A glass always half full: Reconsideration of the Wales apparatus to apply constant head boundary conditions

Ty P.A. Ferre, John S. Selker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A new apparatus is presented that is capable of applying a constant fluid pressure at inflow and outflow boundaries. The apparatus can be refilled during operation and does not rely on an overflow mechanism. The device is constructed of two vessels, one that contains the delivered fluid and the other that contains a less dense fluid. By matching the fluid densities and the areas of the vessels the absolute elevation of the delivered fluid is maintained as the fluid is added to or removed from the system. The history of the development of the device, the underlying physical principles, and two demonstrations of the operation of a prototype device are shown.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberW12503
JournalWater Resources Research
Volume43
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology

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