A mathematical description of the functionality of correction factors used in allometry for predicting human drug clearance

Huadong Tang, Michael Mayersohn

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27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The functionality of the correction factors, maximum life-span potential (MLP), and brain weight (BrW) used in allometry is mathematically described. Correction by MLP or BrW is equivalent to a multiplication of some constants by the predicted values in humans from simple allometry, but they have no relationship to measured pharmacokinetic parameters in the animal species. The values of these constants (FMLP or FBrW) were calculated for some commonly used combinations of animal species. For all combinations of animal species, the value of FBrW is always greater than that of FMLP with a fold-increase of about 1.3 to 1.9. Different combinations of species give different values of FBrW and FMLP. In addition, the role of correction factors (MLP and BrW) or the "rule of exponents" (ROE) was evaluated. An intrinsic defect in using correction factors or ROE was revealed; different study designs will produce significantly different prediction results. However, ROE may still serve as a useful practical approach in predicting human CL since it was derived from real observations and has been applied to many examples.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1294-1296
Number of pages3
JournalDrug Metabolism and Disposition
Volume33
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2005

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Brain
Animals
Weights and Measures
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Pharmacokinetics
Defects

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Toxicology

Cite this

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abstract = "The functionality of the correction factors, maximum life-span potential (MLP), and brain weight (BrW) used in allometry is mathematically described. Correction by MLP or BrW is equivalent to a multiplication of some constants by the predicted values in humans from simple allometry, but they have no relationship to measured pharmacokinetic parameters in the animal species. The values of these constants (FMLP or FBrW) were calculated for some commonly used combinations of animal species. For all combinations of animal species, the value of FBrW is always greater than that of FMLP with a fold-increase of about 1.3 to 1.9. Different combinations of species give different values of FBrW and FMLP. In addition, the role of correction factors (MLP and BrW) or the {"}rule of exponents{"} (ROE) was evaluated. An intrinsic defect in using correction factors or ROE was revealed; different study designs will produce significantly different prediction results. However, ROE may still serve as a useful practical approach in predicting human CL since it was derived from real observations and has been applied to many examples.",
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