Background: YM155, a small-molecule survivin suppressor, showed modest single-agent activity in a phase I study of heavily pretreated patients. This study was conducted to determine the activity of YM155 in patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) who received prior taxane therapy. Patients and methods: Patients received 4.8 mg/m. 2/day of YM155 over 168-h continuous i.v. infusion every 3 weeks. Study end points included prostate-specific antigen (PSA) response, objective tumor response, safety, progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Results: Thirty-five patients were enrolled. Two of 32 (6.2%) assessable patients had a PSA response and 2 additional patients had PSA decrements >50% but not confirmed. One of 16 (6.2%) patients also had a partial response per RECIST V1. Median PFS and OS were 3.1 and 11.2 months, respectively. The most common adverse events were fatigue (63%), nausea (40%), anorexia (31%), constipation (31%), fever (26%) and vomiting (26%). Conclusions: YM155 has modest activity in taxane-pretreated CRPC with 25% of patients having prolonged stable disease (≥18 weeks). The regimen appears to be well tolerated. Based on the mechanism of action and preclinical evidence of synergy with docetaxel (Taxotere), YM155 combined with docetaxel is being evaluated in patients with CRPC.
- Prostate cancer
ASJC Scopus subject areas