A pharmacoepidemiological study of the multi-level determinants, predictors, and clinical outcomes of biosimilar epoetin alfa for renal anaemia in haemodialysis patients: Background and methodology of the MONITOR-CKD5 study

Loreto Gesualdo, Gérard London, Matthew Turner, Christopher Lee, Karen MacDonald, David Goldsmith, Adrian Covic, Philippe Zaoui, Christian Combe, Johannes Mann, Frank Dellanna, Michael Muenzberg, Ivo Abraham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Prior longitudinal observational studies have examined the practice patterns and outcomes of anaemia management, including the use of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs). Several dimensions of effectiveness remain unaddressed; especially considering the revised ESA label (target Hb levels between 10 and 12 g/dL), the recently published TREAT study, and the European approval of the first ESA biosimilar (HX575). Anecdotal evidence suggests that patient outcomes are influenced by physician-related variables and whether anaemia management is congruent with practice guidelines, but this has not been studied systematically. MONITOR-CKD5 is an international, prospective, observational, pharmacoepidemiological study evaluating the multi-level factors and outcomes of treatment with HX575 for renal anaemia in haemodialysis patients. Driven by a novel, integrated, multi-focal framework for post-approval observational studies, it examines determinants of response at both the patient and the physician level; integrates an advocated statistical methodology here to fore used mainly in the social and behavioural sciences; assesses factors potentially predictive of a poor treatment response; and evaluates the extent to which treatment is congruent with evidence-based guidelines, good practice evidence, and the revised ESA label. This pan-European study will recruit at least 1,000 patients from a minimum of 75 centres, and follow them for up to 24 months following initiation of anaemia management with biosimilar epoetin alfa. MONITOR-CKD5 will not only study the core issues addressed by prior observational studies but also aims to take knowledge discovery a step further by assessing outcomes across varying cohorts of patients, and examining the impact of evidence-based practice on clinical outcomes, differentiating, in the process, between physician-level and patient-level determinants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)389-399
Number of pages11
JournalInternal and Emergency Medicine
Volume8
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2013

Keywords

  • Biosimilar
  • Erythropoietin
  • Haemodialysis
  • Pharmacoepidemiology
  • Renal anaemia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Emergency Medicine

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