A novel method was developed to directly measure the substrate temperature during copper chemical mechanical planarization (CMP). Using specially designed wafer carriers, substrate temperatures were obtained in real-time with an infrared camera. Results indicate that substrate temperatures are higher than pad temperatures. In addition, the substrate temperature distribution appears to be closely related to slurry flow beneath the substrate during polishing. A three-dimensional thermal model was also developed to simulate the pad and wafer temperatures. Simulations support the interpretation of the experimental data.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry