The effects of heterospecific combinations of mouse chromosome 17 on male fertility and transmission ratio were investigated through a series of breeding studies. Animals were bred to carry complete chromosome 17 homologs, or portions thereof, from three different sources-Mus domesticus, Mus spretus and t haplotypes. These chromosome 17 combinations were analyzed for fertility within the context of a M. domesticus or M. spretus genetic background. Two new forms of hybrid sterility were identified. First, the heterospecific combination of M. spretus and t haplotype homologs leads to complete male sterility on both M. spretus and M. domesticus genetic backgrounds. This is an example of symmetrical hybrid sterility. Second, the presence of a single M. domesticus chromosome 17 homolog within a M. spretus background causes sterility, however, the same combination of chromosome 17 homologs does not cause sterility within the M. domesticus background. This is a case of asymmetrical hybrid sterility. Through an analysis of recombinant chromosomes, it was possible to map the M. domesticus. M. spretus and t haplotype alleles responsible for these two hybrid sterility phenotypes to the same novel locus (Hybrid sterility-4). Previous structural studies had led to the hypothesis that the ancestral t haplotype originated through an introgression event from M. spretus or a related species. If this were true, one might expect that (1) M. spretus homologs would be transmitted at a non-Mendelian ratio within the M. domesticus background, and (2) t haplotypes would be transmitted at a ratio closer to Mendelian within the M. spretus background. The functional data generated in the current study indicate that neither of these predictions is fulfilled, and thus, the M. spretus introgression hypothesis appears to be unlikely.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|State||Published - Nov 1 1991|
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