A cost of illness study of allergic rhinitis in the United States

Daniel C Malone, K. A. Lawson, D. H. Smith, H. M. Arrighi, C. Battista

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

243 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Allergic rhinitis is a common condition, but the burden of this condition on the national economy is not well understood. Objective: The purpose of this study was to estimate the national direct and indirect costs of allergic rhinitis. Methods: Data from the National Medical Expenditure Survey were used to provide estimates of resource utilization, medical expenditures, and lost productivity. With the complex survey design, variance estimates were used to construct confidence intervals for cost estimates of resource utilization and lost productivity. Results: It is estimated that approximately 39 million persons in the United States experienced allergic rhinitis in 1987. However, only 12.3% (4.8 million) sought medical treatment for allergic rhinitis. The total estimated cost of the condition, in 1994 dollars, was $1.23 billion (95% confidence interval, $846 million to $1.62 billion). Direct medical expenses accounted for 94% of total costs. Allergic rhinitis resulted in approximately 811,000 missed workdays, 824,000 missed school days, and 4,230,000 reduced activity days. Conclusion: Allergic rhinitis clearly creates a burden in terms of the number of persons affected, total expenditures, and lost productivity. It also appears that a relatively large proportion of persons with allergic rhinitis were not seeking medical treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)22-27
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Volume99
Issue number1 I
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Cost of Illness
Health Expenditures
Costs and Cost Analysis
Confidence Intervals
Allergic Rhinitis

Keywords

  • Allergic rhinitis
  • cost and cost analysis
  • cost of illness
  • hay fever
  • National Medical Expenditure Survey

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

Cite this

A cost of illness study of allergic rhinitis in the United States. / Malone, Daniel C; Lawson, K. A.; Smith, D. H.; Arrighi, H. M.; Battista, C.

In: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Vol. 99, No. 1 I, 1997, p. 22-27.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Malone, Daniel C ; Lawson, K. A. ; Smith, D. H. ; Arrighi, H. M. ; Battista, C. / A cost of illness study of allergic rhinitis in the United States. In: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. 1997 ; Vol. 99, No. 1 I. pp. 22-27.
@article{91c6922f07144054a93af942ecba1f62,
title = "A cost of illness study of allergic rhinitis in the United States",
abstract = "Background: Allergic rhinitis is a common condition, but the burden of this condition on the national economy is not well understood. Objective: The purpose of this study was to estimate the national direct and indirect costs of allergic rhinitis. Methods: Data from the National Medical Expenditure Survey were used to provide estimates of resource utilization, medical expenditures, and lost productivity. With the complex survey design, variance estimates were used to construct confidence intervals for cost estimates of resource utilization and lost productivity. Results: It is estimated that approximately 39 million persons in the United States experienced allergic rhinitis in 1987. However, only 12.3{\%} (4.8 million) sought medical treatment for allergic rhinitis. The total estimated cost of the condition, in 1994 dollars, was $1.23 billion (95{\%} confidence interval, $846 million to $1.62 billion). Direct medical expenses accounted for 94{\%} of total costs. Allergic rhinitis resulted in approximately 811,000 missed workdays, 824,000 missed school days, and 4,230,000 reduced activity days. Conclusion: Allergic rhinitis clearly creates a burden in terms of the number of persons affected, total expenditures, and lost productivity. It also appears that a relatively large proportion of persons with allergic rhinitis were not seeking medical treatment.",
keywords = "Allergic rhinitis, cost and cost analysis, cost of illness, hay fever, National Medical Expenditure Survey",
author = "Malone, {Daniel C} and Lawson, {K. A.} and Smith, {D. H.} and Arrighi, {H. M.} and C. Battista",
year = "1997",
doi = "10.1016/S0091-6749(97)70296-3",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "99",
pages = "22--27",
journal = "Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology",
issn = "0091-6749",
publisher = "Mosby Inc.",
number = "1 I",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A cost of illness study of allergic rhinitis in the United States

AU - Malone, Daniel C

AU - Lawson, K. A.

AU - Smith, D. H.

AU - Arrighi, H. M.

AU - Battista, C.

PY - 1997

Y1 - 1997

N2 - Background: Allergic rhinitis is a common condition, but the burden of this condition on the national economy is not well understood. Objective: The purpose of this study was to estimate the national direct and indirect costs of allergic rhinitis. Methods: Data from the National Medical Expenditure Survey were used to provide estimates of resource utilization, medical expenditures, and lost productivity. With the complex survey design, variance estimates were used to construct confidence intervals for cost estimates of resource utilization and lost productivity. Results: It is estimated that approximately 39 million persons in the United States experienced allergic rhinitis in 1987. However, only 12.3% (4.8 million) sought medical treatment for allergic rhinitis. The total estimated cost of the condition, in 1994 dollars, was $1.23 billion (95% confidence interval, $846 million to $1.62 billion). Direct medical expenses accounted for 94% of total costs. Allergic rhinitis resulted in approximately 811,000 missed workdays, 824,000 missed school days, and 4,230,000 reduced activity days. Conclusion: Allergic rhinitis clearly creates a burden in terms of the number of persons affected, total expenditures, and lost productivity. It also appears that a relatively large proportion of persons with allergic rhinitis were not seeking medical treatment.

AB - Background: Allergic rhinitis is a common condition, but the burden of this condition on the national economy is not well understood. Objective: The purpose of this study was to estimate the national direct and indirect costs of allergic rhinitis. Methods: Data from the National Medical Expenditure Survey were used to provide estimates of resource utilization, medical expenditures, and lost productivity. With the complex survey design, variance estimates were used to construct confidence intervals for cost estimates of resource utilization and lost productivity. Results: It is estimated that approximately 39 million persons in the United States experienced allergic rhinitis in 1987. However, only 12.3% (4.8 million) sought medical treatment for allergic rhinitis. The total estimated cost of the condition, in 1994 dollars, was $1.23 billion (95% confidence interval, $846 million to $1.62 billion). Direct medical expenses accounted for 94% of total costs. Allergic rhinitis resulted in approximately 811,000 missed workdays, 824,000 missed school days, and 4,230,000 reduced activity days. Conclusion: Allergic rhinitis clearly creates a burden in terms of the number of persons affected, total expenditures, and lost productivity. It also appears that a relatively large proportion of persons with allergic rhinitis were not seeking medical treatment.

KW - Allergic rhinitis

KW - cost and cost analysis

KW - cost of illness

KW - hay fever

KW - National Medical Expenditure Survey

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0031024417&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0031024417&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0091-6749(97)70296-3

DO - 10.1016/S0091-6749(97)70296-3

M3 - Article

C2 - 9003207

AN - SCOPUS:0031024417

VL - 99

SP - 22

EP - 27

JO - Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

JF - Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

SN - 0091-6749

IS - 1 I

ER -