A comparison of the reinforcing efficacy of PCP, the PCP derivatives TCP and BTCP, and cocaine using a progressive ratio schedule in the rat

E. D. French, M. Lopez, S. Peper, J. M. Kamenka, D. C.S. Roberts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study was designed to compare the reinforcing efficacy of PCP phencyclidine:phenylcyclohexyl-piperidine and the PCP-derivatives BTCP (N-[1-(2-benzo(b)thiophenyl)cyclohexyl]piperidine) and TCP (N-[1-(2-thienyl)cyclohexyl]-piperidine) to that of cocaine, using a progressive ratio schedule of reinforcement (PR). On the PR schedule the number of responses required to obtain an i.v. infusion of drug was escalated with each injection until a breaking point was reached when the animal stopped responding. Since BTCP has an affinity for the DA uptake site comparable to that of cocaine, it was hypothesized that BTCP and cocaine would show similar patterns of self-administration and comparable breaking points. In contrast, the high affinity of TCP and PCP for the NMDA-ion channel complex suggested that these two compounds would also support comparable self-administration behaviors. Rats were trained to self-administer i.v. cocaine during daily 5 h sessions under a fixed-ratio-1 (FR1) schedule. Once consistent lever-pressing behavior was established, BTCP, PCP or TCP was substituted for cocaine. Under the FR1 schedule, BTCP elicited a regular pattern of lever pressing, unlike PCP and TCP. However, under the PR schedule BTCP elicited breaking points comparable to those produced by equivalent doses of cocaine, whereas TCP and PCP produced considerably lower breaking points. These results suggest that BTCP has comparable rewarding properties to that of cocaine, and that like those of cocaine they are most probably mediated through a site of action at the DA transporter. In contrast, the relatively weak reinforcing efficacy of PCP and TCP would correlate better with their primary site of action on the PCP binding site within the NMDA-ion channel complex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)223-228
Number of pages6
JournalBehavioural Pharmacology
Volume6
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 3 1995

Keywords

  • BCTP
  • Cocaine
  • Phencyclidine
  • Progressive ratio schedule
  • Rat
  • Self-administration
  • TCP

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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