A kinetic treatment of glass formation VII: Transient nucleation in non-isothermal crystallization during cooling

H. Yinnon, Donald R Uhlmann

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15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The analysis of crystallization statistics has been modified to allow for time-dependent (transient) nucleation. To establish its accuracy, the numerical analysis has been applied to isothermal crystallization kinetics and shown to yield crystallization versus time curves which compare very closely with curves calculated analytically with or without the inclusion of transient nucleation. The numerical analysis including transient has been used to calculate the critical cooling rates for glass formation in anorthite and o-terphenyl considering (1) only homogeneous nucleation and (2) homogeneous nucleation + heterogeneous nucleation for 107 heterogeneities cm-3 with contact angles between 40° and 100°. It has been shown that inclusion of time-dependent nucleation in the calculations does not change the critical cooling rates for glass formation calculated assuming steady-state homogeneous nucleation in both materials. The critical cooling rate in anorthite calculated including steady-state heterogeneous nucleation was found to be decreased only slightly by the inclusion of time-dependent nucleation; while the critical cooling rates calculated for o-terphenyl were not change at all by the inclusion of time-dependent nncleation. The lack of an effect of time-dependent nucleation on the critical cooling rates calculated assuming only homogeneous nucleation is explained by the relatively small transient times on the high temperature side of the nucleation peak (a temperature range which has an overwhelming effect on the overall crystallization process because of the relatively high crystal growth rates in this range). Although the critical cooling rates associated with heterogeneous nucleation are large, the nucleation here takes place at relatively small undercooling where the transient times are relatively small. Thus, transient nucleation causes only a temporary delay in the over all crystallization, and its effect on the critical cooling rate is small.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)189-202
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Non-Crystalline Solids
Volume50
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1982
Externally publishedYes

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Crystallization
Nucleation
nucleation
crystallization
Cooling
cooling
Glass
glass
kinetics
inclusions
terphenyls
numerical analysis
Numerical analysis
Undercooling
Crystallization kinetics
supercooling
curves
Crystal growth
Contact angle
crystal growth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Cite this

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title = "A kinetic treatment of glass formation VII: Transient nucleation in non-isothermal crystallization during cooling",
abstract = "The analysis of crystallization statistics has been modified to allow for time-dependent (transient) nucleation. To establish its accuracy, the numerical analysis has been applied to isothermal crystallization kinetics and shown to yield crystallization versus time curves which compare very closely with curves calculated analytically with or without the inclusion of transient nucleation. The numerical analysis including transient has been used to calculate the critical cooling rates for glass formation in anorthite and o-terphenyl considering (1) only homogeneous nucleation and (2) homogeneous nucleation + heterogeneous nucleation for 107 heterogeneities cm-3 with contact angles between 40° and 100°. It has been shown that inclusion of time-dependent nucleation in the calculations does not change the critical cooling rates for glass formation calculated assuming steady-state homogeneous nucleation in both materials. The critical cooling rate in anorthite calculated including steady-state heterogeneous nucleation was found to be decreased only slightly by the inclusion of time-dependent nucleation; while the critical cooling rates calculated for o-terphenyl were not change at all by the inclusion of time-dependent nncleation. The lack of an effect of time-dependent nucleation on the critical cooling rates calculated assuming only homogeneous nucleation is explained by the relatively small transient times on the high temperature side of the nucleation peak (a temperature range which has an overwhelming effect on the overall crystallization process because of the relatively high crystal growth rates in this range). Although the critical cooling rates associated with heterogeneous nucleation are large, the nucleation here takes place at relatively small undercooling where the transient times are relatively small. Thus, transient nucleation causes only a temporary delay in the over all crystallization, and its effect on the critical cooling rate is small.",
author = "H. Yinnon and Uhlmann, {Donald R}",
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T2 - Transient nucleation in non-isothermal crystallization during cooling

AU - Yinnon, H.

AU - Uhlmann, Donald R

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N2 - The analysis of crystallization statistics has been modified to allow for time-dependent (transient) nucleation. To establish its accuracy, the numerical analysis has been applied to isothermal crystallization kinetics and shown to yield crystallization versus time curves which compare very closely with curves calculated analytically with or without the inclusion of transient nucleation. The numerical analysis including transient has been used to calculate the critical cooling rates for glass formation in anorthite and o-terphenyl considering (1) only homogeneous nucleation and (2) homogeneous nucleation + heterogeneous nucleation for 107 heterogeneities cm-3 with contact angles between 40° and 100°. It has been shown that inclusion of time-dependent nucleation in the calculations does not change the critical cooling rates for glass formation calculated assuming steady-state homogeneous nucleation in both materials. The critical cooling rate in anorthite calculated including steady-state heterogeneous nucleation was found to be decreased only slightly by the inclusion of time-dependent nucleation; while the critical cooling rates calculated for o-terphenyl were not change at all by the inclusion of time-dependent nncleation. The lack of an effect of time-dependent nucleation on the critical cooling rates calculated assuming only homogeneous nucleation is explained by the relatively small transient times on the high temperature side of the nucleation peak (a temperature range which has an overwhelming effect on the overall crystallization process because of the relatively high crystal growth rates in this range). Although the critical cooling rates associated with heterogeneous nucleation are large, the nucleation here takes place at relatively small undercooling where the transient times are relatively small. Thus, transient nucleation causes only a temporary delay in the over all crystallization, and its effect on the critical cooling rate is small.

AB - The analysis of crystallization statistics has been modified to allow for time-dependent (transient) nucleation. To establish its accuracy, the numerical analysis has been applied to isothermal crystallization kinetics and shown to yield crystallization versus time curves which compare very closely with curves calculated analytically with or without the inclusion of transient nucleation. The numerical analysis including transient has been used to calculate the critical cooling rates for glass formation in anorthite and o-terphenyl considering (1) only homogeneous nucleation and (2) homogeneous nucleation + heterogeneous nucleation for 107 heterogeneities cm-3 with contact angles between 40° and 100°. It has been shown that inclusion of time-dependent nucleation in the calculations does not change the critical cooling rates for glass formation calculated assuming steady-state homogeneous nucleation in both materials. The critical cooling rate in anorthite calculated including steady-state heterogeneous nucleation was found to be decreased only slightly by the inclusion of time-dependent nucleation; while the critical cooling rates calculated for o-terphenyl were not change at all by the inclusion of time-dependent nncleation. The lack of an effect of time-dependent nucleation on the critical cooling rates calculated assuming only homogeneous nucleation is explained by the relatively small transient times on the high temperature side of the nucleation peak (a temperature range which has an overwhelming effect on the overall crystallization process because of the relatively high crystal growth rates in this range). Although the critical cooling rates associated with heterogeneous nucleation are large, the nucleation here takes place at relatively small undercooling where the transient times are relatively small. Thus, transient nucleation causes only a temporary delay in the over all crystallization, and its effect on the critical cooling rate is small.

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