A preliminary theory of dark network resilience

René M. Bakker, Jörg Raab, H. Brinton Milward

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations

Abstract

A crucial contemporary policy question for governments across the globe is how to cope with international crime and terrorist networks. Many such "dark" networks-that is, networks that operate covertly and illegally-display a remarkable level of resilience when faced with shocks and attacks. Based on an in-depth study of three cases (MK, the armed wing of the African National Congress in South Africa during apartheid; FARC, the Marxist guerrilla movement in Colombia; and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, LTTE, in Sri Lanka), we present a set of propositions to outline how shocks impact dark network characteristics (resources and legitimacy) and networked capabilities (replacing actors, linkages, balancing integration and differentiation) and how these in turn affect a dark network's resilience over time. We discuss the implications of our findings for policymakers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)33-62
Number of pages30
JournalJournal of Policy Analysis and Management
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Public Administration

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