A photometric redshift of z = 6.39 ± 0.12 for GRB 050904

J. B. Haislip, M. C. Nysewander, D. E. Reichart, A. Levan, N. Tanvir, S. B. Cenko, D. B. Fox, P. A. Price, A. J. Castro-Tirado, J. Gorosabel, C. R. Evans, E. Figueredo, C. L. MacLeod, J. R. Kirschbrown, M. Jelinek, S. Guziy, A. De Ugarte Postigo, E. S. Cypriano, A. LaCluyze, J. GrahamR. Priddey, R. Chapman, J. Rhoads, A. S. Fruchter, D. Q. Lamb, C. Kouveliotou, R. A M J Wijers, M. B. Bayliss, B. P. Schmidt, A. M. Soderberg, S. R. Kulkarni, F. A. Harrison, D. S. Moon, A. Gal-Yam, M. M. Kasliwal, R. Hudec, S. Vitek, P. Kubanek, J. A. Crain, A. C. Foster, J. C. Clemens, J. W. Bartelme, R. Canterna, D. H. Hartmann, A. A. Henden, S. Klose, H. S. Park, George G Williams, E. Rol, P. O'Brien, D. Bersier, F. Prada, S. Pizarro, D. Maturana, P. Ugarte, A. Alvarez, A. J M Fernandez, M. J. Jarvis, M. Moles, E. Alfaro, K. M. Ivarsen, N. D. Kumar, C. E. Mack, C. M. Zdarowicz, N. Gehrels, S. Barthelmy, D. N. Burrows

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Abstract

Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) and their afterglows are the most brilliant transient events in the Universe. Both the bursts themselves and their afterglows have been predicted to be visible out to redshifts of z ≈ 20, and therefore to be powerful probes of the early Universe1,2. The burst GRB 000131, at z = 4.50, was hitherto the most distant such event identified3. Here we report the discovery of the bright near-infrared afterglow of GRB 050904 (ref. 4). From our measurements of the near-infrared afterglow, and our failure to detect the optical afterglow, we determine the photometric redshift of the burst to be z = 6.39-0.12+0.11 (refs 5-7). Subsequently, it was measured8 spectroscopically to be z = 6.29 ± 0.01, in agreement with our photometric estimate. These results demonstrate that GRBs can be used to trace the star formation, metallicity, and reionization histories of the early Universe.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)181-183
Number of pages3
JournalNature
Volume440
Issue number7081
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 9 2006

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Haislip, J. B., Nysewander, M. C., Reichart, D. E., Levan, A., Tanvir, N., Cenko, S. B., ... Burrows, D. N. (2006). A photometric redshift of z = 6.39 ± 0.12 for GRB 050904. Nature, 440(7081), 181-183. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04552

A photometric redshift of z = 6.39 ± 0.12 for GRB 050904. / Haislip, J. B.; Nysewander, M. C.; Reichart, D. E.; Levan, A.; Tanvir, N.; Cenko, S. B.; Fox, D. B.; Price, P. A.; Castro-Tirado, A. J.; Gorosabel, J.; Evans, C. R.; Figueredo, E.; MacLeod, C. L.; Kirschbrown, J. R.; Jelinek, M.; Guziy, S.; De Ugarte Postigo, A.; Cypriano, E. S.; LaCluyze, A.; Graham, J.; Priddey, R.; Chapman, R.; Rhoads, J.; Fruchter, A. S.; Lamb, D. Q.; Kouveliotou, C.; Wijers, R. A M J; Bayliss, M. B.; Schmidt, B. P.; Soderberg, A. M.; Kulkarni, S. R.; Harrison, F. A.; Moon, D. S.; Gal-Yam, A.; Kasliwal, M. M.; Hudec, R.; Vitek, S.; Kubanek, P.; Crain, J. A.; Foster, A. C.; Clemens, J. C.; Bartelme, J. W.; Canterna, R.; Hartmann, D. H.; Henden, A. A.; Klose, S.; Park, H. S.; Williams, George G; Rol, E.; O'Brien, P.; Bersier, D.; Prada, F.; Pizarro, S.; Maturana, D.; Ugarte, P.; Alvarez, A.; Fernandez, A. J M; Jarvis, M. J.; Moles, M.; Alfaro, E.; Ivarsen, K. M.; Kumar, N. D.; Mack, C. E.; Zdarowicz, C. M.; Gehrels, N.; Barthelmy, S.; Burrows, D. N.

In: Nature, Vol. 440, No. 7081, 09.03.2006, p. 181-183.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Haislip, JB, Nysewander, MC, Reichart, DE, Levan, A, Tanvir, N, Cenko, SB, Fox, DB, Price, PA, Castro-Tirado, AJ, Gorosabel, J, Evans, CR, Figueredo, E, MacLeod, CL, Kirschbrown, JR, Jelinek, M, Guziy, S, De Ugarte Postigo, A, Cypriano, ES, LaCluyze, A, Graham, J, Priddey, R, Chapman, R, Rhoads, J, Fruchter, AS, Lamb, DQ, Kouveliotou, C, Wijers, RAMJ, Bayliss, MB, Schmidt, BP, Soderberg, AM, Kulkarni, SR, Harrison, FA, Moon, DS, Gal-Yam, A, Kasliwal, MM, Hudec, R, Vitek, S, Kubanek, P, Crain, JA, Foster, AC, Clemens, JC, Bartelme, JW, Canterna, R, Hartmann, DH, Henden, AA, Klose, S, Park, HS, Williams, GG, Rol, E, O'Brien, P, Bersier, D, Prada, F, Pizarro, S, Maturana, D, Ugarte, P, Alvarez, A, Fernandez, AJM, Jarvis, MJ, Moles, M, Alfaro, E, Ivarsen, KM, Kumar, ND, Mack, CE, Zdarowicz, CM, Gehrels, N, Barthelmy, S & Burrows, DN 2006, 'A photometric redshift of z = 6.39 ± 0.12 for GRB 050904', Nature, vol. 440, no. 7081, pp. 181-183. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04552
Haislip JB, Nysewander MC, Reichart DE, Levan A, Tanvir N, Cenko SB et al. A photometric redshift of z = 6.39 ± 0.12 for GRB 050904. Nature. 2006 Mar 9;440(7081):181-183. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04552
Haislip, J. B. ; Nysewander, M. C. ; Reichart, D. E. ; Levan, A. ; Tanvir, N. ; Cenko, S. B. ; Fox, D. B. ; Price, P. A. ; Castro-Tirado, A. J. ; Gorosabel, J. ; Evans, C. R. ; Figueredo, E. ; MacLeod, C. L. ; Kirschbrown, J. R. ; Jelinek, M. ; Guziy, S. ; De Ugarte Postigo, A. ; Cypriano, E. S. ; LaCluyze, A. ; Graham, J. ; Priddey, R. ; Chapman, R. ; Rhoads, J. ; Fruchter, A. S. ; Lamb, D. Q. ; Kouveliotou, C. ; Wijers, R. A M J ; Bayliss, M. B. ; Schmidt, B. P. ; Soderberg, A. M. ; Kulkarni, S. R. ; Harrison, F. A. ; Moon, D. S. ; Gal-Yam, A. ; Kasliwal, M. M. ; Hudec, R. ; Vitek, S. ; Kubanek, P. ; Crain, J. A. ; Foster, A. C. ; Clemens, J. C. ; Bartelme, J. W. ; Canterna, R. ; Hartmann, D. H. ; Henden, A. A. ; Klose, S. ; Park, H. S. ; Williams, George G ; Rol, E. ; O'Brien, P. ; Bersier, D. ; Prada, F. ; Pizarro, S. ; Maturana, D. ; Ugarte, P. ; Alvarez, A. ; Fernandez, A. J M ; Jarvis, M. J. ; Moles, M. ; Alfaro, E. ; Ivarsen, K. M. ; Kumar, N. D. ; Mack, C. E. ; Zdarowicz, C. M. ; Gehrels, N. ; Barthelmy, S. ; Burrows, D. N. / A photometric redshift of z = 6.39 ± 0.12 for GRB 050904. In: Nature. 2006 ; Vol. 440, No. 7081. pp. 181-183.
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title = "A photometric redshift of z = 6.39 ± 0.12 for GRB 050904",
abstract = "Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) and their afterglows are the most brilliant transient events in the Universe. Both the bursts themselves and their afterglows have been predicted to be visible out to redshifts of z ≈ 20, and therefore to be powerful probes of the early Universe1,2. The burst GRB 000131, at z = 4.50, was hitherto the most distant such event identified3. Here we report the discovery of the bright near-infrared afterglow of GRB 050904 (ref. 4). From our measurements of the near-infrared afterglow, and our failure to detect the optical afterglow, we determine the photometric redshift of the burst to be z = 6.39-0.12+0.11 (refs 5-7). Subsequently, it was measured8 spectroscopically to be z = 6.29 ± 0.01, in agreement with our photometric estimate. These results demonstrate that GRBs can be used to trace the star formation, metallicity, and reionization histories of the early Universe.",
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T1 - A photometric redshift of z = 6.39 ± 0.12 for GRB 050904

AU - Haislip, J. B.

AU - Nysewander, M. C.

AU - Reichart, D. E.

AU - Levan, A.

AU - Tanvir, N.

AU - Cenko, S. B.

AU - Fox, D. B.

AU - Price, P. A.

AU - Castro-Tirado, A. J.

AU - Gorosabel, J.

AU - Evans, C. R.

AU - Figueredo, E.

AU - MacLeod, C. L.

AU - Kirschbrown, J. R.

AU - Jelinek, M.

AU - Guziy, S.

AU - De Ugarte Postigo, A.

AU - Cypriano, E. S.

AU - LaCluyze, A.

AU - Graham, J.

AU - Priddey, R.

AU - Chapman, R.

AU - Rhoads, J.

AU - Fruchter, A. S.

AU - Lamb, D. Q.

AU - Kouveliotou, C.

AU - Wijers, R. A M J

AU - Bayliss, M. B.

AU - Schmidt, B. P.

AU - Soderberg, A. M.

AU - Kulkarni, S. R.

AU - Harrison, F. A.

AU - Moon, D. S.

AU - Gal-Yam, A.

AU - Kasliwal, M. M.

AU - Hudec, R.

AU - Vitek, S.

AU - Kubanek, P.

AU - Crain, J. A.

AU - Foster, A. C.

AU - Clemens, J. C.

AU - Bartelme, J. W.

AU - Canterna, R.

AU - Hartmann, D. H.

AU - Henden, A. A.

AU - Klose, S.

AU - Park, H. S.

AU - Williams, George G

AU - Rol, E.

AU - O'Brien, P.

AU - Bersier, D.

AU - Prada, F.

AU - Pizarro, S.

AU - Maturana, D.

AU - Ugarte, P.

AU - Alvarez, A.

AU - Fernandez, A. J M

AU - Jarvis, M. J.

AU - Moles, M.

AU - Alfaro, E.

AU - Ivarsen, K. M.

AU - Kumar, N. D.

AU - Mack, C. E.

AU - Zdarowicz, C. M.

AU - Gehrels, N.

AU - Barthelmy, S.

AU - Burrows, D. N.

PY - 2006/3/9

Y1 - 2006/3/9

N2 - Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) and their afterglows are the most brilliant transient events in the Universe. Both the bursts themselves and their afterglows have been predicted to be visible out to redshifts of z ≈ 20, and therefore to be powerful probes of the early Universe1,2. The burst GRB 000131, at z = 4.50, was hitherto the most distant such event identified3. Here we report the discovery of the bright near-infrared afterglow of GRB 050904 (ref. 4). From our measurements of the near-infrared afterglow, and our failure to detect the optical afterglow, we determine the photometric redshift of the burst to be z = 6.39-0.12+0.11 (refs 5-7). Subsequently, it was measured8 spectroscopically to be z = 6.29 ± 0.01, in agreement with our photometric estimate. These results demonstrate that GRBs can be used to trace the star formation, metallicity, and reionization histories of the early Universe.

AB - Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) and their afterglows are the most brilliant transient events in the Universe. Both the bursts themselves and their afterglows have been predicted to be visible out to redshifts of z ≈ 20, and therefore to be powerful probes of the early Universe1,2. The burst GRB 000131, at z = 4.50, was hitherto the most distant such event identified3. Here we report the discovery of the bright near-infrared afterglow of GRB 050904 (ref. 4). From our measurements of the near-infrared afterglow, and our failure to detect the optical afterglow, we determine the photometric redshift of the burst to be z = 6.39-0.12+0.11 (refs 5-7). Subsequently, it was measured8 spectroscopically to be z = 6.29 ± 0.01, in agreement with our photometric estimate. These results demonstrate that GRBs can be used to trace the star formation, metallicity, and reionization histories of the early Universe.

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