A Lunar Liquid Mirror Telescope (LLMT) for deep-field infrared observations near the lunar pole

J Roger P Angel, Dan Eisenstei, Suresh Sivanandam, Simon P. Worden, James H Burge, Ermanno Borra, Clément Gosselin, Omar Seddiki, Paul Hickson, Ma Ki Bui, Bernard Foing, Jean Luc Josset, Simon Thibault, Paul Van Susante

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have studied the feasibility and scientific potential of a 20 - 100 m aperture astronomical telescope at the lunar pole, with its primary mirror made of spinning liquid at less than 100K. Such a telescope, equipped with imaging and multiplexed spectroscopic instruments for a deep infrared survey, would be revolutionary in its power to study the distant universe, including the formation of the first stars and their assembly into galaxies. The LLMT could be used to follow up discoveries made with the 6 m James Webb Space Telescope, with more detailed images and spectroscopic studies, as well as to detect objects 100 times fainter, such as the first, high-red shift stars in the early universe. Our preliminary analysis based on SMART-1 AMIE images shows ridges and crater rims within 0.5° of the North Pole are illuminated for at least some sun angles during lunar winter. Locations near these points may prove to be ideal for the LLMT. Lunar dust deposited on the optics or in a thin atmosphere could be problematic. An in-situ site survey appears necessary to resolve the dust questions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume6265 I
DOIs
StatePublished - 2006
EventSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation I: Optical, Infrared, and Millimeter - Orlando, FL, United States
Duration: May 24 2006May 31 2006

Other

OtherSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation I: Optical, Infrared, and Millimeter
CountryUnited States
CityOrlando, FL
Period5/24/065/31/06

Fingerprint

Telescopes
Poles
Mirrors
poles
telescopes
mirrors
Infrared radiation
Liquids
liquids
Stars
Dust
universe
lunar dust
stars
James Webb Space Telescope
Space telescopes
Galaxies
rims
craters
red shift

Keywords

  • Early universe
  • Lunar telescopes
  • Rotating cryogenic liquid mirrors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Angel, J. R. P., Eisenstei, D., Sivanandam, S., Worden, S. P., Burge, J. H., Borra, E., ... Van Susante, P. (2006). A Lunar Liquid Mirror Telescope (LLMT) for deep-field infrared observations near the lunar pole. In Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering (Vol. 6265 I). [62651U] https://doi.org/10.1117/12.669994

A Lunar Liquid Mirror Telescope (LLMT) for deep-field infrared observations near the lunar pole. / Angel, J Roger P; Eisenstei, Dan; Sivanandam, Suresh; Worden, Simon P.; Burge, James H; Borra, Ermanno; Gosselin, Clément; Seddiki, Omar; Hickson, Paul; Ki Bui, Ma; Foing, Bernard; Josset, Jean Luc; Thibault, Simon; Van Susante, Paul.

Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Vol. 6265 I 2006. 62651U.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Angel, JRP, Eisenstei, D, Sivanandam, S, Worden, SP, Burge, JH, Borra, E, Gosselin, C, Seddiki, O, Hickson, P, Ki Bui, M, Foing, B, Josset, JL, Thibault, S & Van Susante, P 2006, A Lunar Liquid Mirror Telescope (LLMT) for deep-field infrared observations near the lunar pole. in Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. vol. 6265 I, 62651U, Space Telescopes and Instrumentation I: Optical, Infrared, and Millimeter, Orlando, FL, United States, 5/24/06. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.669994
Angel JRP, Eisenstei D, Sivanandam S, Worden SP, Burge JH, Borra E et al. A Lunar Liquid Mirror Telescope (LLMT) for deep-field infrared observations near the lunar pole. In Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Vol. 6265 I. 2006. 62651U https://doi.org/10.1117/12.669994
Angel, J Roger P ; Eisenstei, Dan ; Sivanandam, Suresh ; Worden, Simon P. ; Burge, James H ; Borra, Ermanno ; Gosselin, Clément ; Seddiki, Omar ; Hickson, Paul ; Ki Bui, Ma ; Foing, Bernard ; Josset, Jean Luc ; Thibault, Simon ; Van Susante, Paul. / A Lunar Liquid Mirror Telescope (LLMT) for deep-field infrared observations near the lunar pole. Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Vol. 6265 I 2006.
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