A protective role for arachidonic acid metabolites against advanced colorectal adenoma in a phase iii trial of selenium

Jessica A. Martinez, Meghan B. Skiba, H. H.Sherry Chow, Wade M. Chew, Kathylynn Saboda, Peter Lance, Nathan Ellis, Elizabeth T Jacobs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Oxylipins derived from arachidonic acid (ARA) have been implicated in the development of colorectal adenomas and colorectal cancer. The primary purpose of this work was to determine the relationship between plasma levels of oxylipins and colorectal adenoma characteristics at study entry, as well as with the development of a new adenoma during follow-up within a Phase III adenoma prevention clinical trial with selenium (Sel). Secondarily, we sought to determine whether the selenium intervention influenced plasma oxylipin levels. Four oxylipins were quantified in stored plasma samples from a subset of Sel study subjects (n = 256) at baseline and at 12-months. There were significantly lower odds of an advanced adenoma at baseline with higher prostaglandin E2 (PGE2 ), with an OR (95% CI) of 0.55 (0.33–0.92), and with 5-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (5-HETE) ((0.53 (0.33–0.94)); and of a large adenoma with higher PGE2 ((0.52 (0.31–0.87)). In contrast, no associations were observed between any oxylipin and the development of a new adenoma during follow-up. Selenium supplementation was associated with a significantly smaller increase in 5-HETE after 12 months compared to the placebo, though no other results were statistically significant. The ARA-derived oxylipins may have a role in the progression of non-advanced adenoma to advanced, but not with the development of a new adenoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number3877
JournalNutrients
Volume13
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2021

Keywords

  • ARA
  • Arachidonic acid
  • Colon cancer
  • Colorectal adenoma
  • Colorectal neoplasia
  • Oxylipins
  • Selenium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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