A Deep Search for Planets in the Inner 15 au around Vega

Tiffany Meshkat, Ricky Nilsson, Jonathan Aguilar, Gautam Vasisht, Rebecca Oppenheimer, Kate Y.L. Su, Eric Cady, Thomas Lockhart, Christopher Matthews, Richard Dekany, Jarron Leisenring, Marie Ygouf, Dimitri Mawet, Laurent Pueyo, Charles Beichman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present the results of a deep high-contrast imaging search for planets around Vega. Vega is an ideal target for high-contrast imaging because it is bright, nearby, and young with a face-on two-belt debris disk that may be shaped by unseen planets. We obtained J- and H-band data on Vega with the coronagraphic integral-field spectrograph Project 1640 (P1640) at Palomar Observatory. Two nights of data were obtained in 2016, in poor seeing conditions, and two additional nights in more favorable conditions in 2017. In total, we obtained 5.5 hours of integration time on Vega in moderate to good seeing conditions (<1.″5). We did not detect any low-mass companions in this system. Our data present the most sensitive contrast limits around Vega at very small separations (2-15 au) thus far, allowing us to place new constraints on the companions that may be sculpting the Vega system. In addition to new constraints, as the deepest data obtained with P1640, these observations form the final legacy of the now decommissioned instrument.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number214
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume156
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2018

Keywords

  • circumstellar matter
  • planets and satellites: detection
  • stars: individual (Vega)
  • techniques: high angular resolution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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