A Polynesian motif on the Y chromosome: Population structure in remote Oceania

Murray P. Cox, Alan J. Redd, Tatiana Karafet, Christine A. Ponder, J. Stephen Lansing, Herawati Sudoyo, Michael F Hammer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Polynesian motif, a mitochondrial DNA marker of ancestral Polynesian communities, has filled a critical role in reconstructions of remote Oceanic history. Although the motif provides an effective narrative for Polynesian females, no equivalent male history is available from paternal lineages. Here, we describe a Y-chromosome binary polymorphism with absolute Polynesian affinity. We illustrate its unique spatial and temporal connections to early Polynesian communities, and through an analysis of associated short tandem repeat variation, we describe the first clear genealogic structure within Polynesia. Unlike the eastern and western regions advocated by archeology, we identify a tripartite structure comprising interaction spheres in the west (Tonga and Samoa), center (Tahiti), and east (Rapanui/Easter Island). Such patterning, a product of early regional contact and subsequent isolation, signals the conflicting roles of mobility and seclusion in Polynesian prehistory.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)525-535
Number of pages11
JournalHuman Biology
Volume79
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2007

Fingerprint

Oceania
Polynesia
Chromosome Structures
Y Chromosome
Pacific Ocean Islands
Y chromosome
population structure
chromosome
Samoa
Tahiti
Tonga
history
archaeology
paternity
Archaeology
History
mitochondrial DNA
Population
polymorphism
genetic polymorphism

Keywords

  • Indonesia
  • Male history
  • Melanesia
  • Micronesia
  • Oceania
  • Polynesia
  • Polynesian motif
  • Polynesian phylogeography
  • Short tandem repeats
  • Single nucleotide polymorphisms
  • Y chromosome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Cite this

Cox, M. P., Redd, A. J., Karafet, T., Ponder, C. A., Lansing, J. S., Sudoyo, H., & Hammer, M. F. (2007). A Polynesian motif on the Y chromosome: Population structure in remote Oceania. Human Biology, 79(5), 525-535.

A Polynesian motif on the Y chromosome : Population structure in remote Oceania. / Cox, Murray P.; Redd, Alan J.; Karafet, Tatiana; Ponder, Christine A.; Lansing, J. Stephen; Sudoyo, Herawati; Hammer, Michael F.

In: Human Biology, Vol. 79, No. 5, 10.2007, p. 525-535.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cox, MP, Redd, AJ, Karafet, T, Ponder, CA, Lansing, JS, Sudoyo, H & Hammer, MF 2007, 'A Polynesian motif on the Y chromosome: Population structure in remote Oceania', Human Biology, vol. 79, no. 5, pp. 525-535.
Cox MP, Redd AJ, Karafet T, Ponder CA, Lansing JS, Sudoyo H et al. A Polynesian motif on the Y chromosome: Population structure in remote Oceania. Human Biology. 2007 Oct;79(5):525-535.
Cox, Murray P. ; Redd, Alan J. ; Karafet, Tatiana ; Ponder, Christine A. ; Lansing, J. Stephen ; Sudoyo, Herawati ; Hammer, Michael F. / A Polynesian motif on the Y chromosome : Population structure in remote Oceania. In: Human Biology. 2007 ; Vol. 79, No. 5. pp. 525-535.
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