A randomized controlled trial for the primary prevention of osteoporosis among preadolescent girl scouts: 1-Year outcomes of a behavioral program

Carolyn E. Ievers-Landis, Christopher Burant, Dennis Drotar, Larissa Morgan, Erika S. Trapl, Natalie Colabianchi, C. Kent Kwoh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To provide 1-year outcomes for a randomized controlled trial of a behavioral-educational intervention for the primary prevention of osteoporosis among 247 preadolescent girls. Methods: Girl Scout troops were randomly assigned to one of two intervention groups - a group comprising girls only (n = 73) and girls with their mothers (n = 94) - and a healthy-lifestyles control group (n = 80). Multilevel (hierarchical) models were employed to account for clustering of girls within troops. Results: Among girls who met the recommended levels of Ca at baseline, those in the intervention were significantly more likely to maintain or improve their intake at follow-up compared to controls. No significant group differences were found for changes in WBPA. Conclusions: A behavioral intervention for the primary prevention of osteoporosis holds promise for maintaining adequate Ca intake among preadolescent females.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)155-165
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of pediatric psychology
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Behavioral intervention
  • Dietary calcium intake
  • Multilevel modeling
  • Osteoporosis
  • Primary prevention
  • RCT
  • Weight-bearing physical activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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