A pre-Columbian copper alloy smelting furnace: Mössbauer and XRD study of the firing conditions

F. M. Hayashida, D. Killick, I. Shimada, W. Häusler, F. E. Wagner, U. Wagner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations


Samples from a pre-Columbian furnace used for copper alloy smelting on the Pampa de Chaparrí in northern Peru during the Middle to Late Sicán Period (AD 900-1375) were studied by Mössbauer spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction and X-ray fluorescence. The data thus obtained allow conclusions as to the temperatures and oxidation-reduction conditions prevaling at different positions inside the furnace during the smelting process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)161-170
Number of pages10
JournalHyperfine Interactions
Issue number1-3
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014



  • Copper smelting
  • Furnace
  • Mössbauer spectroscopy
  • XRD

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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