A Promotora-administered group education intervention to promote breast and cervical cancer screening in a rural community along the U.S.-Mexico border: A randomized controlled trial

Tomas Nuño, Maria Elena Martinez, Robin Harris, Francisco García

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Breast cancer is the most common neoplasm among Hispanic women. Cervical cancer has a higher incidence and mortality among Hispanic women compared with non-Hispanic White women. Objective To assess the effectiveness of a promotoraadministered educational intervention to promote breast and cervical cancer screening among post-reproductive age, medically underserved Hispanic women residing along the U.S.-Mexico border. Methods Women age 50 or older were eligible to participate in this intervention study. A total of 381 subjects agreed to participate. Women were randomly assigned into one of two groups, educational intervention or usual care. The primary outcomes were self-reported mammogram and Pap smear screening. Logistic regression analysis was used to compute odds ratios for comparisons between intervention and control groups. Results Women in the intervention group were 2.0 times more likely to report having had a mammogram within the last year when compared with the usual care group (95% CI = 1.3-3.1). Likewise, women in the intervention group were 1.5 times more likely to report having a Pap smear within the last year when compared with the usual care group, although this was not statistically significant (95% CI = 0.9-2.6). In a secondary analysis, the intervention suggests a stronger effect on those that had not had a mammogram or Pap smear within the past year at baseline. Conclusions A promotora-based educational intervention can be used to increase breast and cervical cancer screening utilization among Hispanic women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)367-374
Number of pages8
JournalCancer Causes and Control
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2011

Keywords

  • Cancer screening
  • Disparities
  • Hispanic
  • Women's health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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