - Irwin, Patrick

AU - Jarchow, Christopher

AU - Jaubert, Jean

AU - Jones, Hugh

AU - Julien, Queyrel

AU - Kameda, Shingo

AU - Kerschbaum, Franz

AU - Kervella, Pierre

AU - Koskinen, Tommi

AU - Krijger, Matthijs

AU - Krupp, Norbert

AU - Lafarga, Marina

AU - Landini, Federico

AU - Lellouch, Emanuel

AU - Leto, Giuseppe

AU - Luntzer, A.

AU - Rank-Lüftinger, Theresa

AU - Maggio, Antonio

AU - Maldonado, Jesus

AU - Maillard, Jean Pierre

AU - Mall, Urs

AU - Marquette, Jean Baptiste

AU - Mathis, Stephane

AU - Maxted, Pierre

AU - Matsuo, Taro

AU - Medvedev, Alexander

AU - Miguel, Yamila

AU - Minier, Vincent

AU - Morello, Giuseppe

AU - Mura, Alessandro

AU - Narita, Norio

AU - Nascimbeni, Valerio

AU - Nguyen Tong, N.

AU - Noce, Vladimiro

AU - Oliva, Fabrizio

AU - Palle, Enric

AU - Palmer, Paul

AU - Pancrazzi, Maurizio

AU - Papageorgiou, Andreas

AU - Parmentier, Vivien

AU - Perger, Manuel

AU - Petralia, Antonino

AU - Pezzuto, Stefano

AU - Pierrehumbert, Ray

AU - Pillitteri, Ignazio

AU - Piotto, Giampaolo

AU - Pisano, Giampaolo

AU - Prisinzano, Loredana

AU - Radioti, Aikaterini

AU - Réess, Jean Michel

AU - Rezac, Ladislav

AU - Rocchetto, Marco

AU - Rosich, Albert

AU - Sanna, Nicoletta

AU - Santerne, Alexandre

AU - Savini, Giorgio

AU - Scandariato, Gaetano

AU - Sicardy, Bruno

AU - Sierra, Carles

AU - Sindoni, Giuseppe

AU - Skup, Konrad

AU - Snellen, Ignas

AU - Sobiecki, Mateusz

AU - Soret, Lauriane

AU - Sozzetti, Alessandro

AU - Stiepen, A.

AU - Strugarek, Antoine

AU - Taylor, Jake

AU - Taylor, William

AU - Terenzi, Luca

AU - Tessenyi, Marcell

AU - Tsiaras, Angelos

AU - Tucker, C.

AU - Valencia, Diana

AU - Vasisht, Gautam

AU - Vazan, Allona

AU - Vilardell, Francesc

AU - Vinatier, Sabrine

AU - Viti, Serena

AU - Waters, Rens

AU - Wawer, Piotr

AU - Wawrzaszek, Anna

AU - Whitworth, Anthony

AU - Yung, Yuk L.

AU - Yurchenko, Sergey N.

AU - Osorio, María Rosa Zapatero

AU - Zellem, Robert

AU - Zingales, Tiziano

AU - Zwart, Frans

PY - 2018/11/1

Y1 - 2018/11/1

N2 - Thousands of exoplanets have now been discovered with a huge range of masses, sizes and orbits: from rocky Earth-like planets to large gas giants grazing the surface of their host star. However, the essential nature of these exoplanets remains largely mysterious: there is no known, discernible pattern linking the presence, size, or orbital parameters of a planet to the nature of its parent star. We have little idea whether the chemistry of a planet is linked to its formation environment, or whether the type of host star drives the physics and chemistry of the planet’s birth, and evolution. ARIEL was conceived to observe a large number (~1000) of transiting planets for statistical understanding, including gas giants, Neptunes, super-Earths and Earth-size planets around a range of host star types using transit spectroscopy in the 1.25–7.8 μm spectral range and multiple narrow-band photometry in the optical. ARIEL will focus on warm and hot planets to take advantage of their well-mixed atmospheres which should show minimal condensation and sequestration of high-Z materials compared to their colder Solar System siblings. Said warm and hot atmospheres are expected to be more representative of the planetary bulk composition. Observations of these warm/hot exoplanets, and in particular of their elemental composition (especially C, O, N, S, Si), will allow the understanding of the early stages of planetary and atmospheric formation during the nebular phase and the following few million years. ARIEL will thus provide a representative picture of the chemical nature of the exoplanets and relate this directly to the type and chemical environment of the host star. ARIEL is designed as a dedicated survey mission for combined-light spectroscopy, capable of observing a large and well-defined planet sample within its 4-year mission lifetime. Transit, eclipse and phase-curve spectroscopy methods, whereby the signal from the star and planet are differentiated using knowledge of the planetary ephemerides, allow us to measure atmospheric signals from the planet at levels of 10–100 part per million (ppm) relative to the star and, given the bright nature of targets, also allows more sophisticated techniques, such as eclipse mapping, to give a deeper insight into the nature of the atmosphere. These types of observations require a stable payload and satellite platform with broad, instantaneous wavelength coverage to detect many molecular species, probe the thermal structure, identify clouds and monitor the stellar activity. The wavelength range proposed covers all the expected major atmospheric gases from e.g. H2O, CO2, CH4 NH3, HCN, H2S through to the more exotic metallic compounds, such as TiO, VO, and condensed species. Simulations of ARIEL performance in conducting exoplanet surveys have been performed – using conservative estimates of mission performance and a full model of all significant noise sources in the measurement – using a list of potential ARIEL targets that incorporates the latest available exoplanet statistics. The conclusion at the end of the Phase A study, is that ARIEL – in line with the stated mission objectives – will be able to observe about 1000 exoplanets depending on the details of the adopted survey strategy, thus confirming the feasibility of the main science objectives.

AB - Thousands of exoplanets have now been discovered with a huge range of masses, sizes and orbits: from rocky Earth-like planets to large gas giants grazing the surface of their host star. However, the essential nature of these exoplanets remains largely mysterious: there is no known, discernible pattern linking the presence, size, or orbital parameters of a planet to the nature of its parent star. We have little idea whether the chemistry of a planet is linked to its formation environment, or whether the type of host star drives the physics and chemistry of the planet’s birth, and evolution. ARIEL was conceived to observe a large number (~1000) of transiting planets for statistical understanding, including gas giants, Neptunes, super-Earths and Earth-size planets around a range of host star types using transit spectroscopy in the 1.25–7.8 μm spectral range and multiple narrow-band photometry in the optical. ARIEL will focus on warm and hot planets to take advantage of their well-mixed atmospheres which should show minimal condensation and sequestration of high-Z materials compared to their colder Solar System siblings. Said warm and hot atmospheres are expected to be more representative of the planetary bulk composition. Observations of these warm/hot exoplanets, and in particular of their elemental composition (especially C, O, N, S, Si), will allow the understanding of the early stages of planetary and atmospheric formation during the nebular phase and the following few million years. ARIEL will thus provide a representative picture of the chemical nature of the exoplanets and relate this directly to the type and chemical environment of the host star. ARIEL is designed as a dedicated survey mission for combined-light spectroscopy, capable of observing a large and well-defined planet sample within its 4-year mission lifetime. Transit, eclipse and phase-curve spectroscopy methods, whereby the signal from the star and planet are differentiated using knowledge of the planetary ephemerides, allow us to measure atmospheric signals from the planet at levels of 10–100 part per million (ppm) relative to the star and, given the bright nature of targets, also allows more sophisticated techniques, such as eclipse mapping, to give a deeper insight into the nature of the atmosphere. These types of observations require a stable payload and satellite platform with broad, instantaneous wavelength coverage to detect many molecular species, probe the thermal structure, identify clouds and monitor the stellar activity. The wavelength range proposed covers all the expected major atmospheric gases from e.g. H2O, CO2, CH4 NH3, HCN, H2S through to the more exotic metallic compounds, such as TiO, VO, and condensed species. Simulations of ARIEL performance in conducting exoplanet surveys have been performed – using conservative estimates of mission performance and a full model of all significant noise sources in the measurement – using a list of potential ARIEL targets that incorporates the latest available exoplanet statistics. The conclusion at the end of the Phase A study, is that ARIEL – in line with the stated mission objectives – will be able to observe about 1000 exoplanets depending on the details of the adopted survey strategy, thus confirming the feasibility of the main science objectives.

KW - Exoplanets

KW - IR spectroscopy

KW - Molecular signatures

KW - Space missions

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85053523967&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85053523967&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10686-018-9598-x

DO - 10.1007/s10686-018-9598-x

M3 - Article

VL - 46

SP - 135

EP - 209

JO - Experimental Astronomy

JF - Experimental Astronomy

SN - 0922-6435

IS - 1

ER -