A new subfamily classification of the leguminosae based on a taxonomically comprehensive phylogeny

Nasim Azani, Marielle Babineau, C. Donovan Bailey, Hannah Banks, Ariane R. Barbosa, Rafael Barbosa Pinto, James S. Boatwright, Leonardo M. Borges, Gillian K. Brown, Anne Bruneau, Elisa Candido, Domingos Cardoso, Kuo Fang Chung, Ruth P. Clark, Adilva De S. Conceição, Michael Crisp, Paloma Cubas, Alfonso Delgado-Salinas, Kyle G. Dexter, Jeff J. Doyle & 31 others Jérôme Duminil, Ashley N. Egan, Manuel De La Estrella, Marcus J. Falcão, Dmitry A. Filatov, Ana Paula Fortuna-Perez, Renée H. Fortunato, Edeline Gagnon, Peter Gasson, Juliana Gastaldello Rando, Ana Maria Goulart de Azevedo Tozzi, Bee Gunn, David Harris, Elspeth Haston, Julie A. Hawkins, Patrick S. Herendeen, Colin E. Hughes, João R.V. Iganci, Firouzeh Javadi, Sheku Alfred Kanu, Shahrokh Kazempour-Osaloo, Geoffrey C. Kite, Bente B. Klitgaard, Fábio J. Kochanovski, Erik J.M. Koenen, Lynsey Kovar, Matt Lavin, Marianne Le Roux, Gwilym P. Lewis, Michael J. Sanderson, The Legume Phylogeny Working Group (LPWG)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • 67 Citations

Abstract

The classification of the legume family proposed here addresses the long-known non-monophyly of the traditionally recognised subfamily Caesalpinioideae, by recognising six robustly supported monophyletic subfamilies. This new classification uses as its framework the most comprehensive phylogenetic analyses of legumes to date, based on plastid matK gene sequences, and including near-complete sampling of genera (698 of the currently recognised 765 genera) and ca. 20% (3696) of known species. The matK gene region has been the most widely sequenced across the legumes, and in most legume lineages, this gene region is sufficiently variable to yield well-supported clades. This analysis resolves the same major clades as in other phylogenies of whole plastid and nuclear gene sets (with much sparser taxon sampling). Our analysis improves upon previous studies that have used large phylogenies of the Leguminosae for addressing evolutionary questions, because it maximises generic sampling and provides a phylogenetic tree that is based on a fully curated set of sequences that are vouchered and taxonomically validated. The phylogenetic trees obtained and the underlying data are available to browse and download, facilitating subsequent analyses that require evolutionary trees. Here we propose a new community-endorsed classification of the family that reflects the phylogenetic structure that is consistently resolved and recognises six subfamilies in Leguminosae: a recircumscribed Caesalpinioideae DC., Cercidoideae Legume Phylogeny Working Group (stat. nov.), Detarioideae Burmeist., Dialioideae Legume Phylogeny Working Group (stat. nov.), Duparquetioideae Legume Phylogeny Working Group (stat. nov.), and Papilionoideae DC. The traditionally recognised subfamily Mimosoideae is a distinct clade nested within the recircumscribed Caesalpinioideae and is referred to informally as the mimosoid clade pending a forthcoming formal tribal and/or cladebased classification of the new Caesalpinioideae. We provide a key for subfamily identification, descriptions with diagnostic charactertistics for the subfamilies, figures illustrating their floral and fruit diversity, and lists of genera by subfamily. This new classification of Leguminosae represents a consensus view of the international legume systematics community; it invokes both compromise and practicality of use.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages44-77
Number of pages34
JournalTaxon
Volume66
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2017

Fingerprint

new subfamily
Fabaceae
phylogeny
legumes
taxonomy
Caesalpinioideae
new status
phylogenetics
gene
plastid
sampling
plastids
Mimosoideae
Faboideae
genes
fruit
nucleotide sequences
fruits

Keywords

  • Caesalpinioideae
  • Cercidoideae
  • Detarioideae
  • Dialioideae
  • Duparquetioideae
  • Mimosoid clade
  • Papilionoideae
  • Plastid matK phylogeny

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Plant Science

Cite this

Azani, N., Babineau, M., Bailey, C. D., Banks, H., Barbosa, A. R., Pinto, R. B., ... The Legume Phylogeny Working Group (LPWG) (2017). A new subfamily classification of the leguminosae based on a taxonomically comprehensive phylogeny. Taxon, 66(1), 44-77. DOI: 10.12705/661.3

A new subfamily classification of the leguminosae based on a taxonomically comprehensive phylogeny. / Azani, Nasim; Babineau, Marielle; Bailey, C. Donovan; Banks, Hannah; Barbosa, Ariane R.; Pinto, Rafael Barbosa; Boatwright, James S.; Borges, Leonardo M.; Brown, Gillian K.; Bruneau, Anne; Candido, Elisa; Cardoso, Domingos; Chung, Kuo Fang; Clark, Ruth P.; Conceição, Adilva De S.; Crisp, Michael; Cubas, Paloma; Delgado-Salinas, Alfonso; Dexter, Kyle G.; Doyle, Jeff J.; Duminil, Jérôme; Egan, Ashley N.; De La Estrella, Manuel; Falcão, Marcus J.; Filatov, Dmitry A.; Fortuna-Perez, Ana Paula; Fortunato, Renée H.; Gagnon, Edeline; Gasson, Peter; Rando, Juliana Gastaldello; Tozzi, Ana Maria Goulart de Azevedo; Gunn, Bee; Harris, David; Haston, Elspeth; Hawkins, Julie A.; Herendeen, Patrick S.; Hughes, Colin E.; Iganci, João R.V.; Javadi, Firouzeh; Kanu, Sheku Alfred; Kazempour-Osaloo, Shahrokh; Kite, Geoffrey C.; Klitgaard, Bente B.; Kochanovski, Fábio J.; Koenen, Erik J.M.; Kovar, Lynsey; Lavin, Matt; Roux, Marianne Le; Lewis, Gwilym P.; Sanderson, Michael J.; The Legume Phylogeny Working Group (LPWG).

In: Taxon, Vol. 66, No. 1, 01.02.2017, p. 44-77.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Azani, N, Babineau, M, Bailey, CD, Banks, H, Barbosa, AR, Pinto, RB, Boatwright, JS, Borges, LM, Brown, GK, Bruneau, A, Candido, E, Cardoso, D, Chung, KF, Clark, RP, Conceição, ADS, Crisp, M, Cubas, P, Delgado-Salinas, A, Dexter, KG, Doyle, JJ, Duminil, J, Egan, AN, De La Estrella, M, Falcão, MJ, Filatov, DA, Fortuna-Perez, AP, Fortunato, RH, Gagnon, E, Gasson, P, Rando, JG, Tozzi, AMGDA, Gunn, B, Harris, D, Haston, E, Hawkins, JA, Herendeen, PS, Hughes, CE, Iganci, JRV, Javadi, F, Kanu, SA, Kazempour-Osaloo, S, Kite, GC, Klitgaard, BB, Kochanovski, FJ, Koenen, EJM, Kovar, L, Lavin, M, Roux, ML, Lewis, GP, Sanderson, MJ & The Legume Phylogeny Working Group (LPWG) 2017, 'A new subfamily classification of the leguminosae based on a taxonomically comprehensive phylogeny' Taxon, vol. 66, no. 1, pp. 44-77. DOI: 10.12705/661.3
Azani N, Babineau M, Bailey CD, Banks H, Barbosa AR, Pinto RB et al. A new subfamily classification of the leguminosae based on a taxonomically comprehensive phylogeny. Taxon. 2017 Feb 1;66(1):44-77. Available from, DOI: 10.12705/661.3
Azani, Nasim ; Babineau, Marielle ; Bailey, C. Donovan ; Banks, Hannah ; Barbosa, Ariane R. ; Pinto, Rafael Barbosa ; Boatwright, James S. ; Borges, Leonardo M. ; Brown, Gillian K. ; Bruneau, Anne ; Candido, Elisa ; Cardoso, Domingos ; Chung, Kuo Fang ; Clark, Ruth P. ; Conceição, Adilva De S. ; Crisp, Michael ; Cubas, Paloma ; Delgado-Salinas, Alfonso ; Dexter, Kyle G. ; Doyle, Jeff J. ; Duminil, Jérôme ; Egan, Ashley N. ; De La Estrella, Manuel ; Falcão, Marcus J. ; Filatov, Dmitry A. ; Fortuna-Perez, Ana Paula ; Fortunato, Renée H. ; Gagnon, Edeline ; Gasson, Peter ; Rando, Juliana Gastaldello ; Tozzi, Ana Maria Goulart de Azevedo ; Gunn, Bee ; Harris, David ; Haston, Elspeth ; Hawkins, Julie A. ; Herendeen, Patrick S. ; Hughes, Colin E. ; Iganci, João R.V. ; Javadi, Firouzeh ; Kanu, Sheku Alfred ; Kazempour-Osaloo, Shahrokh ; Kite, Geoffrey C. ; Klitgaard, Bente B. ; Kochanovski, Fábio J. ; Koenen, Erik J.M. ; Kovar, Lynsey ; Lavin, Matt ; Roux, Marianne Le ; Lewis, Gwilym P. ; Sanderson, Michael J. ; The Legume Phylogeny Working Group (LPWG). / A new subfamily classification of the leguminosae based on a taxonomically comprehensive phylogeny. In: Taxon. 2017 ; Vol. 66, No. 1. pp. 44-77
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abstract = "The classification of the legume family proposed here addresses the long-known non-monophyly of the traditionally recognised subfamily Caesalpinioideae, by recognising six robustly supported monophyletic subfamilies. This new classification uses as its framework the most comprehensive phylogenetic analyses of legumes to date, based on plastid matK gene sequences, and including near-complete sampling of genera (698 of the currently recognised 765 genera) and ca. 20{\%} (3696) of known species. The matK gene region has been the most widely sequenced across the legumes, and in most legume lineages, this gene region is sufficiently variable to yield well-supported clades. This analysis resolves the same major clades as in other phylogenies of whole plastid and nuclear gene sets (with much sparser taxon sampling). Our analysis improves upon previous studies that have used large phylogenies of the Leguminosae for addressing evolutionary questions, because it maximises generic sampling and provides a phylogenetic tree that is based on a fully curated set of sequences that are vouchered and taxonomically validated. The phylogenetic trees obtained and the underlying data are available to browse and download, facilitating subsequent analyses that require evolutionary trees. Here we propose a new community-endorsed classification of the family that reflects the phylogenetic structure that is consistently resolved and recognises six subfamilies in Leguminosae: a recircumscribed Caesalpinioideae DC., Cercidoideae Legume Phylogeny Working Group (stat. nov.), Detarioideae Burmeist., Dialioideae Legume Phylogeny Working Group (stat. nov.), Duparquetioideae Legume Phylogeny Working Group (stat. nov.), and Papilionoideae DC. The traditionally recognised subfamily Mimosoideae is a distinct clade nested within the recircumscribed Caesalpinioideae and is referred to informally as the mimosoid clade pending a forthcoming formal tribal and/or cladebased classification of the new Caesalpinioideae. We provide a key for subfamily identification, descriptions with diagnostic charactertistics for the subfamilies, figures illustrating their floral and fruit diversity, and lists of genera by subfamily. This new classification of Leguminosae represents a consensus view of the international legume systematics community; it invokes both compromise and practicality of use.",
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T1 - A new subfamily classification of the leguminosae based on a taxonomically comprehensive phylogeny

AU - Azani,Nasim

AU - Babineau,Marielle

AU - Bailey,C. Donovan

AU - Banks,Hannah

AU - Barbosa,Ariane R.

AU - Pinto,Rafael Barbosa

AU - Boatwright,James S.

AU - Borges,Leonardo M.

AU - Brown,Gillian K.

AU - Bruneau,Anne

AU - Candido,Elisa

AU - Cardoso,Domingos

AU - Chung,Kuo Fang

AU - Clark,Ruth P.

AU - Conceição,Adilva De S.

AU - Crisp,Michael

AU - Cubas,Paloma

AU - Delgado-Salinas,Alfonso

AU - Dexter,Kyle G.

AU - Doyle,Jeff J.

AU - Duminil,Jérôme

AU - Egan,Ashley N.

AU - De La Estrella,Manuel

AU - Falcão,Marcus J.

AU - Filatov,Dmitry A.

AU - Fortuna-Perez,Ana Paula

AU - Fortunato,Renée H.

AU - Gagnon,Edeline

AU - Gasson,Peter

AU - Rando,Juliana Gastaldello

AU - Tozzi,Ana Maria Goulart de Azevedo

AU - Gunn,Bee

AU - Harris,David

AU - Haston,Elspeth

AU - Hawkins,Julie A.

AU - Herendeen,Patrick S.

AU - Hughes,Colin E.

AU - Iganci,João R.V.

AU - Javadi,Firouzeh

AU - Kanu,Sheku Alfred

AU - Kazempour-Osaloo,Shahrokh

AU - Kite,Geoffrey C.

AU - Klitgaard,Bente B.

AU - Kochanovski,Fábio J.

AU - Koenen,Erik J.M.

AU - Kovar,Lynsey

AU - Lavin,Matt

AU - Roux,Marianne Le

AU - Lewis,Gwilym P.

AU - Sanderson,Michael J.

AU - The Legume Phylogeny Working Group (LPWG)

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N2 - The classification of the legume family proposed here addresses the long-known non-monophyly of the traditionally recognised subfamily Caesalpinioideae, by recognising six robustly supported monophyletic subfamilies. This new classification uses as its framework the most comprehensive phylogenetic analyses of legumes to date, based on plastid matK gene sequences, and including near-complete sampling of genera (698 of the currently recognised 765 genera) and ca. 20% (3696) of known species. The matK gene region has been the most widely sequenced across the legumes, and in most legume lineages, this gene region is sufficiently variable to yield well-supported clades. This analysis resolves the same major clades as in other phylogenies of whole plastid and nuclear gene sets (with much sparser taxon sampling). Our analysis improves upon previous studies that have used large phylogenies of the Leguminosae for addressing evolutionary questions, because it maximises generic sampling and provides a phylogenetic tree that is based on a fully curated set of sequences that are vouchered and taxonomically validated. The phylogenetic trees obtained and the underlying data are available to browse and download, facilitating subsequent analyses that require evolutionary trees. Here we propose a new community-endorsed classification of the family that reflects the phylogenetic structure that is consistently resolved and recognises six subfamilies in Leguminosae: a recircumscribed Caesalpinioideae DC., Cercidoideae Legume Phylogeny Working Group (stat. nov.), Detarioideae Burmeist., Dialioideae Legume Phylogeny Working Group (stat. nov.), Duparquetioideae Legume Phylogeny Working Group (stat. nov.), and Papilionoideae DC. The traditionally recognised subfamily Mimosoideae is a distinct clade nested within the recircumscribed Caesalpinioideae and is referred to informally as the mimosoid clade pending a forthcoming formal tribal and/or cladebased classification of the new Caesalpinioideae. We provide a key for subfamily identification, descriptions with diagnostic charactertistics for the subfamilies, figures illustrating their floral and fruit diversity, and lists of genera by subfamily. This new classification of Leguminosae represents a consensus view of the international legume systematics community; it invokes both compromise and practicality of use.

AB - The classification of the legume family proposed here addresses the long-known non-monophyly of the traditionally recognised subfamily Caesalpinioideae, by recognising six robustly supported monophyletic subfamilies. This new classification uses as its framework the most comprehensive phylogenetic analyses of legumes to date, based on plastid matK gene sequences, and including near-complete sampling of genera (698 of the currently recognised 765 genera) and ca. 20% (3696) of known species. The matK gene region has been the most widely sequenced across the legumes, and in most legume lineages, this gene region is sufficiently variable to yield well-supported clades. This analysis resolves the same major clades as in other phylogenies of whole plastid and nuclear gene sets (with much sparser taxon sampling). Our analysis improves upon previous studies that have used large phylogenies of the Leguminosae for addressing evolutionary questions, because it maximises generic sampling and provides a phylogenetic tree that is based on a fully curated set of sequences that are vouchered and taxonomically validated. The phylogenetic trees obtained and the underlying data are available to browse and download, facilitating subsequent analyses that require evolutionary trees. Here we propose a new community-endorsed classification of the family that reflects the phylogenetic structure that is consistently resolved and recognises six subfamilies in Leguminosae: a recircumscribed Caesalpinioideae DC., Cercidoideae Legume Phylogeny Working Group (stat. nov.), Detarioideae Burmeist., Dialioideae Legume Phylogeny Working Group (stat. nov.), Duparquetioideae Legume Phylogeny Working Group (stat. nov.), and Papilionoideae DC. The traditionally recognised subfamily Mimosoideae is a distinct clade nested within the recircumscribed Caesalpinioideae and is referred to informally as the mimosoid clade pending a forthcoming formal tribal and/or cladebased classification of the new Caesalpinioideae. We provide a key for subfamily identification, descriptions with diagnostic charactertistics for the subfamilies, figures illustrating their floral and fruit diversity, and lists of genera by subfamily. This new classification of Leguminosae represents a consensus view of the international legume systematics community; it invokes both compromise and practicality of use.

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KW - Mimosoid clade

KW - Papilionoideae

KW - Plastid matK phylogeny

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