A Comparison of Maps and Power Spectra Determined from South Pole Telescope and Planck Data

Z. Hou, K. Aylor, B. A. Benson, L. E. Bleem, J. E. Carlstrom, C. L. Chang, H. M. Cho, R. Chown, T. M. Crawford, A. T. Crites, T. De Haan, M. A. Dobbs, W. B. Everett, B. Follin, E. M. George, N. W. Halverson, N. L. Harrington, G. P. Holder, W. L. Holzapfel, J. D. HrubesR. Keisler, L. Knox, A. T. Lee, E. M. Leitch, D. Luong-Van, Daniel P Marrone, J. J. McMahon, S. S. Meyer, M. Millea, L. M. Mocanu, J. J. Mohr, T. Natoli, Y. Omori, S. Padin, C. Pryke, C. L. Reichardt, J. E. Ruhl, J. T. Sayre, K. K. Schaffer, E. Shirokoff, Z. Staniszewski, A. A. Stark, K. T. Story, K. Vanderlinde, J. D. Vieira, R. Williamson

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9 Scopus citations

Abstract

We study the consistency of 150 GHz data from the South Pole Telescope (SPT) and 143 GHz data from the Planck satellite over the patch of sky covered by the SPT-SZ survey. We first visually compare the maps and find that the residuals appear consistent with noise after accounting for differences in angular resolution and filtering. We then calculate (1) the cross-spectrum between two independent halves of SPT data, (2) the cross-spectrum between two independent halves of Planck data, and (3) the cross-spectrum between SPT and Planck data. We find that the three cross-spectra are well fit (PTE = 0.30) by the null hypothesis in which both experiments have measured the same sky map up to a single free calibration parameter - i.e., we find no evidence for systematic errors in either data set. As a by-product, we improve the precision of the SPT calibration by nearly an order of magnitude, from 2.6% to 0.3% in power. Finally, we compare all three cross-spectra to the full-sky Planck power spectrum and find marginal evidence for differences between the power spectra from the SPT-SZ footprint and the full sky. We model these differences as a power law in spherical harmonic multipole number. The best-fit value of this tilt is consistent among the three cross-spectra in the SPT-SZ footprint, implying that the source of this tilt is a sample variance fluctuation in the SPT-SZ region relative to the full sky. The consistency of cosmological parameters derived from these data sets is discussed in a companion paper.

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Keywords

  • cosmic background radiation
  • methods: data analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Hou, Z., Aylor, K., Benson, B. A., Bleem, L. E., Carlstrom, J. E., Chang, C. L., ... Williamson, R. (2018). A Comparison of Maps and Power Spectra Determined from South Pole Telescope and Planck Data. Astrophysical Journal, 853(1), [3]. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aaa3ef