A heterozygote-homozygote test of Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium

Jin Zhou, Kenneth Lange, Jeanette C. Papp, Janet S. Sinsheimer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The century-old Hardy-Weinberg law remains fundamental to population genetics. Typically Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium is tested in unrelated individuals using a χ2 goodness-of-fit test that compares expected and observed numbers of heterozygotes and homozygotes. In this report, we propose a likelihood ratio test for Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium that accommodates a mixture of pedigree and random sample data. The underlying statistical model depends on a parameter γ determining the ratio of heterozygous genotypes to homozygous genotypes among pedigree founders. As our heterozygous-homozygous test accommodates markers with dominant and recessive alleles, it can handle the phase ambiguities encountered in combining several linked single nucleotide polymorphisms into a single supermarker. No prior haplotyping is necessary. Our experience on real and simulated data suggests that the heterozygous-homozygous test has good type-one error and power.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1495-1500
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Human Genetics
Volume17
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes

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Homozygote
Pedigree
Heterozygote
Genotype
Population Genetics
Statistical Models
Single Nucleotide Polymorphism
Alleles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Genetics

Cite this

A heterozygote-homozygote test of Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. / Zhou, Jin; Lange, Kenneth; Papp, Jeanette C.; Sinsheimer, Janet S.

In: European Journal of Human Genetics, Vol. 17, No. 11, 2009, p. 1495-1500.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zhou, Jin ; Lange, Kenneth ; Papp, Jeanette C. ; Sinsheimer, Janet S. / A heterozygote-homozygote test of Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. In: European Journal of Human Genetics. 2009 ; Vol. 17, No. 11. pp. 1495-1500.
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