A direct empirical proof of the existence of dark matter

Douglas Clowe, Maruša Bradač, Anthony H. Gonzalez, Maxim Markevitech, Scott W. Randall, Christine Jones, Dennis F Zaritsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

996 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present new weak-lensing observations of IE 0657-558 (z = 0.296), a unique cluster merger, that enable a direct detection of dark matter, independent of assumptions regarding the nature of the gravitational force law. Due to the collision of two clusters, the dissipationless stellar component and the fluid-like X-ray-emitting plasma are spatially segregated. By using both wide-field ground-based images and HST/ACS images of the cluster cores, we create gravitational lensing maps showing that the gravitational potential does not trace the plasma distribution, the dominant baryonic mass component, but rather approximately traces the distribution of galaxies. An 8 σ significance spatial offset of the center of the total mass from the center of the baryonic mass peaks cannot be explained with an alteration of the gravitational force law and thus proves that the majority of the matter in the system is unseen.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume648
Issue number2 II
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 10 2006

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dark matter
plasma
merger
gravitational fields
collision
galaxies
collisions
fluid
fluids
x rays
distribution
detection

Keywords

  • Dark matter
  • Galaxies: clusters: individual (1E 0657-558)
  • Gravitational lensing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Clowe, D., Bradač, M., Gonzalez, A. H., Markevitech, M., Randall, S. W., Jones, C., & Zaritsky, D. F. (2006). A direct empirical proof of the existence of dark matter. Astrophysical Journal, 648(2 II). https://doi.org/10.1086/508162

A direct empirical proof of the existence of dark matter. / Clowe, Douglas; Bradač, Maruša; Gonzalez, Anthony H.; Markevitech, Maxim; Randall, Scott W.; Jones, Christine; Zaritsky, Dennis F.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 648, No. 2 II, 10.09.2006.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Clowe, D, Bradač, M, Gonzalez, AH, Markevitech, M, Randall, SW, Jones, C & Zaritsky, DF 2006, 'A direct empirical proof of the existence of dark matter', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 648, no. 2 II. https://doi.org/10.1086/508162
Clowe D, Bradač M, Gonzalez AH, Markevitech M, Randall SW, Jones C et al. A direct empirical proof of the existence of dark matter. Astrophysical Journal. 2006 Sep 10;648(2 II). https://doi.org/10.1086/508162
Clowe, Douglas ; Bradač, Maruša ; Gonzalez, Anthony H. ; Markevitech, Maxim ; Randall, Scott W. ; Jones, Christine ; Zaritsky, Dennis F. / A direct empirical proof of the existence of dark matter. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2006 ; Vol. 648, No. 2 II.
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