■ BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Traditional ultrasound imaging systems for ophthalmology employ slow, mechanical scanning of a single-element ultrasound transducer. The goal was to demonstrate rapid examination of the anterior and posterior segment with a three-dimensional (3D) commercial ultrasound system incorporating high-resolution linear probe arrays. ■ MATERIALS AND METHODS: The 3D images of the porcine eye were generated in approximately 10 seconds by scanning one of two commercial linear arrays (25- and 50-MHz). Healthy enucleated pig eyes were compared with those with induced injury or placement of a foreign material (eg, metal). Rapid, volumetric imaging was also demonstrated in one human eye in vivo. ■ RESULTS: The 50-MHz probe provided exquisite volumetric images of the anterior segment at a depth up to 15 mm and axial resolution of 30 μm. The 25-MHz probe provided a larger field of view (lateral X depth: 20 x 30 mm), sufficient for capturing the entire anterior and posterior segments of the pig eye, at a resolution of 60 μm. A 50-MHz scan through the human eyelid illustrated detailed structures of the Meibomian glands, cilia, cornea, and anterior segment back to the posterior capsule. ■ CONCLUSION: The 3D system with its high-frequency ultrasound arrays, fast data acquisition, and volume rendering capability shows promise for investigating anterior and posterior structures of the eye.
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