A new survivable damage control model including hypothermia, hemodilution, and liver injury

Beat Schnüriger, Kenji Inaba, Galinos Barmparas, Peter Rhee, Bradley Putty, Bernardino C. Branco, Peep Talving, Demetrios Demetriades

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The purpose of this article is to describe a new model of traumatic intra-cavitary hemorrhage in a hypothermic, hemodiluted liver injury model that incorporates damage control principles and allows for survival. Materials and Methods: Twenty swine underwent a standardized 35% blood volume hemorrhage followed by resuscitation. Ten animals sustained nonsurgical and 10 a surgical high-grade liver injury. In the surgical liver injury, damage control gauze packing was performed. No operative treatment was provided for the nonsurgical liver injury, which was designed to test the efficacy of systemic hemostatic agents. After a 15min treatment phase, the abdominal cavity was closed, with the packing in place for the surgical injury, and all animals were resuscitated. Necropsy was performed at 48h post-injury. Results: At the time of liver injury, the animals were hemodiluted and hypothermic. Both injuries caused a 20% drop in the mean arterial pressure from baseline (P < 0.001). Comparing baseline thromboelastography results with the results after hemodilution, hypothermia, and liver injury, a hypercoagulopathic state was observed. Mortality was 30% for both types of liver injury. The mean volume of intra-abdominal blood present at autopsy was similar for both types of liver injuries (202 ± 161mL and 214 ± 203mL, respectively). Conclusion: A new model of traumatic intra-cavitary hemorrhage in a hypothermic, hemodiluted liver injury model with damage control that allows for survival has been described. The mortality rate of 30% allows for the comparison of therapeutic interventions that may lead to improved survival.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)99-105
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Volume169
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2011

Keywords

  • animal model
  • coagulopathy
  • damage control
  • hemodilution
  • hypothermia
  • liver injury
  • trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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    Schnüriger, B., Inaba, K., Barmparas, G., Rhee, P., Putty, B., Branco, B. C., Talving, P., & Demetriades, D. (2011). A new survivable damage control model including hypothermia, hemodilution, and liver injury. Journal of Surgical Research, 169(1), 99-105. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2009.09.027