A metabolic and pharmacokinetic comparison of theophylline and aminophylline (theophylline ethylenediamine)


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16 Scopus citations


The metabolism and pharmacokinetics of intravenously administered theophylline and aminophylline (theophylline ethylenediamine) have been studied in 3 volunteers, using 14C‐labelled theophylline. Both compounds were metabolized extensively and 1, 3‐dimethyl‐uric acid, 1‐methyluric acid, 3‐methylxanthine and two unknown minor metabolites were excreted in the urine, in addition to theophylline. The elimination of theophylline, 1, 3‐dimethyluric acid, 1‐methyluric acid and the unknown metabolites followed first‐order kinetics, but that of 3‐methylxanthine followed Michaelis‐Menten kinetics. When given as aminophylline, theophylline was metabolized more rapidly and extensively than when given alone. The recovery of 14C in the urine was significantly higher after aminophylline than after theophylline. Abstention from intake of dietary methylxanthines for 7 days resulted in more rapid and extensive metabolism of aminophylline compared with results from the same subjects on their usual diets. The results indicate that, from a metabolic and pharmacokinetic viewpoint, aminophylline and theophylline are not equivalent. 1981 Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)93-97
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Sep 1981

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science

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