A feasibility study of a culturally tailored diabetes intervention for mexican americans

Deborah Vincent, Alice Pasvogel, Lourdes Barrera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

60 Scopus citations

Abstract

Latinos, the fastest growing minority group in the United States, are among the hardest hit by diabetes. Among Latinos, Mexican Americans have the highest rate (23.9%) of diabetes. Good self-management can improve glycemic control and decrease diabetes complications but can be challenging to achieve. The purpose of this study was to test the feasibility and examine the effects of a culturally tailored intervention for Mexican Americans with type 2 diabetes on outcomes of self-management. The study used a pretest/posttest control group design with 10 participants in each group (N = 17). Feasibility and acceptability of the tailored diabetes self-management program was assessed by examining ease of recruitment and retention rates. The behavioral outcomes of self-efficacy, diabetes knowledge and self-care measures, and the biologic outcomes of weight, body mass index, HbA1C, and blood glucose were used to examine intervention effectiveness. Successful recruitment of participants came from personal referrals from providers or the promotora. Retention rates were 100% for the intervention group and 80% for the control group. Findings suggest that the intervention had a positive clinical and statistical effect on diabetes knowledge, weight, and body mass index. Improvements were also noted in self-efficacy scores, blood glucose, and HbA1C, but these changes did not reach statistical significance. A culturally tailored diabetes self-management program may result in improved outcomes for Mexican Americans with type 2 diabetes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)130-141
Number of pages12
JournalBiological Research For Nursing
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2007

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Keywords

  • Culturally tailored
  • Diabetes
  • Intervention
  • Mexican Americans
  • Self-management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Research and Theory

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