The anthracycline analog 4′-deoxydoxorubicin (4′ -deoxyDX) is a clinically promising antineoplastic agent due to its high potency, broad spectrum of activity, and decreased cardiotoxicity relative to DX. To assess its physicochemical properties and disposition kinetics, we have developed a rapid, sensitive, and precise HPLC assay for the simultaneous analysis of 4′ -deoxyDX and its potential metabolites in biological samples. The assay has a detection limit of 5 ng/ml with an average recovery of 95 ± 5%. Precision of the assay is less than 7%. Using this assay we have measured the concentrations of 4′-deoxyDX in patient plasma and urine after an intravenous injection of 4′-deoxyDX. A major metabolite, which co-eluted chromatographically with 4′-deoxydoxorubicinol, was observed in both plasma and urine.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)