A comparison of hypertensive and nonhypertensive coronary care patients' cardiovascular responses to visitors

T. Simpson, Joan L Shaver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Patients with and without hypertension in a coronary care unit (n = 24) were compared with respect to cardiovascular responses to both a family visit and an interview by an investigator. Variables for each of the four cardiovascular indicators (systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, and premature ventricular contractions) included the value before, the highest value during, the lowest value during, and the value after each social interaction condition. The highest group means for systolic blood pressure and heart rate were significantly higher for patients with hypertension than for patients without hypertension under both the interview and visit conditions. Differences in cardiovascular responses were not significantly greater for family visits than for interviews for patients with hypertension compared with those without hypertension. Thus, although hypertensive patients had greater cardiovascular reactivity to both social interaction conditions than nonhypertensive patients in the coronary care unit, family visits were no more physiologically stressful than a comparative interaction condition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)213-220
Number of pages8
JournalHeart and Lung: Journal of Acute and Critical Care
Volume20
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Patient Care
Blood Pressure
Hypertension
Coronary Care Units
Social Conditions
Interviews
Interpersonal Relations
Heart Rate
Ventricular Premature Complexes
Research Personnel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

@article{94860b4bdb32487faaa9ba2a1df4a0b8,
title = "A comparison of hypertensive and nonhypertensive coronary care patients' cardiovascular responses to visitors",
abstract = "Patients with and without hypertension in a coronary care unit (n = 24) were compared with respect to cardiovascular responses to both a family visit and an interview by an investigator. Variables for each of the four cardiovascular indicators (systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, and premature ventricular contractions) included the value before, the highest value during, the lowest value during, and the value after each social interaction condition. The highest group means for systolic blood pressure and heart rate were significantly higher for patients with hypertension than for patients without hypertension under both the interview and visit conditions. Differences in cardiovascular responses were not significantly greater for family visits than for interviews for patients with hypertension compared with those without hypertension. Thus, although hypertensive patients had greater cardiovascular reactivity to both social interaction conditions than nonhypertensive patients in the coronary care unit, family visits were no more physiologically stressful than a comparative interaction condition.",
author = "T. Simpson and Shaver, {Joan L}",
year = "1991",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "20",
pages = "213--220",
journal = "Heart and Lung: Journal of Acute and Critical Care",
issn = "0147-9563",
publisher = "Mosby Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A comparison of hypertensive and nonhypertensive coronary care patients' cardiovascular responses to visitors

AU - Simpson, T.

AU - Shaver, Joan L

PY - 1991

Y1 - 1991

N2 - Patients with and without hypertension in a coronary care unit (n = 24) were compared with respect to cardiovascular responses to both a family visit and an interview by an investigator. Variables for each of the four cardiovascular indicators (systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, and premature ventricular contractions) included the value before, the highest value during, the lowest value during, and the value after each social interaction condition. The highest group means for systolic blood pressure and heart rate were significantly higher for patients with hypertension than for patients without hypertension under both the interview and visit conditions. Differences in cardiovascular responses were not significantly greater for family visits than for interviews for patients with hypertension compared with those without hypertension. Thus, although hypertensive patients had greater cardiovascular reactivity to both social interaction conditions than nonhypertensive patients in the coronary care unit, family visits were no more physiologically stressful than a comparative interaction condition.

AB - Patients with and without hypertension in a coronary care unit (n = 24) were compared with respect to cardiovascular responses to both a family visit and an interview by an investigator. Variables for each of the four cardiovascular indicators (systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, and premature ventricular contractions) included the value before, the highest value during, the lowest value during, and the value after each social interaction condition. The highest group means for systolic blood pressure and heart rate were significantly higher for patients with hypertension than for patients without hypertension under both the interview and visit conditions. Differences in cardiovascular responses were not significantly greater for family visits than for interviews for patients with hypertension compared with those without hypertension. Thus, although hypertensive patients had greater cardiovascular reactivity to both social interaction conditions than nonhypertensive patients in the coronary care unit, family visits were no more physiologically stressful than a comparative interaction condition.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0025826629&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0025826629&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 20

SP - 213

EP - 220

JO - Heart and Lung: Journal of Acute and Critical Care

JF - Heart and Lung: Journal of Acute and Critical Care

SN - 0147-9563

IS - 3

ER -