A comparative analysis of using trip-based versus link-based traffic data for regional mobile source emissions estimation

Song Bai, Yi Chang (Ethan) Chiu, Debbie A. Niemeier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

The current method used for calculating vehicle emissions integrates travel data and associated vehicle emission factors. Travel data from traditional travel demand models are normally link-based (e.g., volumes on roadway segments), while California emission factors are trip-based (i.e., average emission factors over an entire trip), creating a mismatch in the modeling interface. Using dynamic simulation for trip assignment, we present a new modeling framework that consistently provides both trip-based and link-based VMT-speed distributions. Using the Sacramento Metropolitan Area and Kern County in California, we demonstrate the feasibility of this new method and quantify the effects of using trip-based versus link-based travel data on regional peak period emission inventories. The comparison results indicate that for the base scenario in both studied regions, the link-based method generally results in higher emissions than the trip-based method. The sensitivities of the link and trip-based methods to road network variations also appear dissimilar. The link-based emissions are more sensitive to facility-related changes, while the trip-based emissions are more sensitive to demand-related changes. This suggests that greater care may need to be taken to specify the effects of this modeling interface issue within the transportation conformity process and subsequent mobile emissions analysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7512-7523
Number of pages12
JournalAtmospheric Environment
Volume41
Issue number35
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2007

Keywords

  • Air quality
  • Emission inventory
  • Mobile emission
  • Traffic data
  • Vehicle trip

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Atmospheric Science

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A comparative analysis of using trip-based versus link-based traffic data for regional mobile source emissions estimation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this