A new transducer holder mechanism has been designed and fabricated for pipe inspection by cylindrical guided waves. Commercially available ultrasonic transducers have been used to generate compressional ultrasonic waves in the coupling medium. Those waves are converted to cylindrical guided waves in the pipe by the new coupling mechanism. A number of advanced coupling mechanisms developed recently for large plate and pipe inspection require the presence of a coupling fluid between the ultrasonic transducer and the pipe or plate specimen. These mechanisms can be used for inspecting horizontal pipes and plates. The new coupling mechanism presented in this article uses solid material as the coupler and can be used equally well for inspecting horizontal as well as inclined or vertical pipes. The new coupling mechanism has been designed to generate efficiently different Lamb modes in the pipe. The new design has been used to inspect different kinds of anomalies in copper and aluminum pipes. The preliminary results show that a number of Lamb modes, when generated properly by the new coupling mechanism, are very sensitive to the pipe defects. These experimental results along with the new design of the coupling mechanism are presented in this article.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics