A composite element binding the vitamin D receptor, retinoid X receptor α, and a member of the CTF/NF-1 family of transcription factors mediates the vitamin D responsiveness of the c-fos promoter

G. Antonio Candeliere, Peter W. Jurutka, Mark R Haussler, René St-Arnaud

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Abstract

The hormonal form of vitamin D, 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25-(OH)2D3], transiently stimulates the transcription of the c-fos proto-oncogene in osteoblastic cells. We have identified and characterized a vitamin D response element (VDRE) in the promoter of c-fos. The 1,25-(OH)2D3-responsive region was delineated between residues -178 and -144 upstream of the c-fos transcription start site. A mutation that inhibited binding to the sequence concomitantly abolished 1,25-(OH)2D3-induced transcriptional responsiveness; similarly, cloning of the site upstream of a heterologous promoter conferred copy-number-dependent vitamin D responsiveness to a reporter gene, demonstrating that we have identified a functional response element. The structure of the c-fos VDRE was found to be unusual. Mutational analysis revealed that the c-fos VDRE does not conform to the direct repeat configuration in which hexameric core-binding sites are spaced by a few nucleotide residues. In contrast, the entire 36-bp sequence was essential for binding. We identified the vitamin D receptor and the retinoid X receptor α as components of the complex that bound the c-fos VDRE. However, our results also show that a putative CCAAT-binding transcription factor/nuclear factor 1 (CTF/NF-1) family member bound the response element in conjunction with the nuclear hormone receptors. The expression of this CTF/NF-1 family member appeared restricted to bone cells. These data hint at new molecular mechanisms of action for vitamin D.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)584-592
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biology
Volume16
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1996

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CCAAT-Binding Factor
Vitamin D Response Element
Retinoid X Receptors
Dilatation and Curettage
Calcitriol Receptors
Vitamins
Transcription Factors
Vitamin D
Response Elements
fos Genes
Calcitriol
Nucleic Acid Repetitive Sequences
Transcription Initiation Site
Cytoplasmic and Nuclear Receptors
Reporter Genes
Organism Cloning
Nucleotides
Binding Sites
Bone and Bones
Mutation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

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title = "A composite element binding the vitamin D receptor, retinoid X receptor α, and a member of the CTF/NF-1 family of transcription factors mediates the vitamin D responsiveness of the c-fos promoter",
abstract = "The hormonal form of vitamin D, 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25-(OH)2D3], transiently stimulates the transcription of the c-fos proto-oncogene in osteoblastic cells. We have identified and characterized a vitamin D response element (VDRE) in the promoter of c-fos. The 1,25-(OH)2D3-responsive region was delineated between residues -178 and -144 upstream of the c-fos transcription start site. A mutation that inhibited binding to the sequence concomitantly abolished 1,25-(OH)2D3-induced transcriptional responsiveness; similarly, cloning of the site upstream of a heterologous promoter conferred copy-number-dependent vitamin D responsiveness to a reporter gene, demonstrating that we have identified a functional response element. The structure of the c-fos VDRE was found to be unusual. Mutational analysis revealed that the c-fos VDRE does not conform to the direct repeat configuration in which hexameric core-binding sites are spaced by a few nucleotide residues. In contrast, the entire 36-bp sequence was essential for binding. We identified the vitamin D receptor and the retinoid X receptor α as components of the complex that bound the c-fos VDRE. However, our results also show that a putative CCAAT-binding transcription factor/nuclear factor 1 (CTF/NF-1) family member bound the response element in conjunction with the nuclear hormone receptors. The expression of this CTF/NF-1 family member appeared restricted to bone cells. These data hint at new molecular mechanisms of action for vitamin D.",
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AU - St-Arnaud, René

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N2 - The hormonal form of vitamin D, 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25-(OH)2D3], transiently stimulates the transcription of the c-fos proto-oncogene in osteoblastic cells. We have identified and characterized a vitamin D response element (VDRE) in the promoter of c-fos. The 1,25-(OH)2D3-responsive region was delineated between residues -178 and -144 upstream of the c-fos transcription start site. A mutation that inhibited binding to the sequence concomitantly abolished 1,25-(OH)2D3-induced transcriptional responsiveness; similarly, cloning of the site upstream of a heterologous promoter conferred copy-number-dependent vitamin D responsiveness to a reporter gene, demonstrating that we have identified a functional response element. The structure of the c-fos VDRE was found to be unusual. Mutational analysis revealed that the c-fos VDRE does not conform to the direct repeat configuration in which hexameric core-binding sites are spaced by a few nucleotide residues. In contrast, the entire 36-bp sequence was essential for binding. We identified the vitamin D receptor and the retinoid X receptor α as components of the complex that bound the c-fos VDRE. However, our results also show that a putative CCAAT-binding transcription factor/nuclear factor 1 (CTF/NF-1) family member bound the response element in conjunction with the nuclear hormone receptors. The expression of this CTF/NF-1 family member appeared restricted to bone cells. These data hint at new molecular mechanisms of action for vitamin D.

AB - The hormonal form of vitamin D, 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25-(OH)2D3], transiently stimulates the transcription of the c-fos proto-oncogene in osteoblastic cells. We have identified and characterized a vitamin D response element (VDRE) in the promoter of c-fos. The 1,25-(OH)2D3-responsive region was delineated between residues -178 and -144 upstream of the c-fos transcription start site. A mutation that inhibited binding to the sequence concomitantly abolished 1,25-(OH)2D3-induced transcriptional responsiveness; similarly, cloning of the site upstream of a heterologous promoter conferred copy-number-dependent vitamin D responsiveness to a reporter gene, demonstrating that we have identified a functional response element. The structure of the c-fos VDRE was found to be unusual. Mutational analysis revealed that the c-fos VDRE does not conform to the direct repeat configuration in which hexameric core-binding sites are spaced by a few nucleotide residues. In contrast, the entire 36-bp sequence was essential for binding. We identified the vitamin D receptor and the retinoid X receptor α as components of the complex that bound the c-fos VDRE. However, our results also show that a putative CCAAT-binding transcription factor/nuclear factor 1 (CTF/NF-1) family member bound the response element in conjunction with the nuclear hormone receptors. The expression of this CTF/NF-1 family member appeared restricted to bone cells. These data hint at new molecular mechanisms of action for vitamin D.

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