A preliminary study of a video intervention to inform solid organ transplant recipients about skin cancer

L. J. Loescher, C. Hansen, J. T. Hepworth, L. Quale, J. Sligh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To obtain preliminary evidence on the effect of a skin cancer prevention video for adult solid organ transplant recipients (SOTR) and informational brochures on outcomes of skin cancer knowledge, beliefs, prevention and detection behaviors, and personal agency (self-confidence/ personal control) for behaviors. Background: SOTR have a high risk of skin cancer potentiated by life-long immunosuppressive therapy posttransplantation. Skin cancer in SOTR is aggressive and difficult to treat. Prevention and early detection are important for reducing risk and improving skin cancer outcomes, but methods to inform SOTR about their risk are understudied. Methods: A brief, evidence-based skin cancer informational video tailored to SOTR was evaluated using a quasi-experimental design that compared the outcome variables in two groups of SOTR seen in 4 transplantation clinics within 4-6 weeks posttransplantation. The video/brochure group (VBG) viewed the video once and received skin cancer information brochures. The brochure group (BG) received brochures only. Participants completed a survey on sun protection behavior (6 items; alpha = 0.75), personal agency (6 items; alpha = 0.64), beliefs (6 items; alpha = 0.60), skin cancer knowledge (6 items), and skin self-examination (SSE; 1 item) at baseline and 3 months postintervention. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and 2 × 2 analysis of variance. Results: Of 113 participants, 90 completed both surveys (VBG, n = 46; BG, n = 44). Both groups had a significant increase in sun protective behavior (P <.001), skin cancer knowledge (P <.001), beliefs (P =.003), and personal agency (P =.003). There was no effect of either intervention on SSE. Conclusion: Both interventions effectively informed SOTR about skin cancer and sun protection, promoted favorable beliefs, and improved personal agency, but were not differentially effective, suggesting that the addition of the video may not be necessary or that the video may need to be viewed more than once. More in-depth SSE teaching strategies may be necessary.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3187-3189
Number of pages3
JournalTransplantation Proceedings
Volume45
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Transplantation

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