A chronic care ostomy self-management program for cancer survivors

Robert S Krouse, Marcia Grant, Ruth McCorkle, Christopher S Wendel, Martha D. Cobb, Nancy J. Tallman, Elizabeth Ercolano, Virginia Sun, Judith H. Hibbard, Mark C. Hornbrook

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Individuals with ostomies experience extensive changes in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and daily routine. Patients and families are typically forced to use trial and error to improve self-management. Methods This is a longitudinal one-group design pilot study of a five-session ostomy self-care curriculum based on the Chronic Care Model to improve HRQOL and self-management for cancer survivors with ostomies. Participants were surveyed to evaluate each session. Multiple instruments were administered to examine outcomes at baseline, post-intervention, and at 6-month follow-up (Patient Activation Measure, self-efficacy, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Ways of Coping, Group Health Association of America Satisfaction with ostomy care survey, and the City of Hope Quality of Life Ostomy). Changes from pre-intervention to post-intervention and pre-intervention to follow-up were evaluated with paired t-tests. Text responses were coded and evaluated for important themes and recommendations. Results Thirty-eight subjects participated in the study. Most had a history of rectal cancer (60.5%) or bladder cancer (28.9%). Participants rated the overall program high (4.4-4.8 on 5-point scale). Text feedback indicated that participants enjoyed the group forums, wanted more participants, and more hands-on training. Scores on multiple surveys were shown to be improved and sustained, including patient activation (p = 0.0004), self-efficacy (p = 0.006), total HRQOL (p = 0.01), physical well-being (p = 0.005), and social well-being (p = 0.002). Survivor anxiety was significantly reduced by follow-up (p = 0.047). Conclusions This self-management ostomy program can help cancer survivors with ostomies adapt to their stoma. Initiating this program in the community setting would be beneficial to many cancer survivors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)574-581
Number of pages8
JournalPsycho-Oncology
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2016

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Ostomy
Self Care
Survivors
Neoplasms
Quality of Life
Patient Participation
Self Efficacy
Hope
Anxiety
Rectal Neoplasms
Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
Curriculum
Depression
Health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

Cite this

Krouse, R. S., Grant, M., McCorkle, R., Wendel, C. S., Cobb, M. D., Tallman, N. J., ... Hornbrook, M. C. (2016). A chronic care ostomy self-management program for cancer survivors. Psycho-Oncology, 25(5), 574-581. https://doi.org/10.1002/pon.4078

A chronic care ostomy self-management program for cancer survivors. / Krouse, Robert S; Grant, Marcia; McCorkle, Ruth; Wendel, Christopher S; Cobb, Martha D.; Tallman, Nancy J.; Ercolano, Elizabeth; Sun, Virginia; Hibbard, Judith H.; Hornbrook, Mark C.

In: Psycho-Oncology, Vol. 25, No. 5, 01.05.2016, p. 574-581.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Krouse, RS, Grant, M, McCorkle, R, Wendel, CS, Cobb, MD, Tallman, NJ, Ercolano, E, Sun, V, Hibbard, JH & Hornbrook, MC 2016, 'A chronic care ostomy self-management program for cancer survivors', Psycho-Oncology, vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 574-581. https://doi.org/10.1002/pon.4078
Krouse, Robert S ; Grant, Marcia ; McCorkle, Ruth ; Wendel, Christopher S ; Cobb, Martha D. ; Tallman, Nancy J. ; Ercolano, Elizabeth ; Sun, Virginia ; Hibbard, Judith H. ; Hornbrook, Mark C. / A chronic care ostomy self-management program for cancer survivors. In: Psycho-Oncology. 2016 ; Vol. 25, No. 5. pp. 574-581.
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AU - Sun, Virginia

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