A new proposed simplified classification of coronary artery bifurcation lesions and bifurcation interventional techniques

Mohammad Reza Movahed, Curtiss T. Stinis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Scopus citations


Current classification systems of coronary bifurcation lesions are confusing and difficult to memorize. As coronary revascularization techniques become increasingly complex, it is important to establish a universal classification system. This manuscript proposes a simplified classification system that uses a combination of letters and numbers to provide a clinically relevant anatomic description of a given coronary artery bifurcation lesion. This classification consists of the prefix B (for Bifurcation lesion), followed by the addition of 4 separate suffixes. The first suffix consists of one of the letters C, N, S, or L. C = Close to the bifurcation: the lesion is close to a bifurcation, but the distance from the carina is more than the width of the plaque protruding into the lumen; N = Bifurcation lesion with one branch being Nonsignificant: nonsignificant being defined as less than 2.0 mm vessel diameter; S = Small proximal segment; or L = Large proximal segment: large defined as more than two-thirds of the sum of the diameters of both branch vessels. The second suffix describes the number of diseased ostia. 1M = only the Main vessel ostium is involved; 1S = only the Side branch ostium is involved; or 2 = both ostia are involved. The third suffix classifies the angle between the bifurcation vessels and uses the letters V or T; V = the angle between the two branches is less than 70 degrees, T = angle more than 70 degrees. The fourth suffixes are optional: CA for calcified, LM for left main involvement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)199-204
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Invasive Cardiology
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 2006


  • Classification
  • Coronary bifurcation
  • PCI
  • Percutaneous coronary intervention
  • Stenting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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