A measurement of CMB cluster lensing with SPT and DES year 1 data

E. J. Baxter, S. Raghunathan, T. M. Crawford, P. Fosalba, Z. Hou, G. P. Holder, Y. Omori, S. Patil, Eduardo Rozo, T. M.C. Abbott, J. Annis, K. Aylor, A. Benoit-Lévy, B. A. Benson, E. Bertin, L. Bleem, E. Buckley-Geer, D. L. Burke, J. Carlstrom, A. Carnero RosellM. Carrasco Kind, J. Carretero, C. L. Chang, H. M. Cho, A. T. Crites, M. Crocce, C. E. Cunha, L. N. da Costa, C. B. D'Andrea, C. Davis, T. de Haan, S. Desai, J. P. Dietrich, M. A. Dobbs, S. Dodelson, P. Doel, A. Drlica-Wagner, J. Estrada, W. B. Everett, A. Fausti Neto, B. Flaugher, J. Frieman, J. García-Bellido, E. M. George, E. Gaztanaga, T. Giannantonio, D. Gruen, R. A. Gruendl, J. Gschwend, G. Gutierrez, N. W. Halverson, N. L. Harrington, W. G. Hartley, W. L. Holzapfel, K. Honscheid, J. D. Hrubes, B. Jain, D. J. James, M. Jarvis, T. Jeltema, L. Knox, E. Krause, K. Kuehn, S. Kuhlmann, N. Kuropatkin, O. Lahav, A. T. Lee, E. M. Leitch, T. S. Li, M. Lima, D. Luong-Van, A. Manzotti, M. March, Daniel P Marrone, J. L. Marshall, P. Martini, J. J. McMahon, P. Melchior, F. Menanteau, S. S. Meyer, C. J. Miller, R. Miquel, L. M. Mocanu, J. J. Mohr, T. Natoli, B. Nord, R. L.C. Ogando, S. Padin, A. A. Plazas, C. Pryke, D. Rapetti, C. L. Reichardt, A. K. Romer, A. Roodman, J. E. Ruhl, E. Rykoff, M. Sako, E. Sanchez, J. T. Sayre, V. Scarpine, K. K. Schaffer, R. Schindler, M. Schubnell, I. Sevilla-Noarbe, E. Shirokoff, M. Smith, R. C. Smith, M. Soares-Santos, F. Sobreira, Z. Staniszewski, A. Stark, K. Story, E. Suchyta, G. Tarle, D. Thomas, M. A. Troxel, K. Vanderlinde, J. D. Vieira, A. R. Walker, R. Williamson, Y. Zhang, J. Zuntz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Clusters of galaxies gravitationally lens the cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation, resulting in a distinct imprint in the CMB on arcminute scales. Measurement of this effect offers a promising way to constrain the masses of galaxy clusters, particularly those at high redshift. We use CMB maps from the South Pole Telescope Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) survey to measure the CMB lensing signal around galaxy clusters identified in optical imaging from first year observations of the Dark Energy Survey. The cluster catalogue used in this analysis contains 3697 members with mean redshift of z = 0.45. We detect lensing of the CMB by the galaxy clusters at 8.1s significance. Using the measured lensing signal, we constrain the amplitude of the relation between cluster mass and optical richness to roughly 17 per cent precision, finding good agreement with recent constraints obtained with galaxy lensing. The error budget is dominated by statistical noise but includes significant contributions from systematic biases due to the thermal SZ effect and cluster miscentring.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2674-2688
Number of pages15
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume476
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 11 2018

Fingerprint

microwaves
galaxies
cosmic microwave background radiation
microwave
dark energy
budgets
catalogs
poles
lenses
telescopes
energy
effect

Keywords

  • Cosmic background radiation
  • Galaxies: clusters: general
  • Gravitational lensing: weak

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Baxter, E. J., Raghunathan, S., Crawford, T. M., Fosalba, P., Hou, Z., Holder, G. P., ... Zuntz, J. (2018). A measurement of CMB cluster lensing with SPT and DES year 1 data. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 476(2), 2674-2688. https://doi.org/10.1093/MNRAS/STY305

A measurement of CMB cluster lensing with SPT and DES year 1 data. / Baxter, E. J.; Raghunathan, S.; Crawford, T. M.; Fosalba, P.; Hou, Z.; Holder, G. P.; Omori, Y.; Patil, S.; Rozo, Eduardo; Abbott, T. M.C.; Annis, J.; Aylor, K.; Benoit-Lévy, A.; Benson, B. A.; Bertin, E.; Bleem, L.; Buckley-Geer, E.; Burke, D. L.; Carlstrom, J.; Carnero Rosell, A.; Carrasco Kind, M.; Carretero, J.; Chang, C. L.; Cho, H. M.; Crites, A. T.; Crocce, M.; Cunha, C. E.; da Costa, L. N.; D'Andrea, C. B.; Davis, C.; de Haan, T.; Desai, S.; Dietrich, J. P.; Dobbs, M. A.; Dodelson, S.; Doel, P.; Drlica-Wagner, A.; Estrada, J.; Everett, W. B.; Fausti Neto, A.; Flaugher, B.; Frieman, J.; García-Bellido, J.; George, E. M.; Gaztanaga, E.; Giannantonio, T.; Gruen, D.; Gruendl, R. A.; Gschwend, J.; Gutierrez, G.; Halverson, N. W.; Harrington, N. L.; Hartley, W. G.; Holzapfel, W. L.; Honscheid, K.; Hrubes, J. D.; Jain, B.; James, D. J.; Jarvis, M.; Jeltema, T.; Knox, L.; Krause, E.; Kuehn, K.; Kuhlmann, S.; Kuropatkin, N.; Lahav, O.; Lee, A. T.; Leitch, E. M.; Li, T. S.; Lima, M.; Luong-Van, D.; Manzotti, A.; March, M.; Marrone, Daniel P; Marshall, J. L.; Martini, P.; McMahon, J. J.; Melchior, P.; Menanteau, F.; Meyer, S. S.; Miller, C. J.; Miquel, R.; Mocanu, L. M.; Mohr, J. J.; Natoli, T.; Nord, B.; Ogando, R. L.C.; Padin, S.; Plazas, A. A.; Pryke, C.; Rapetti, D.; Reichardt, C. L.; Romer, A. K.; Roodman, A.; Ruhl, J. E.; Rykoff, E.; Sako, M.; Sanchez, E.; Sayre, J. T.; Scarpine, V.; Schaffer, K. K.; Schindler, R.; Schubnell, M.; Sevilla-Noarbe, I.; Shirokoff, E.; Smith, M.; Smith, R. C.; Soares-Santos, M.; Sobreira, F.; Staniszewski, Z.; Stark, A.; Story, K.; Suchyta, E.; Tarle, G.; Thomas, D.; Troxel, M. A.; Vanderlinde, K.; Vieira, J. D.; Walker, A. R.; Williamson, R.; Zhang, Y.; Zuntz, J.

In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 476, No. 2, 11.05.2018, p. 2674-2688.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Baxter, EJ, Raghunathan, S, Crawford, TM, Fosalba, P, Hou, Z, Holder, GP, Omori, Y, Patil, S, Rozo, E, Abbott, TMC, Annis, J, Aylor, K, Benoit-Lévy, A, Benson, BA, Bertin, E, Bleem, L, Buckley-Geer, E, Burke, DL, Carlstrom, J, Carnero Rosell, A, Carrasco Kind, M, Carretero, J, Chang, CL, Cho, HM, Crites, AT, Crocce, M, Cunha, CE, da Costa, LN, D'Andrea, CB, Davis, C, de Haan, T, Desai, S, Dietrich, JP, Dobbs, MA, Dodelson, S, Doel, P, Drlica-Wagner, A, Estrada, J, Everett, WB, Fausti Neto, A, Flaugher, B, Frieman, J, García-Bellido, J, George, EM, Gaztanaga, E, Giannantonio, T, Gruen, D, Gruendl, RA, Gschwend, J, Gutierrez, G, Halverson, NW, Harrington, NL, Hartley, WG, Holzapfel, WL, Honscheid, K, Hrubes, JD, Jain, B, James, DJ, Jarvis, M, Jeltema, T, Knox, L, Krause, E, Kuehn, K, Kuhlmann, S, Kuropatkin, N, Lahav, O, Lee, AT, Leitch, EM, Li, TS, Lima, M, Luong-Van, D, Manzotti, A, March, M, Marrone, DP, Marshall, JL, Martini, P, McMahon, JJ, Melchior, P, Menanteau, F, Meyer, SS, Miller, CJ, Miquel, R, Mocanu, LM, Mohr, JJ, Natoli, T, Nord, B, Ogando, RLC, Padin, S, Plazas, AA, Pryke, C, Rapetti, D, Reichardt, CL, Romer, AK, Roodman, A, Ruhl, JE, Rykoff, E, Sako, M, Sanchez, E, Sayre, JT, Scarpine, V, Schaffer, KK, Schindler, R, Schubnell, M, Sevilla-Noarbe, I, Shirokoff, E, Smith, M, Smith, RC, Soares-Santos, M, Sobreira, F, Staniszewski, Z, Stark, A, Story, K, Suchyta, E, Tarle, G, Thomas, D, Troxel, MA, Vanderlinde, K, Vieira, JD, Walker, AR, Williamson, R, Zhang, Y & Zuntz, J 2018, 'A measurement of CMB cluster lensing with SPT and DES year 1 data', Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol. 476, no. 2, pp. 2674-2688. https://doi.org/10.1093/MNRAS/STY305
Baxter EJ, Raghunathan S, Crawford TM, Fosalba P, Hou Z, Holder GP et al. A measurement of CMB cluster lensing with SPT and DES year 1 data. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 2018 May 11;476(2):2674-2688. https://doi.org/10.1093/MNRAS/STY305
Baxter, E. J. ; Raghunathan, S. ; Crawford, T. M. ; Fosalba, P. ; Hou, Z. ; Holder, G. P. ; Omori, Y. ; Patil, S. ; Rozo, Eduardo ; Abbott, T. M.C. ; Annis, J. ; Aylor, K. ; Benoit-Lévy, A. ; Benson, B. A. ; Bertin, E. ; Bleem, L. ; Buckley-Geer, E. ; Burke, D. L. ; Carlstrom, J. ; Carnero Rosell, A. ; Carrasco Kind, M. ; Carretero, J. ; Chang, C. L. ; Cho, H. M. ; Crites, A. T. ; Crocce, M. ; Cunha, C. E. ; da Costa, L. N. ; D'Andrea, C. B. ; Davis, C. ; de Haan, T. ; Desai, S. ; Dietrich, J. P. ; Dobbs, M. A. ; Dodelson, S. ; Doel, P. ; Drlica-Wagner, A. ; Estrada, J. ; Everett, W. B. ; Fausti Neto, A. ; Flaugher, B. ; Frieman, J. ; García-Bellido, J. ; George, E. M. ; Gaztanaga, E. ; Giannantonio, T. ; Gruen, D. ; Gruendl, R. A. ; Gschwend, J. ; Gutierrez, G. ; Halverson, N. W. ; Harrington, N. L. ; Hartley, W. G. ; Holzapfel, W. L. ; Honscheid, K. ; Hrubes, J. D. ; Jain, B. ; James, D. J. ; Jarvis, M. ; Jeltema, T. ; Knox, L. ; Krause, E. ; Kuehn, K. ; Kuhlmann, S. ; Kuropatkin, N. ; Lahav, O. ; Lee, A. T. ; Leitch, E. M. ; Li, T. S. ; Lima, M. ; Luong-Van, D. ; Manzotti, A. ; March, M. ; Marrone, Daniel P ; Marshall, J. L. ; Martini, P. ; McMahon, J. J. ; Melchior, P. ; Menanteau, F. ; Meyer, S. S. ; Miller, C. J. ; Miquel, R. ; Mocanu, L. M. ; Mohr, J. J. ; Natoli, T. ; Nord, B. ; Ogando, R. L.C. ; Padin, S. ; Plazas, A. A. ; Pryke, C. ; Rapetti, D. ; Reichardt, C. L. ; Romer, A. K. ; Roodman, A. ; Ruhl, J. E. ; Rykoff, E. ; Sako, M. ; Sanchez, E. ; Sayre, J. T. ; Scarpine, V. ; Schaffer, K. K. ; Schindler, R. ; Schubnell, M. ; Sevilla-Noarbe, I. ; Shirokoff, E. ; Smith, M. ; Smith, R. C. ; Soares-Santos, M. ; Sobreira, F. ; Staniszewski, Z. ; Stark, A. ; Story, K. ; Suchyta, E. ; Tarle, G. ; Thomas, D. ; Troxel, M. A. ; Vanderlinde, K. ; Vieira, J. D. ; Walker, A. R. ; Williamson, R. ; Zhang, Y. ; Zuntz, J. / A measurement of CMB cluster lensing with SPT and DES year 1 data. In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 2018 ; Vol. 476, No. 2. pp. 2674-2688.
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title = "A measurement of CMB cluster lensing with SPT and DES year 1 data",
abstract = "Clusters of galaxies gravitationally lens the cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation, resulting in a distinct imprint in the CMB on arcminute scales. Measurement of this effect offers a promising way to constrain the masses of galaxy clusters, particularly those at high redshift. We use CMB maps from the South Pole Telescope Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) survey to measure the CMB lensing signal around galaxy clusters identified in optical imaging from first year observations of the Dark Energy Survey. The cluster catalogue used in this analysis contains 3697 members with mean redshift of z = 0.45. We detect lensing of the CMB by the galaxy clusters at 8.1s significance. Using the measured lensing signal, we constrain the amplitude of the relation between cluster mass and optical richness to roughly 17 per cent precision, finding good agreement with recent constraints obtained with galaxy lensing. The error budget is dominated by statistical noise but includes significant contributions from systematic biases due to the thermal SZ effect and cluster miscentring.",
keywords = "Cosmic background radiation, Galaxies: clusters: general, Gravitational lensing: weak",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - A measurement of CMB cluster lensing with SPT and DES year 1 data

AU - Baxter, E. J.

AU - Raghunathan, S.

AU - Crawford, T. M.

AU - Fosalba, P.

AU - Hou, Z.

AU - Holder, G. P.

AU - Omori, Y.

AU - Patil, S.

AU - Rozo, Eduardo

AU - Abbott, T. M.C.

AU - Annis, J.

AU - Aylor, K.

AU - Benoit-Lévy, A.

AU - Benson, B. A.

AU - Bertin, E.

AU - Bleem, L.

AU - Buckley-Geer, E.

AU - Burke, D. L.

AU - Carlstrom, J.

AU - Carnero Rosell, A.

AU - Carrasco Kind, M.

AU - Carretero, J.

AU - Chang, C. L.

AU - Cho, H. M.

AU - Crites, A. T.

AU - Crocce, M.

AU - Cunha, C. E.

AU - da Costa, L. N.

AU - D'Andrea, C. B.

AU - Davis, C.

AU - de Haan, T.

AU - Desai, S.

AU - Dietrich, J. P.

AU - Dobbs, M. A.

AU - Dodelson, S.

AU - Doel, P.

AU - Drlica-Wagner, A.

AU - Estrada, J.

AU - Everett, W. B.

AU - Fausti Neto, A.

AU - Flaugher, B.

AU - Frieman, J.

AU - García-Bellido, J.

AU - George, E. M.

AU - Gaztanaga, E.

AU - Giannantonio, T.

AU - Gruen, D.

AU - Gruendl, R. A.

AU - Gschwend, J.

AU - Gutierrez, G.

AU - Halverson, N. W.

AU - Harrington, N. L.

AU - Hartley, W. G.

AU - Holzapfel, W. L.

AU - Honscheid, K.

AU - Hrubes, J. D.

AU - Jain, B.

AU - James, D. J.

AU - Jarvis, M.

AU - Jeltema, T.

AU - Knox, L.

AU - Krause, E.

AU - Kuehn, K.

AU - Kuhlmann, S.

AU - Kuropatkin, N.

AU - Lahav, O.

AU - Lee, A. T.

AU - Leitch, E. M.

AU - Li, T. S.

AU - Lima, M.

AU - Luong-Van, D.

AU - Manzotti, A.

AU - March, M.

AU - Marrone, Daniel P

AU - Marshall, J. L.

AU - Martini, P.

AU - McMahon, J. J.

AU - Melchior, P.

AU - Menanteau, F.

AU - Meyer, S. S.

AU - Miller, C. J.

AU - Miquel, R.

AU - Mocanu, L. M.

AU - Mohr, J. J.

AU - Natoli, T.

AU - Nord, B.

AU - Ogando, R. L.C.

AU - Padin, S.

AU - Plazas, A. A.

AU - Pryke, C.

AU - Rapetti, D.

AU - Reichardt, C. L.

AU - Romer, A. K.

AU - Roodman, A.

AU - Ruhl, J. E.

AU - Rykoff, E.

AU - Sako, M.

AU - Sanchez, E.

AU - Sayre, J. T.

AU - Scarpine, V.

AU - Schaffer, K. K.

AU - Schindler, R.

AU - Schubnell, M.

AU - Sevilla-Noarbe, I.

AU - Shirokoff, E.

AU - Smith, M.

AU - Smith, R. C.

AU - Soares-Santos, M.

AU - Sobreira, F.

AU - Staniszewski, Z.

AU - Stark, A.

AU - Story, K.

AU - Suchyta, E.

AU - Tarle, G.

AU - Thomas, D.

AU - Troxel, M. A.

AU - Vanderlinde, K.

AU - Vieira, J. D.

AU - Walker, A. R.

AU - Williamson, R.

AU - Zhang, Y.

AU - Zuntz, J.

PY - 2018/5/11

Y1 - 2018/5/11

N2 - Clusters of galaxies gravitationally lens the cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation, resulting in a distinct imprint in the CMB on arcminute scales. Measurement of this effect offers a promising way to constrain the masses of galaxy clusters, particularly those at high redshift. We use CMB maps from the South Pole Telescope Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) survey to measure the CMB lensing signal around galaxy clusters identified in optical imaging from first year observations of the Dark Energy Survey. The cluster catalogue used in this analysis contains 3697 members with mean redshift of z = 0.45. We detect lensing of the CMB by the galaxy clusters at 8.1s significance. Using the measured lensing signal, we constrain the amplitude of the relation between cluster mass and optical richness to roughly 17 per cent precision, finding good agreement with recent constraints obtained with galaxy lensing. The error budget is dominated by statistical noise but includes significant contributions from systematic biases due to the thermal SZ effect and cluster miscentring.

AB - Clusters of galaxies gravitationally lens the cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation, resulting in a distinct imprint in the CMB on arcminute scales. Measurement of this effect offers a promising way to constrain the masses of galaxy clusters, particularly those at high redshift. We use CMB maps from the South Pole Telescope Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) survey to measure the CMB lensing signal around galaxy clusters identified in optical imaging from first year observations of the Dark Energy Survey. The cluster catalogue used in this analysis contains 3697 members with mean redshift of z = 0.45. We detect lensing of the CMB by the galaxy clusters at 8.1s significance. Using the measured lensing signal, we constrain the amplitude of the relation between cluster mass and optical richness to roughly 17 per cent precision, finding good agreement with recent constraints obtained with galaxy lensing. The error budget is dominated by statistical noise but includes significant contributions from systematic biases due to the thermal SZ effect and cluster miscentring.

KW - Cosmic background radiation

KW - Galaxies: clusters: general

KW - Gravitational lensing: weak

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DO - 10.1093/MNRAS/STY305

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JO - Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

JF - Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

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