Twenty-two evaluable patients with advanced adenocarcinoma of the pancreas, but without prior chemotherapy or immunotherapy, received recombinant tumor necrosis factor (rTNF). rTNF was given as an intravenous infusion over 30 min daily x 5, every 14 days, at a starting dose of 150 (μg/m2/day. Toxicities included fevers/rigors, nausea/vomiting/anorexia, flu-like symptoms, hypotension, hyperglycemia, anemia, coagulopathy, hepatotoxicity, and hypertriglyceridemia. Laboratory evidence of disseminated intravascular coagulopathy occurred in 11 patients, with only 3 of these patients having clinical manifestations. Two patients suffered from pulmonary emboli. The high incidence of coagulopathy was felt to be, at least in part, disease related. No objective responses were observed with a 95% confidence interval of 0-15%.
- Pancreatic adenocarcinoma
- Recombinant tumor necrosis factor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy
- Cancer Research