A Novel, Highly Related Jumbo Family of Bacteriophages That Were Isolated Against Erwinia

Ruchira Sharma, Brittany A. Pielstick, Kimberly A. Bell, Tanner B. Nieman, Olivia A. Stubbs, Edward L. Yeates, David A. Baltrus, Julianne H. Grose

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Erwinia amylovora is a plant pathogen from the Erwiniaceae family and a causative agent of the devastating agricultural disease fire blight. Here we characterize eight lytic bacteriophages of E. amylovora that we isolated from the Wasatch front (Utah, United States) that are highly similar to vB_EamM_Ea35-70 which was isolated in Ontario, Canada. With the genome size ranging from 271 to 275 kb, this is a novel jumbo family of bacteriophages. These jumbo bacteriophages were further characterized through genomic and proteomic comparison, mass spectrometry, host range and burst size. Their proteomes are highly unstudied, with over 200 putative proteins with no known homologs. The production of 27 of these putative proteins was confirmed by mass spectrometry analysis. These bacteriophages appear to be most similar to bacteriophages that infect Pseudomonas and Ralstonia rather than Enterobacteriales bacteria by protein similarity, however, we were only able to detect infection of Erwinia and the closely related strains of Pantoea.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1533
JournalFrontiers in Microbiology
Volume10
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 23 2019

Keywords

  • Agrican357virus
  • Erwinia
  • Pantoea
  • burst size
  • genome
  • jumbo bacteriophage
  • novel
  • proteome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Microbiology (medical)

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